17 The Children of Israel
Bani Isra’il: Makki
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In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
GLORY TO HIM who took His votary to a wide and open land from the
Sacred Mosque (at Makkah) to the distant Mosque whose precincts We have
blessed, that We may show him some of Our signs. Verily He is all-hearing
and all-seeing.
2. We gave Moses the Book, and made it a guidance for the children of Israel
that they should not take another protector apart from Me.
3. O you, the offspring of those We bore (in the ark) with Noah, he was indeed
a grateful votary.
4. We announced to the children of Israel in the Book: “You will surely create
disorder twice in the land, and become exceedingly arrogant.”
5. So, when the time of the first prediction came, We sent against you Our
creatures full of martial might, who ransacked your cities; and the prediction
was fulfilled.
6. Then We gave you a chance against them, and strengthened you with wealth
and children, and increased your numbers (and said):
7. “If you do good, you will do so for your own good; if you do ill, you will do
it for your own loss.” So, when the time of the second prediction comes, (We
shall rouse another people) to shame you, and enter the Temple as they had
done the first time, and to destroy what they conquered utterly.
8. Your Lord may haply be merciful to you. But if you repeat it, We shall do
the same. We have constituted Hell as prison for unbelievers.
9. Verily this Qur’an directs you to the path that is straight, and gives happy
tidings to those who believe and do the right: For them is a great reward.
10. As for those who do not believe in the Hereafter, We have prepared a
painful punishment. Man prays for evil as he prays for good, for man is hasty.
12. We have created night and day as two signs, then We efface the sign of the
night, and make the sign of the day resplendent that you may seek the bounty of your Lord, and know the computation of years and numbers. We have
expounded most distinctly everything.
13. Round each man’s neck We have hung his ledger of deeds, and on the Day
of Resurrection will present it as a book spread out (and say):
14. “Read your ledger; this day you are sufficient to take your own account.
15. “He who finds the right path does so for himself; and he who goes astray
does so to his own loss; and no one who carries a burden bears another’s load.
We never punish till We have sent a messenger.
16. “And when We destroy a human habitation We send Our command to
(warn) its people living a life of ease; and when they disobey, the sentence
against them is justified, and We destroy them utterly.
17. “How many generations have We laid low after Noah, for your Lord knows
and notices well enough the sins of His creatures.
18. “Whosoever desires what hastes away, We hasten to give him (in this life)
as much as We please to whosoever We will; but afterwards there is Hell for
him in which he will burn, disgraced and ostracised.
19. “But he who desires the Hereafter, and strives for it with a will, and is a
believer, will be favoured for his endeavour.
20. “We bestow from the gifts of your Lord on these and on those, for the gifts
of your Lord are not restricted.
21. “See, how We favour one over the other; and in life to come are higher
ranks and favours greater still.
22. “Do not set up another god with God, or you will remain disgraced and
destitute.
23. “So your Lord has decreed: Do not worship anyone but Him, and be good
to your parents. If one or both of them grow old in your presence, do not say
fie to them, nor reprove them, but say gentle words to them
24. “And look after them with kindness and love, and say: “O Lord, have
mercy on them as they nourished me when I was small.”
25. Your Lord knows what is in your heart. If you are righteous, then He is
indeed forgiving to those who turn (to Him) in repentance.
26. So give to your relatives what is their due, and to those who are needy, and
the wayfarers; and do not dissipate (your wealth) extravagantly.
27. Those who dissipate (their wealth) are the brethren of the devils, and the
Devil was ungrateful to his Lord.
28. If you neglect (your parents) while seeking the bounty of your Lord, of
which you are hopeful, speak to them softly.
29. Do not be niggardly, nor extravagant that you may later feel reprehensive
and constrained.
30. Certainly your Lord provides with open hands whosoever He will, but
according to capacity, for He knows and watches His creatures.
31. Do not abandon your children out of fear of poverty. We will provide for
them and for you. Killing them is certainly a great wrong.
32. And do not go near fornication, as it is immoral and an evil way.
33. And do not take a life, which God has forbidden, except in a just cause. We
have given the right (of redress) to the heir of the person who is killed, but he
should not exceed the limits (of justice) by slaying (the killer), for he will be
judged (by the same law).
34. And do not touch the property of the orphans except for bettering it, until
they come of age; and fulfil the promise made: You will surely be questioned about the promise.
35. Give full measure when you are measuring, and weigh on a balanced scale.
This is better, and excellent its consequence.
36. Do not follow that of which you have no knowledge. Verily the ear, the
eye, the heart, each will be questioned.
37. And do not strut about the land with insolence: Surely you cannot cleave
the earth, nor attain the height of mountains in stature.
