2 The Cow
Al-Baqarah: Madani
In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
2. This is The Book free of doubt and involution, a guidance for those who
preserve themselves from evil and follow the straight path,
3. Who believe in the Unknown and fulfil their devotional obligations, and
spend in charity of what We have given them;
4. Who believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed to
those before you, and are certain of the Hereafter.
5. They have found the guidance of their Lord and will be successful.
6. As for those who deny, it is all the same if you warn them or not, they will
not believe.
7. God has sealed their hearts and ears, and veiled their eyes. For them is great
8. And there are some who, though they say: “We believe in God and the Last
Day,” (in reality) do not believe.
9.They (try to) deceive God and those who believe, yet deceive none but
themselves although they do not know.
10. Sick are their hearts, and God adds to their malady. For them is suffering
for they lie.
11. When asked to desist from spreading corruption in the land they say:
“Why, we are reformers.”
12. Yet they are surely mischief-mongers, even though they do not know.
13. When asked to believe as others do, they say: “Should we believe like
fools?” And yet they are the fools, even though they do not know.
14. When they meet the faithful they say: “We believe;” but when alone with
the devils (their fellows), they say: “We are really with you; we were joking.”
15. But God will turn the joke against them and allow them to sink deeper into
evil and wander perplexed in their wickedness.
16. They are indeed those who bartered away good guidance for error and gained nothing from the deal, nor found the right way.
17. They are like a man who kindles a fire, and when its glow has illumined
the air God takes away their light leaving them in the dark where they will not
be able to see.
18. They are deaf, dumb and blind, and shall never return;
19. Or like rain pouring from the sky which hides within it darkness, thunder
and lightning. They thrust their fingers into their ears for safety against noise
and death. But God surrounds those who believe not from all sides.
20. Verily the lightning could snatch away their eyes. When it flashes forth
they walk in its flare. When darkness returns they stand still. And if the Lord
wills so He could take away their hearing and sight; surely God is all-powerful.
21. So, O you people, adore your Lord who created you, as He did those before
you, that you could take heed for yourselves and fear Him
22. Who made the earth a bed for you, the sky a canopy, and sends forth rain
from the skies that fruits may grow — your food and sustenance. So, do not
make another the equal of God knowingly.
23. If you are in doubt of what We have revealed to Our votary, then bring a
Surah like this, and call any witness, apart from God, you like, if you are
24. But if you cannot, as indeed you cannot, then guard yourselves against the
Fire whose fuel is men and rocks, which has been prepared for the infidels.
25. Announce to those who believe and have done good deeds, glad tidings of
gardens under which rivers flow, and where, when they eat the fruits that grow,
they will say: “Indeed they are the same as we were given before,” so like in
semblance the food would be. And they shall have fair spouses there, and live
there abidingly.
26. God is not loath to advance the similitude of a gnat or a being more
contemptible; and those who believe know whatever is from the Lord is true.
But those who disbelieve say: “What does God mean by this parable?” He
causes some to err this way, and some He guides; yet He turns away none but
those who transgress,
27. Who, having sealed it, break God’s covenant, dividing what He ordained
cohered; and those who spread discord in the land will suffer assuredly.
28. Then how can you disbelieve in God? He gave you life when you were
dead. He will make you die again then bring you back to life: To Him then you
will return.
29. He made for you all that lies within the earth, then turning to the firmament
He proportioned several skies: He has knowledge of everything.
30. Remember, when your Lord said to the angels: “I have to place a trustee on
the earth,” they said: “Will You place one there who would create disorder and
shed blood, while we intone Your litanies and sanctify Your name?” And God
said: “I know what you do not know.”
31. Then He gave Adam knowledge of the nature and reality of all things and
everything, and set them before the angels and said: “Tell Me the names of
these if you are truthful.”
32. And they said: “Glory to You (O Lord), knowledge we have none except
what You have given us, for You are all-knowing and all-wise.”
33. Then He said to Adam: “Convey to them their names.” And when he had
told them, God said: “Did I not tell you that I know the unknown of the
heavens and the earth, and I know what you disclose and know what you hide?”
34. Remember, when We asked the angels to bow in homage to Adam, they all
bowed but Iblis, who disdained and turned insolent, and so became a
35. And We said to Adam: “Both you and your spouse live in the Garden, eat
freely to your fill wherever you like, but approach not this tree or you will
become transgressors.
36. But Satan tempted them and had them banished from the (happy) state they
were in. And We said: “Go, one the antagonist of the other, and live on the
earth for a time ordained, and fend for yourselves.”
37. Then his Lord sent commands to Adam and turned towards him: Indeed He
is compassionate and kind.
38. And We said to them: “Go, all of you. When I send guidance, whoever
follows it will neither have fear nor regret;
39. But those who deny and reject Our signs will belong to Hell , and there
abide unchanged.”
40. O children of Israel, remember the favours I bestowed on you. So keep
your pledge to Me, and I will mine to you, and be fearful of Me,
41. And believe in what I have sent down which verifies what is already with
you; and do not be the first to deny it, nor part with it for little gain; and
beware of Me.
42. Do not confuse truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth knowingly.
43. Be firm in devotion; give zakat (the due share of your wealth for the
welfare of others), and bow with those who bow (before God).
44. Will you enjoin good deeds on the others and forget your own selves? You
also read the Scriptures, why do you then not understand?
45. Find strength in fortitude and prayer, which is heavy and exacting but for
those who are humble and meek,
46. Who are conscious that they have to meet their Lord, and to Him they have
to return.
