ISLAMIC DOCTRINES

The third day of January is the International Day of the Doctrines. We think that it is good in this situation to take a look into the doctrines briefly.

Differences between the Islamic doctrines are of two types basically:

  • Difference in ideology
  • Difference in jurisprudence

 

Difference in ideology: this mainly talks about the succession of the holly Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny.

Here are two important groups, the first is the followers of the doctrine of the “Sunnis and the community” and they believed in the piousity and infallibility   of some Sahaba and the rendering of governance after the Prophet to the public and saw them the consensus of the people of Medina and the work of the elders from Sahaba on the basis of this approach.

The second group are followers of the doctrine of the Ahlul Bayt. They believe in the existence of a very clear declaration from the Prophet on the Imamate and succession of Aliy Bin Abi Talib a.s. and some of his offspring due to the declaration by the Holy Prophet peace be upon him and his progeny.

Prophet a.s. was quoted as saying “My successors are Twelve” That is why folowers of this doctrine are popularly known as Twelvers (Ithna Ashariyya)

As for the differences between the Muslims of these five doctrines, and according to what the Sheikh of the Mosque of Al-Azhar Mahmoud Shaltout said, working on any one of these five doctrines is permissible and are:  Malikiyya, Hanafiyya, Shafi’iyya, Hanbaliyya and Ahl al-Bay (Jaafariyya)

  • Malikiyya:

It is attributed to Abu Abdullah Malik bin Anas bin Abi Amer al-Asbahi, born in the city in the year 93 of the migration request for knowledge is small and took from Nafi Mullah Abdullah bin Omar and others died in the city in 179 years of migration and buried in Baqi.

  • Hanafiyya:

The percentage of the Hanafis is attributed to Imam Abu Haneefah al-Nu’man ibn Thabit ibn al-Taimi al-Kufi. He was born in the year 80 AH. He was a jurist. He worked on measuring the sources of fiqh, comparing them and reviewing the texts of attribution to increase his knowledge of Fiqh. Al-Mansur asked him to appeal to the judiciary, so he rejected it for fear that someone would be wronged. Al-Mansour imprisoned him and died in 150 AH.

  • Shafi’iyya:

His relation is attributed to the Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idris al-Qurashi al-Shafi’I and was an orphan. He was born in the year 150 AH in Gaza and then returned to Mecca by his mother at the age of two years. He died in the year 204 AH and was fifty-four years old.

  • Hanbaliyya:

He was born in Iraq in Baghdad in 164 AH and moved between Hejaz, Damascus and Yemen. He received a great deal of knowledge and knowledge. He was one of the greatest of the Shafi’i in Baghdad. He became diligent and his followers emerged to observe the Sunnah and the jurisprudential questions about his teacher. … and wrote about it in his book “Musnad”.

  • The doctrine of Ahl al-Bayt or al-Jaafariyya (imamiyya)

This doctrine is attributed to Abu Abdullah Ja’far ibn Muhammad al – Baqir ibn Ali Zayn al – Abidin ibn al – Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib, the husband of the best woman of the world and the hereafter Fatima al – Zahra bint Prophet Muhammadpeace be upon him and his progeny.

Jaafar a-l Sadiq was born in the year 83 AH and is the sixth imam of the Twelfth Shi’a. He has 10 children, 7 sons and 3 daughters. Jaafar had a great deal of knowledge and he had many works and he had more than 4000 students. He used to teach Hadith, fiqh, interpretation, among others. He lived in the Medina and then entered Iraq and stayed there. The imam died in the tenth year of the rule of Mansur in 148 AH and was buried in Baqi.