38. All these are evil and odious to your Lord.
39. This is some of the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you. So do not take
another god apart from God, or you will be cast into Hell, reproved, ostracised.
40. Has God chosen to give you sons, and taken for Himself daughters from
among the angels? You utter grievous things indeed!
41. We have explained (the truth) in various ways in this Qur’an, that they may
be warned; but it only increased their refractoriness.
42. Say: “Had there been other gods with Him, as they assert, they would
surely have sought a way (of opposition) against the Lord of the Throne.”
43. Too glorious and high is He, too exalted for what they say!
44. The seven skies, the earth, and all that lies within them, sing hallelujas to
Him. There is nothing that does not chant His praises, but you do not
understand their hymns of praise. He is verily clement and forgiving.
45. When you recite the Qur’an, We place a hidden veil between you and those
who do not believe in the Hereafter;
46. And We put covers over their hearts and deafness in their ears that they
should not understand it. So when you invoke your Lord alone in the Qur’an
they turn their backs and walk away.
47. We know well with what (intent) they hear you, for when they confer
privately the wicked say: “You follow but a man deluded.”
48. See, what comparisons they coin for you, and go astray, and thus cannot
find the way.
49. Yet they say: “When we are turned to bones and bits, shall we be raised as
a new creation?”
50. Tell them: “(Even if) you turn to stones or steel,
51. Or some other created thing which may seem to you most difficult (to
create)!” They will then say: “Who will revert us back?” Say: “He who
originated you in the first place.” They will shake their heads at you and say:
“When will that be?” Say: “In the near future, perhaps,
52. “On the day when He will call you, and you will answer with His praises
and imagine you did not tarry but a while.”
53. Tell My creatures only to speak words that are good. Verily Satan sows
dissensions: Satan is indeed the acknowledged enemy of mankind.
54. Your Lord knows you better: He may have mercy on you if He please, or
punish you if He will. Yet We have not sent you as warden over them.
55. Your Lord knows whoever is in the heavens and the earth. We exalted
some of the prophets over the others; and to David We gave the Book of
Psalms.
56. Say: “Call those whom you imagine to be gods besides Him; yet they have
no power to relieve you of any distress or to avert it.”
57. Those they invoke themselves seek the way to their Lord, (striving) which
one of them shall be nearest (to Him); and hope for His grace, and dread His
punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is to be feared! 58. There is not a habitation We shall not destroy before the Day of
Resurrection, or not inflict severe punishment upon it. This is in accordance
with the law (of God).
59. Nothing could stop Us from sending signs except that the earlier people
had rejected them as lies. We sent to Thamud the she-camel as a token to make
it clear to them, but they treated her cruelly; and We send signs only to deter.
60. When We said to you: “Verily your Lord circumscribes mankind,” and
showed you the vision and the accursed tree of the Qur’an, it was as a bone of
contention for men. Thus do We (instil) fear in them; but they only transgress
the more.
61. When We asked the angels to bow before Adam, they all bowed but Iblis,
who said: “Can I bow before him whom You created from clay?”
62. (And) said: “Look! This is what you have honoured above me! If You
defer (my term) till the Day of Resurrection, I will bring his progeny into
complete subjugation, barring a few.”
63. (And God) said: “Away! Whosoever of them follows you will surely have
Hell with you as requital — an ample recompense.
64. Mislead any of them you may with your voice, attack them with your
cavalry and soldiers on foot, share their wealth and children with them, and
make promises to them.” — But the promises of Satan are nothing but deceit.
65. “You will surely have no power over My devotees: Your Lord is sufficient
as their protector.”
66. It is your Lord who drives your ships across the seas that you may seek of
His bounty. He is verily kind to you.
67. When a calamity befalls you on the sea, all those you invoke fail you
except Him. But when He brings you safely to the shore, you turn away, for
man is most ungrateful.
68. Have you then become so sure that He will not cleave the earth and sink
you in it by the shore, or send a gale against you, when you will not find any
protector.
69. Or you feel so secure that He will not send you back (to sea) again or send
a gravel-hurtling storm against you, and drown you for your ingratitude? Then
you will not find any avenger against Us.
70. Indeed We have honoured the children of Adam, and carried them over
land and sea, provided them with good things for their sustenance, and exalted
them over many of Our creatures.
71. The day We shall summon all men with their leaders, whosoever is given
his record in his right hand will be able to read his account, and none will be
wronged the breadth of a thread.
72. But whoso has been blind in this world shall be blind in the world to come,
even farther astray from the path.
73. They had almost led you away from what has been revealed to you, that
you may invent things about Us besides those revealed, when they would have
taken you as friend.