47. Remember, O children of Israel, the favours I bestowed on you, and made
you exalted among the nations of the world.
48. Take heed of the day when no man will be useful to man in the least, when
no intercession matter nor ransom avail, nor help reach them.
49. Remember, We saved you from the Pharaoh’s people who wronged and
oppressed you and slew your sons but spared your women: In this was a great
favour from your Lord.
50. Remember, We parted the sea and saved you, and drowned the men of
Pharaoh before your very eyes.
51. Yet, remember, as We communed with Moses for forty nights you took the
calf in his absence (and worshipped it), and you did wrong.
52. Even so, We pardoned you that you may be grateful.
53. Remember, We gave Moses the Book and Discernment of falsehood and
truth, that you may be guided.
54. Remember, Moses said: “My people, by taking this calf you have done
yourselves harm, so now turn to your Creator in repentance, and kill your
pride, which is better with your Lord.” And (the Lord) softened towards you,
for He is all-forgiving and merciful.
55. Remember, when you said to Moses: “We shall not believe in you until we
see God face to face,” lightning struck you as you looked. 56. Even then We revived you after you had become senseless that you might
give thanks;
57. And made the cloud spread shade over you, and sent for you manna and
quails that you may eat of the good things We have made for you. No harm
was done to Us, they only harmed themselves.
58. And remember, We said to you: “Enter this city, eat wherever you like, as
much as you please, but pass through the gates in humility and say: ‘May our
sins be forgiven.’ We shall forgive your trespasses and give those who do good
59. But the wicked changed and perverted the word We had spoken to a word
distorted, and We sent from heaven retribution on the wicked, for they
60. And remember, when Moses asked for water for his people, We told him to
strike the rock with his staff, and behold, twelve springs of gushing water
gushed forth so that each of the tribes came to know its place of drinking. Eat
and drink, (enjoy) God’s gifts, and spread no discord in the land.
61. Remember, when you said: “O Moses, we are tired of eating the same food
(day after day), ask your Lord to give us fruits of the earth, herbs and
cucumbers, grains and lentils and onions;” he said: “Would you rather
exchange what is good with what is bad? Go then to the city, you shall have
what you ask.” So they were disgraced and became indigent, earning the anger
of God, for they disbelieved the word of God, and slayed the prophets unjustly,
for they transgressed and rebelled.
62. Surely the believers and the Jews, Nazareans and the Sabians, whoever
believes in God and the Last Day, and whosoever does right, shall have his
reward with his Lord and will neither have fear nor regret.
63. Remember the day We made the covenant with you and exalted you on the
Mount and said: “Hold fast to what We have given you, and remember what is
therein that you may take heed.”
64. But you went back (on your word), and but for the mercy and grace of God
you were lost.
65. You know and have known already those among you who had broken the
sanctity of the Sabbath, and to whom We had said: “Become (like) apes
66. And whom We made an example for the people (of the day) and those after
them, and warning for those who fear God.
67. Remember, when Moses said to his people: “God demands that you
sacrifice a cow,” they said: “Are you making fun of us?” And he said: “God
forbid that I be of the ignorant.”
68. “Call on your Lord for us,” they said, “that He might inform us what kind
she should be.” “Neither old nor young, says God, but of age in between,”
answered Moses. “So do as you are bid.”
69. “Call on your Lord,” they said, “to tell us the colour of the cow.” “God
says,” answered Moses, “a fawn coloured cow, rich yellow, well pleasing to
the eye.”
70. “Call on your Lord,” they said, “to name its variety, as cows be all alike to
us. If God wills we shall be guided aright.”
71. And Moses said: “He says it’s a cow unyoked, nor worn out by ploughing
or watering the fields, one in good shape with no mark or blemish.” “Now have
you brought us the truth,” they said; and then, after wavering, they sacrificed the cow.
72. Remember when you killed a man and blamed each other for the deed, God
brought to light what you concealed.
73. We had pronounced already: “Slay (the murderer) for (taking a life).” Thus
God preserves life from death and shows you His signs that you may
74. Yet, in spite of this, your hearts only hardened like rocks or even harder,
but among rocks are those from which rivers flow; and there are also those
which split open and water gushes forth; as well as those that roll down for fear
of God. And God is not negligent of all that you do.
75. How do you expect them to put their faith in you, when you know that
some among them heard the word of God and, having understood, perverted it
76. For when they meet the faithful, they say: “We believe;” but when among
themselves, they say: “Why do you tell them what the Lord has revealed to
you? They will only dispute it in the presence of your Lord. Have you no sense
77. Do they not know that God is aware of what they hide and what they
78. Among them are heathens who know nothing of the Book but only what
they wish to believe, and are only lost in fantasies.
79. But woe to them who fake the Scriptures and say: “This is from God,” so
that they might earn some profit thereby; and woe to them for what they fake,
and woe to them for what they earn from it!
80. Yet they say: “The Fire will not touch us for more than a few days.” Say..
“Have you so received a promise from God?” “Then surely God will not
withdraw His pledge. Or do you impute things to God of which you have no
knowledge at all?”
81. Why, they who have earned the wages of sin and are enclosed in error, are
people of Hell, where they will abide for ever.
82. But those who believe and do good deeds are people of Paradise, and shall
live there forever.
83. Remember, when We made a covenant with the people of Israel and said:
“Worship no one but God, and be good to your parents and your kin, and to
orphans and the needy, and speak of goodness to men; observe your devotional
obligations, and give zakat (the due share of your wealth for the welfare of
others),” you went back (on your word), except only a few, and paid no heed.
84. And remember, when We made a covenant with you whereby you agreed
you will neither shed blood among you nor turn your people out of their
homes, you promised, and are witness to it too.
85. But you still kill one another, and you turn a section of your people from
their homes, assisting one another against them with guilt and oppression. Yet
when they are brought to you as captives you ransom them, although forbidden
it was to drive them away.
86. Do you, then, believe a part of the Book and reject a part? There is no other
award for them who so act but disgrace in the world, and on the Day of
Judgement the severest of punishment; for God is not heedless of all that you
86. They are those who bought the life of the world at the cost of the life to
come; and neither will their torment decrease nor help reach them. 87. Remember We gave Moses the Book and sent after him many an apostle;
and to Jesus, son of Mary, We gave clear evidence of the truth, reinforcing him
with divine grace. Even so, when a messenger brought to you what did not suit
your mood you turned haughty, and called some imposters and some others
you slew.
88. And they say: “Our hearts are enfolded in covers.” In fact God has cursed
them for their unbelief; and only a little do they believe.
89. And when the Book was sent to them by God verifying what had been
revealed to them already even though before it they used to pray for victory
over the unbelievers and even though they recognised it when it came to them,
they renounced it. The curse of God be on those who deny!
90. They bartered their lives ill denying the revelation of God out of spite that
God should bestow His grace among His votaries on whomsoever He will, and
thus earned wrath upon wrath. The punishment for disbelievers is ignominious.
91. And when it is said to them: “believe in what God has sent down,” they
say: “We believe what was sent to us, and do not believe what has come
thereafter,” although it affirms the truth they possess already. Say: “Why have
you then been slaying God’s apostles as of old, if you do believe?”
92. Although Moses had come to you with evidence of the truth, you chose the
calf in his absence, and you transgressed.
93. Remember when We took your pledge and exalted you on the Mount
(saying ) “Hold fast to what We have given you, firmly, and pay heed,” you
said: “We have heard and will not obey.” (The image of) the calf had sunk
deep into their hearts on account of unbelief. Say: “Vile is your belief if you
are believers indeed!”
94. Tell them: “If you think you alone will abide with God to the exclusion of
the rest of Mankind, in the mansions of the world to come, then wish for death
if what you say is true.”
95. But they will surely not wish for death because of what they had done in
the past; and God knows the sinners well.
96. You will see they are covetous of life more than other men, even more than
those who practise idolatry. Each one of them desires to live a thousand years,
although longevity will never save them from punishment, for God sees all
they do.
97. Say: “Whosoever is the enemy of Gabriel who revealed the word of God to
you by the dispensation of God, reaffirming what had been revealed before,
and is a guidance and good news for those who believe, –
98. Whosoever is the enemy of God and His angels and apostles, and of
Gabriel and Michael, then God is the enemy of such unbelievers.”
99. We have sent clear signs to you, such as none can deny except those who
transgress the truth.
100. And every time they made a pledge some of them pushed it aside, and
many of them do not believe.
101. When a messenger was sent to them by God affirming the Books they had
already received, some of them put (His message) behind their backs as if they
had no knowledge of it.
102. And they follow what devilish beings used to chant against the authority
of Solomon, though Solomon never disbelieved and only the devils denied,
who taught sorcery to men, which, they said, had been revealed to the angels of
Babylon, Harut and Marut, who, however, never taught it without saying: “We have been sent to deceive you, so do not renounce (your faith).” They learnt
what led to discord between husband and wife. Yet they could not harm any
one or without the dispensation of God. And they learnt what harmed them and
brought no gain. They knew indeed whoever bought this had no place in the
world to come, and that surely they had sold themselves for something that
was vile. If only they had sense!
103. Had they come to believe instead, and taken heed for themselves, they
would surely have earned from God a far better reward. If only they had sense!
104. Say not (to the Prophet), O Believers: “Have regard for us (ra’ina),” but
“look at us (unzurna),” and obey him in what he says. Painful is the nemesis
for disbelievers.
105. Those without faith among the people of the Book, and those who
worship idols, do not wish that good should come to you from your Lord. But
God chooses whom He likes for His grace; and the bounty of God is infinite.
106. When We cancel a message (sent to an earlier prophet) or throw it into
oblivion, We replace it with one better or one similar. Do you not know that
God has power over all things?
107. Do you not know that God’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth,
and that there is none to save and protect you apart from God?
108. Do you too, O believers, wish to question your Apostle as Moses was in
the past? But he who takes unbelief in exchange for belief only strays from the
right path.
109. How many of the followers of the Books having once known the truth
desire in their hearts, out of envy, to turn you into infidels again even after the
truth has become clear to them! But you forbear and overlook till God fulfil
His plan; and God has power over all things.
110. Fulfil your devotional obligations and pay the zakat. And what you send
ahead of good you will find with God, for He sees all that you do ill.
111. And they say: “None will go to Paradise but the Jews and the Christians;”
but this is only wishful thinking. Say: “Bring the proof if you are truthful.”
112. Only he who surrenders to God with all his heart and also does good, will
find his reward with his Lord, and will have no fear or regret.
113. The Jews say: “The Christians are not right,” and the Christians say: “The
Jews are in the wrong;” yet both read the Scriptures; and this is what the
unread had said too. God alone will judge between them in their differences on
the Day of Reckoning.
114. And who is more unjust than he who prohibits the name of God being
used in His mosques, who hurries to despoil them even though he has no right
to enter them except in reverence? For them is ignominy in the world and
severe punishment in the life to come.