74. If We had not kept you constant you had almost leaned towards them.
75. In that case We would have made you taste a double anguish of life and a
double anguish of death, and then you would not have been able to find a
helper against Us for yourself.
76. They had nearly expelled you from the land and driven you away from it.
But then, they too would have stayed but a little after you. 77. This has been Our way with the apostles whom We sent before you. You
will not find any variation in Our line of action.
78. Observe the service of prayer from the sun’s declining from the meridian to
the darkening of the night, and the recitation at dawn. Indeed the Recitation at
dawn is palpably evident.
79. Say a supererogatory prayer at the hour of the first watch: Your Lord may
raise you to a most exalted station.
80. And pray: “O my Lord, let my entry be with honour, and let my exit be
with honour, and grant me power from You which would help (sustain) me.”
81. And say: “Truth has come and falsehood nullified.” Verily falsehood is
perishable.
82. What We have sent down of the Qur’an is a healing and a grace for the
faithful, and adds only loss for the sinners.
83. When We are gracious to man he turns away and moves aside; yet when
evil befalls him he begins to despair.
84. Say: “Each one acts according to his disposition, but your Lord knows well
who follow the right path.”
85. They ask you about revelation. Say, revelation is by the command of your
Lord, and that you have been given but little knowledge.
86. If We pleased We could take away what We have revealed to you. Then
you will not find any one to plead for it with Us,
87. Unless your Lord have mercy. His blessings on you are great indeed.
88. Say: “Surely if men and jinns get together to produce the like of this
(Qur’an), they will not be able to produce the like of it, however they might
assist one another.
89. We have given examples of every kind to men in this Qur’an in various
ways, and even then most men disdain everything but unbelief,
90. And say: “We will not believe you until you make a spring of water gush
forth from the earth for us;
91. Or, until you acquire an orchard of date-palm trees and grapes, and produce
rivers flowing through it;
92. Or, let chunks of sky fall over us, as you assert (you will); or, bring God
and the angels as a surety;
93. Or, you come to possess a house of gold; or ascend to the skies, though we
shall not believe in your having ascended till you bring down a book for us
which we could read.” Say: “Glory to my Lord. I am only man and a
messenger.”
94. Nothing prevented men from believing when guidance came to them, other
than (what) they said: “Has God sent (only) a man as messenger?”
95. Say: “If angels had peopled the earth and walked about in peace and quiet,
We would surely have sent to them an angel as messenger.
96. Tell them: “God is sufficient witness between me and you, for He knows
His creatures well, and is well-informed.”
97. He is guided whom God guides. As for him He allows to go astray, you
will not find a protector other than Him. We shall raise them on the Day of
Resurrection in their own image, blind and dumb and deaf: Their habitation
will be Hell. Every time (its fire) subsides We will intensify its flame.
98. This will be their retribution for having denied Our signs and said: “Once
we are turned to bones and bits, can we be raised as a new creation?”
99. Do they not perceive that God, who created the heavens and the earth, has the power to create the like of them? There is no doubt that. He has fixed a
term for them. Even then the wicked disdain everything but unbelief.
100. Say: “Even if you owned the stores of the mercy of my Lord, you would
have held them back for fear of spending them, for man is niggardly.”
101. We gave Moses nine clear signs; so ask the children of Israel. When
(Moses) came to them the Pharaoh said: “I think, O Moses, you have been
deluded.”
102. He replied: “You know that none but the Lord of the heavens and the
earth has sent these (signs) as cogent proof. I truly think, O Pharaoh, your days
are done.”
103. Then he sought to turn them out of the land, but We drowned him and all
his followers.
104. After this We told the children of Israel: “Dwell in the land. When the
promise of reckoning comes, We shall bring you together from a motley
crowd.
105. We have sent it down with truth, and with truth has (the Qur’an) come
down. And We have sent you only to give good news and to warn.
106. We have divided the Qur’an into parts that you may recite it to men
slowly, with deliberation. That is why We sent it down by degrees.
107. Say: “Believe in it or do not believe: Those who were given knowledge
before it bow in adoration when it is read out to them,
108. And say: “Glory be to our Lord. The promise of our Lord has indeed been
fulfilled.”
109. And weeping they kneel down, and this increases their humility.
110. Say: “Call Him Allah or call Him Ar-Rahman; whatever the name you
call Him by, all His names are beautiful.” Do not say your prayers too loudly
or in too low a voice, but follow a middle coarse.
111. And say: “All praise be to God who has neither begotten a son nor has a
partner in His kingdom; nor has He need of any one to protect Him from
ignominy. So extol Him by extolling His majesty.”

Source:studyquran.org


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