115. To God belong the East and the West. Wherever you turn the glory of
God is everywhere: All-pervading is He and all-knowing.
116. Yet they say that God has begotten a son. May He be praised! Indeed
everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him, and all are obedient to
117. Creator of the heavens and the earth from nothingness, He has only to say
when He wills a thing: “Be”, and it is.
118. But those who are ignorant say: “Why does God not speak or show us a
sign?” The same question had been asked by men before them, who were like
them in their hearts. But to those who are firm in their faith We have shown Our signs already.
119. And We have sent you with the truth to give glad tidings and to warn.
You will not be questioned about those and who are inmates of Hell.
120. The Jews and Christians will never be pleased with you until you follow
their way. Say: “God’s guidance alone is true guidance;” for if you give in to
their wishes after having received the (Book of) knowledge from God, then
none will you have as friend or helper to save you.
121. Those to whom We have sent down the Book, and who read it as it should
be read, believe in it truly; but those who deny it will be losers.
122. O children of Israel, remember the favours I bestowed on you, and made
you exalted among the nations of the world.
123. Fear the day when no man will stand up for man in the least, and no
ransom avail nor intercession matter nor help reach.
124. Remember, when his Lord tried Abraham by a number of commands
which he fulfilled, God said to him: “I will make you a leader among men.”
And when Abraham asked: “From my progeny too?” the Lord said: “My
pledge does not include transgressors.”
125. Remember, We made the House (of Ka’bah) a place of congregation and
safe retreat, and said: “Make the spot where Abraham stood the place of
worship;” and enjoined upon Abraham and Ishmael to keep Our House
immaculate for those who shall walk around it and stay in it for contemplation
and prayer, and for bowing in adoration.
126. And when Abraham said: “O Lord, make this a city of peace, and give
those of its citizens who believe in God and the Last Day fruits for food,” He
answered: “To those will I also give a little who believe not, for a time, then
drag them to Hell, a dreadful destination!”
127. And when Abraham was raising the plinth of the House with Ishmael, (he
prayed): “Accept this from us, O Lord, for You hear and know everything;
128. And make us submit, O Lord, to Your will, and our progeny a people
submissive to You. Teach us the way of worship and forgive our trespasses, for
You are compassionate and merciful;
129. And send to them, O Lord, an apostle from among them to impart Your
messages to them, and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and correct them
in every way; for indeed You are mighty and wise.
130. Who will turn away from the creed of Abraham but one dull of soul? We
made him the chosen one here in the world, and one of the best in the world to
131. (For) when his Lord said to him: “Obey,” he replied: “I submit to the Lord
of all the worlds.”
132. And Abraham left this legacy to his sons, and to Jacob, and said: “O my
sons, God has chosen this as the faith for you. Do not die but as those who
have submitted (to God).”
133. Were you present at the hour of Jacob’s death? “What will you worship
after me?” he asked his sons, and they answered: “We shall worship your God
and the God of your fathers, of Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, the one and
only God; and to Him we submit.”
134. Those were the people, and they have passed away. Theirs the reward for
what they did, as yours will be for what you do. You will not be questioned
about their deeds.
135. They say: “Become Jews or become Christians, and find the right way.” Say: “No. We follow the way of Abraham the upright, who was not an
136. Say: “We believe in God and what has been sent down to us, and what
had been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their
progeny, and that which was given to Moses and Christ, and to all other
prophets by the Lord. We make no distinction among them, and we submit to
137. If they come to believe as you did, they will find the right path. If they
turn away then they will only oppose; but God will suffice you against them,
for God hears all and knows everything.
138. “We have taken the colouring of God; and whose shade is better than
God’s? Him alone we worship.”
139. Say: “Why do you dispute with us about God when He is equally your
Lord and our Lord? To us belong our actions, to you yours; and we are true to
140. Or do you claim that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their
offspring were Jews or Christians? Say: “Have you more knowledge than
God?” Who is more wicked than he who conceals the testimony he received
from God? God is not unaware of all you do.
141. They were the people, and they have passed away. Theirs the reward for
what they did, as yours will be for what you do. You will not be questioned
about their deeds.
142. The foolish will now ask and say: “What has made the faithful turn away
from the Qiblah towards which they used to pray?” Say: “To God belong the
East and the West. He guides who so wills to the path that is straight.”
143. We have made you a temperate people that you act as witness over man,
and the Prophet as witness over you. We decreed the Qiblah which you faced
before that We may know who follow the Apostle and who turn away in haste.
And this was a hard (test) except for those who were guided by God. But God
will not suffer your faith to go waste, for God is to men full of mercy and
144. We have seen you turn your face to the heavens. We shall turn you to a
Qiblah that will please you. So turn towards the Holy Mosque, and turn
towards it wherever you be. And those who are recipients of the Book surely
know that this is the truth from their Lord; and God is not negligent of all that
you do.
145. Even though you bring all the proof to the people of the Book they will
not face the direction you turn to, nor you theirs, nor will they follow each
other’s direction. And if you follow their whims after all the knowledge that
has reached you, then surely you will be among transgressors.
146. Those to whom We have sent down the Book know this even as they
know their sons. Yet a section among them conceals the truth knowingly.
147. The truth is from your Lord, so be not among those who are sceptics.
148. Each has a goal to which he turns. So strive towards piety and excel the
others: God will bring you all together wheresoever you be. God has power
over everything.
149. Wherever you come from turn towards the Holy Mosque: This in truth is
from your Lord. God is not negligent of all you do.
150. Whichever place you come from turn towards the Holy Mosque, and
wherever you are, turn your faces towards it so that people may have no cause for argument against you, except such among them as are wicked. But do not
fear them, fear Me that I may accomplish My favours on you, and you may
find the right way perchance.
151. Even as We sent a messenger from among you to convey Our messages to
you and cleanse you, and teach you the Book and the wisdom, and what you
did not know;
152. So, therefore, remember Me, and I shall remember you; and give thanks
and do not be ungrateful.
153. O you who believe, seek courage in fortitude and prayer, for God is with
those who are patient and persevere.
154. Do not say that those who are killed in the way of God, are dead, for
indeed they are alive, even though you are not aware.
155. Be sure We shall try you with something of fear and hunger and loss of
wealth and life and the fruits (of your labour); but give tidings of happiness to
those who have patience,
156. Who say when assailed by adversity: “Surely we are for God, and to Him
we shall return.”
157. On such men are the blessings of God and His mercy, for they are indeed
on the right path.
158. Truly Safa and Marwa are the symbols of God. Whoever goes on
pilgrimage to the House (of God), or on a holy visit, is not guilty of wrong if
he walk around them; and he who does good of his own accord will find
appreciation with God who knows everything.
159. They who conceal Our signs and the guidance We have sent them and
have made clear in the Book, are condemned of God and are condemned by
those who are worthy of condemning.
160. But those who repent and reform and proclaim (the truth), are forgiven,
for I am forgiving and merciful.
161. But those who deny, and die disbelieving, bear the condemnation of God
and the angels and that of all men,
162. Under which they will live, and their suffering will neither decrease nor
be respite for them.
163. Your God is one God; there is no god other than He, the compassionate,
164. Creation of the heavens and the earth, alternation of night and day, and
sailing of ships across the ocean with what is useful to man, and the rain that
God sends from the sky enlivening the earth that was dead, and the scattering
of beasts of all kinds upon it, and the changing of the winds, and the clouds
which remain obedient between earth and sky, are surely signs for the wise.
165. And yet there are men who take others as compeers of God, and bestow
on them love due to God; but the love of the faithful for God is more intense. If
only the wicked could see now the agony that they will behold (on the Day of
Resurrection), they will know that to God belongs the power entirely’. And the
punishment of God is severe.
166. When those who were followed will disclaim those who followed them,
and see the torment all ties between them shall be severed,
167. And the followers will say: “Could we live but once again we would leave
them as they have abandoned us now.” God will show them thus their deeds,
and fill them with remorse; but never shall they find release from the Fire.
O men, eat only the things of the earth that are lawful and good. Do not walk in the footsteps of Satan, your acknowledged enemy.
169. He will ask you to indulge in evil, indecency, and to speak lies of God
you cannot even conceive.
170. When it is said to them: “Follow what God has revealed,” they reply: “No,
we shall follow only what our fathers had practiced,” — even though their
fathers had no wisdom or guidance!
171. The semblance of the infidels is that of a man who shouts to one that
cannot hear more than a call and a cry. They are deaf, dumb and blind, and
they fail to understand.
172. O believers, eat what is good of the food We have given you, and be
grateful to God, if indeed you are obedient to Him.
173. Forbidden to you are carrion and blood, and the flesh of the swine, and
that which has been consecrated (or killed) in the name of any other than God.
If one is obliged by necessity to eat it without intending to transgress, or
reverting to it, he is not guilty of sin; for God is forgiving and kind.
174. Those who conceal any part of the Scriptures that God has revealed, and
thus make a little profit thereby, take nothing but fire as food; and God will not
turn to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor nourish them for growth; and
their doom will be painful.
175. They are those who bartered away good guidance for error, and pardon
for punishment: How great is their striving for the Fire
176. That is because God has revealed the Book containing the truth; but those
who are at variance about it have gone astray in their contrariness.
177. Piety does not lie in turning your face to East or West: Piety lies in
believing in God, the Last Day and the angels, the Scriptures and the prophets,
and disbursing your wealth out of love for God among your kin and the
orphans, the wayfarers and mendicants, freeing the slaves, observing your
devotional obligations, and in paying the zakat and fulfilling a pledge you have
given, and being patient in hardship, adversity, and times of peril. These are
the men who affirm the truth, and they are those who follow the straight path.
178. O believers, ordained for you is retribution for the murdered, (whether) a
free man (is guilty) of (the murder of) a free man, or a slave of a slave, or a
woman of a woman. But he who is pardoned some of it by his brother should
be dealt with equity, and recompense (for blood) paid with a grace. This is a
concession from your Lord and a kindness. He who transgresses in spite of it
shall suffer painful punishment.
179. In retribution there is life (and preservation). O men of sense, you may
haply take heed for yourselves.
180. It is ordained that when any one of you nears death, and he owns goods
and chattels, he should bequeath them equitably to his parents and next of kin.
This is binding on those who are upright and fear God.
181. And any one who changes the will, having heard it, shall be guilty and
accountable; for God hears all and knows everything.
182. He who suspects wrong or partiality on the part of the testator and brings
about a settlement, does not incure any guilt, for God is verily forgiving and
183. O believers, fasting is enjoined on you as it was on those before you, so
that you might become righteous.
184. Fast a (fixed) number of days, but if someone is ill or is travelling (he
should complete) the number of days (he had missed); and those who find it hard to fast should expiate by feeding a poor person. For the good they do with
a little hardship is better for men. And if you fast it is good for you, if you
185. Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance to
man and clear proof of the guidance, and criterion (of falsehood and truth). So
when you see the new moon you should fast the whole month; but a person
who is ill or travelling (and fails to do so) should fast on other days, as God
wishes ease and not hardship for you, so that you complete the (fixed) number
(of fasts), and give glory to God for the guidance, and be grateful.
186. When My devotees enquire of you about Me, I am near, and answer the
call of every supplicant when he calls. It behoves them to hearken to Me and
believe in Me that they may follow the right path.
187. You are allowed to sleep with your wives on the nights of the fast: They
are your dress as you are theirs. God is aware you were cheating yourselves, so
He turned to you and pardoned you. So now you may have intercourse with
them, and seek what God has ordained for you. Eat and drink until the white
thread of dawn appears clear from the dark line, then fast until the night falls;
and abstain from your wives (when you have decided) to stay in the mosques
for assiduous devotion. These are the bounds fixed by God, so keep well
within them. So does God make His signs clear to men that they may take heed
for themselves.
188. And do not consume each other’s wealth in vain, nor offer it to men in
authority with intent of usurping unlawfully and knowingly a part of the wealth
of others.
189. They ask you of the new moons. Say: “These are periods set for men (to
reckon) time, and for pilgrimage.” Piety does not lie in entering the house
through the back door, for the pious man is he who follows the straight path.
Enter the house through the main gate, and obey God. You may haply find
190. Fight those in the way of God who fight you, but do not be aggressive:
God does not like aggressors.
191. And fight those (who fight you) wheresoever you find them, and expel
them from the place they had turned you out from. Oppression is worse than
killing. Do not fight them by the Holy Mosque unless they fight you there. If
they do, then slay them: Such is the requital for unbelievers.
192. But if they desist, God is forgiving and kind.
193. Fight them till sedition comes to end, and the law of God (prevails). If
they desist, then cease to be hostile, except against those who oppress.
194. (Fighting during) the holy month (if the sanctity) of the holy month (is
violated) is (just) retribution. So if you are oppressed, oppress those who
oppress you to the same degree, and fear God, and know that God is with those
who are pious and follow the right path.
195. Spend in the way of God, and do not seek destruction at your own hands.
So do good for God loves those who do good.
196. Perform the pilgrimage and holy visit (‘Umra, to Makkah) in the service
of God. But if you are prevented, send an offering which you can afford as
sacrifice, and do not shave your heads until the offering has reached the place
of sacrifice. But if you are sick or have ailment of the scalp (preventing the
shaving of hair), then offer expiation by fasting or else giving alms or a
sacrificial offering. When you have security, then those of you who wish to perform the holy visit along with the pilgrimage, should make a sacrifice
according to their means. But he who has nothing, should fast for three days
during the pilgrimage and seven on return, completing ten. This applies to him
whose family does not live near the Holy Mosque. Have fear of God, and
remember that God is severe in punishment.
197. Known are the months of pilgrimage. If one resolves to perform the
pilgrimage in these months, let him not indulge in concupiscence, sin or
quarrel. And the good you do shall be known to God. Provide for the journey,
and the best of provisions is piety. O men of understanding, obey Me.
198. It is no sin to seek the favours of your Lord (by trading). When you start
from ‘Arafat in a concourse, remember God at the monument that is sacred (alMash’ar al-haram), and remember Him as He has shown you the way, for in
the olden days you we’re a people astray.
199. Then move with the crowd impetuously, and pray God to forgive you
your sins. God is surely forgiving and kind.
200. When you have finished the rites and ceremonies, remember God as you
do your fathers, in fact with a greater devotion. There are some who say: “Give
us, O Lord, in the world;” but they will forego their share in the life to come.
201. But some there are who pray: “Give us of good in the world, O Lord, and
give us of good in the life to come, and suffer us not to suffer the torment of
202. They are those who will surely have their share of whatsoever they have
earned; for God is swift at the reckoning.
203. Remember God during the stated days; but if a person comes away after
two days, it will not be a sin; and if one tarries, he will not transgress, if he
keep away from evil. Follow the law of God, and remember that you will have
to gather before Him in the end.
204. There is a man who talks well of the world to your pleasing, and makes
God witness to what is in his heart, yet he is the most contentious;
205. For when his back is turned he goes about spreading disorder in the land,
destroying fields and flocks; but God does not love disorder.
206. Whenever he is told: “Obey God,” his arrogance leads him to more sin;
and sufficient for him shall be Hell: How evil a place of wide expanse!
207. And there is a man who is willing to sell even his soul to win the favour
of God; and God is compassionate to His creatures.
208. O believers, come to full submission to God. Do not follow in the
footsteps of Satan your acknowledged foe.
209. If you falter even after Our signs have reached you, then do not forget that
God is all-powerful and all-wise.
210. Are they waiting for God to appear in the balconies of clouds with a host
of angels, and the matter to be settled? But all things rest with God in the end.
211. Ask the children of Israel how many a clear sign We had given them. But
if one changes the favour of God after having received it, then remember, God
is severe in revenge.
212. Enamoured are the unbelievers of the life of this world, and scoff at the
faithful. But those who keep from evil and follow the straight path will have a
higher place than they on the Day of Reckoning; for God gives in measure
without number whomsoever He will.
213. Men belonged to a single community, and God sent them messengers to
give them happy tidings and warnings, and sent the Book with them containing the truth to judge between them in matters of dispute; but only those who
received it differed after receiving clear proofs, on account of waywardness
(and jealousies) among them. Then God by His dispensation showed those
who believed the way to the truth about which they were differing; for God
shows whom He please the path that is straight.
214. Do you think you will find your way to Paradise even though you have
not known what the others before you have gone through? They had suffered
affliction and loss, and were shaken and tossed about so that even the Apostle
had to cry out with his followers: “When will the help of God arrive?”
Remember, the help of God is ever at hand.
215. They ask you of what they should give in charity. Tell them: “What you
can spare of your wealth as should benefit the parents, the relatives, the
orphans, the needy, the wayfarers, for God is not unaware of the good deeds
that you do.”
216. Enjoined on you is fighting, and this you abhor. You may dislike a thing
yet it may be good for you; or a thing may haply please you but may be bad for
you. Only God has knowledge, and you do not know.
217. They ask you of war in the holy month. Tell them: “To fight in that month
is a great sin. But a greater sin in the eyes of God is to hinder people from the
way of God, and not to believe in Him, and to bar access to the Holy Mosque
and turn people out of its precincts; and oppression is worse than killing. They
will always seek war against you till they turn you away from your faith, if
they can. But those of you who turn back on their faith and die disbelieving
will have wasted their deeds in this world and the next. They are inmates of
Hell, and shall there abide for ever.
218. Surely those who believe, and those who leave their homes and fight in
the way of God, may hope for His benevolence, for God is forgiving and kind.
219. They ask you of (intoxicants,) wine and gambling. Tell them: “There is
great enervation though profit in them for men; but their enervation is greater
than benefit. And they ask you what they should give. Tell them: “The utmost
you can spare.” So does God reveal His signs: You may haply reflect
220. On this world and the next. And they ask you about the orphans. Tell
them: “Improving their lot is much better; and if you take interest in their
affairs, they are your brethren; and God is aware who are corrupt and who are
honest; and if He had pleased He could surely have imposed on you hardship,
for God is all-powerful and all-wise.
221. Do not marry idolatrous women unless they join the faith. A maid servant
who is a believer is better than an idolatress even though you may like her.
And do not marry your daughters to idolaters until they accept the faith. A
servant who is a believer is better than an idolater even though you may like
him. They invite you to Hell, but God calls you to Paradise and pardon by His
grace. And He makes His signs manifest that men may haply take heed.
222. They ask you about menstruation. Tell them: “This is a period of stress.
So keep away from women in this state till they are relieved of it. When they
are free of it, you may go to them as God has enjoined. For God loves those
who seek pardon, and those who are clean.”
223. Women are like fields for you; so seed them as you intend, but plan the
future in advance. And fear God, and remember, you have to face Him in the
end. So convey glad tidings to those who believe.
224. Do not implicate God in your oaths to avoid doing good and being pious and keeping peace among men, for God hears all and knows everything.
225. God will not call you to account for that which is senseless in your oaths,
but only for what is in your hearts; for God is forgiving and forbearing.
226. Those who swear to keep away from their wives (with intent of divorcing
them) have four months of grace; then if they reconcile (during this period),
surely God is forgiving and kind.
227. And if they are bent on divorce, God hears all and knows everything.
228. Women who are divorced have to wait for three monthly periods, and if
they believe in God and the Last Day they must not hide unlawfully what God
has formed within their wombs. Their husbands would do well to take them
back in that case, if they wish to be reconciled. Women also have recognised
rights as men have, though men have an edge over them. But God is all-mighty
and all-wise.
229. Divorce is (revokable) two times (after pronouncement), after which
(there are two ways open for husbands), either (to) keep (the wives)
honourably, or part with them in a decent way. You are not allowed to take
away the least of what you have given your wives, unless both of you fear that
you would not be able to keep within the limits set by God. If you fear you
cannot maintain the bounds fixed by God, there will be no blame on either if
the woman redeems herself. Do not exceed the limits of God, for those who
exceed the bounds set by God are transgressors.
230. If a man divorces her again (a third time), she becomes unlawful for him
(and he cannot remarry her) until she has married another man. Then if he
divorces her there is no harm if the two unite again if they think they will keep
within the bounds set by God and made clear for those who understand.
231. When you have divorced your wives, and they have reached the end of
the period of waiting, then keep them honourably (by revoking the divorce), or
let them go with honour, and do not detain them with the intent of harassing
lest you should transgress. He who does so will wrong himself. Do not mock
the decrees of God, and remember the favours God has bestowed on you, and
revealed to you the Book and the Law to warn you of the consequences of
doing wrong. Have fear of God, and remember, God is cognisant of
232. When you have divorced your wives and they have completed the fixed
term (of waiting), do not stop them from marrying other men if it is agreed
between them honourably. This warning is for those among you who believe in
God and the Last Day. This is both proper and right for you, for God knows
and you do not know.
233. The mothers should suckle their babies for a period of two years for those
(fathers) who wish that they should complete the suckling, in which case they
should feed them and clothe them in a befitting way; but no soul should be
compelled beyond capacity, neither the mother made to suffer for the child nor
the father for his offspring. The same holds good for the heir of the father (if he
dies). If they wish to wean the child by mutual consent there is no harm. And if
you wish to engage a wet nurse you may do so if you pay her an agreed
amount as is customary. But fear God, and remember that God sees all that you
234. Wives of men who die among you should wait (after their husbands
death) for four months and ten days; and when the term is over there is no sin
if they do what they like with themselves honourably, for God is aware of all that you do.
235. There is no harm in proposing in secret to (any of) these women, or
keeping the intention to yourself: God is aware that you will keep them in
mind. Yet do not make a promise in secret, unless you speak in a manner that
is proper; and do not resolve upon marriage till the fixed term of waiting is
over. Remember that God knows what is in your hearts; so be fearful of Him,
and remember that God is forgiving and forbearing.
236. There is no sin in divorcing your wives before the consummation of
marriage or settling the dowry; but then provide adequately for them, the
affluent according to their means, the poor in accordance with theirs as is
befitting. This is surely the duty of those who do good.
237. And if you divorce them before the consummation of marriage, but after
settling the dowry, then half the settled dowry must be paid, unless the woman
forgoes it, or the person who holds the bond of marriage pays the full amount.
And if the man pays the whole, it is nearer to piety. But do not forget to be
good to each other, and remember that God sees all that you do.
238. Be wakeful of your service of prayer, and the midmost service; and
honour God by standing before Him in devotion.
239. If you fear (war or danger), pray while standing or on horseback; but
when you have safety again remember God, for He taught you what you did
not know.
240. Those among you about to die leaving wives behind, should bequeath a
year’s maintenance and lodging for them, without expelling them from home.
But if they leave (of their own accord), you will not be blamed for what they
do with themselves in their own rights. God is all-mighty and all-wise.
241. Making a fair provision for women who are divorced is the duty of those
who are God-fearing and pious.
242. So does God pronounce His decrees that you may understand.
243. Have you never thought of men who went out of their homes as a measure
of safety against death, and they were thousands, to whom God said: “Die,”
then restored them to life? Indeed God bestows His blessings on men; only
most men are not grateful.
244. Fight in the way of God, and remember that God hears all and knows
245. Who will give a goodly loan to God which He might double many times?
For God withholds and enlarges, and to Him you will return.
246. Have you thought of the elders of Israel after Moses, and how they said to
their apostle: “Set up a king for us, then we shall fight in the way of God?” He
replied: “This too is possible that when commanded to fight you may not fight
at all.” They said: “How is it we should not fight in the way of God when we
have been driven from our homes and deprived of our Sons?” But when they
were ordered to fight they turned away, except for a few; yet God knows the
247. And when their prophet said to them: “God has raised Saul king over
you,” they said: “How can he be king over us when we have greater right to
kingship than he, for he does not even possess abundant wealth?” “God has
chosen him in preference to you,” said the prophet “and given him much more
wisdom and prowess; and God gives authority to whomsoever He will: God is
infinite and all-wise.”
248. Their prophet said to them: “The sign of his kingship will be that you will come to have a heart full of peace and tranquility from your Lord and the
legacy left by Moses’ and Aaron’s family supported by angels. This shall be a
token for you if you really believe.”
249. When Saul led his armies, he said: “God will test you by a stream.
Whoever drinks its water will not be of me; but those who do not drink shall be
on my side. The only exception will be those who scoop up a palmful of water
with their hands.” And but for a few they all drank of its water. When they had
crossed it, and those who believed with him, they said: “We have no strength
to combat Goliath and his forces today. But those who believed they have to
face their Lord, said: “Many a time has a small band defeated a large horde by
the will of God. God is with those who are patient (and persevere).”
250. And when they were facing Goliath and his hordes they prayed: “O Lord,
give us endurance and steady our steps, and help us against the deniers of
251. By the will of God they defeated them, and David killed Goliath, and God
gave him kingship and wisdom, and taught him whatsoever He pleased. If God
did not make men deter one another this earth would indeed be depraved. But
gracious is God to the people of the world.
252. These are the messages of God. We recite them to you in all truth, as
indeed you are one of the apostles.
253. Of all these apostles We have favoured some over the others. God has
addressed some of them, and the stations of some have been exalted over the
others. And to Jesus, son of Mary, We gave tokens, and reinforced him with
divine grace. If God had so willed those who came after them would never
have contended when clear signs had come to them. But dissensions arose,
some believed, some denied. And if God had willed they would never have
fought among themselves. But God does whatsoever He please.
254. O believers, expend of what We have given you before the day arrives on
which there will be no barter, and no friendship or intercession matter, and
those who are disbelievers will be sinners.
255. God: There is no god but He, the living, eternal, self-subsisting, ever
sustaining. Neither does somnolence affect Him nor sleep. To Him belongs all
that is in the heavens and the earth: and who can intercede with Him except by
His leave? Known to Him is all that is present before men and what is hidden
(in time past and time future), and not even a little of His knowledge can they
grasp except what He will. His seat extends over heavens and the earth, and He
tires not protecting them: He alone is all high and supreme.
256. There is no compulsion in matter of faith. Distinct is the way of guidance
now from error. He who turns away from the forces of evil and believes in
God, will surely hold fast to a handle that is strong and unbreakable, for God
hears all and knows everything.
257. God is the friend of those who believe, and leads them out of darkness
into light; but the patrons of infidels are idols and devils who lead them from
light into darkness. They are the residents of Hell, and will there for ever abide.
258. Have you thought of the man who argued with Abraham about his Lord
because God had given him a kingdom? When Abraham said: “My Lord is the
giver of life and death,” he replied: “I am the giver of life and death.” And
Abraham said: “God makes the sun rise from the East; so you make it rise from
the West,” and dumbfounded was the infidel. God does not guide those who
are unjust. 259. Or take the man who passed by a town which lay destroyed upside down.
He said: “How can God restore this city now that it is destroyed?” So God
made him die for a hundred years, then brought him back to life, and inquired:
“How long did you stay in this state?” “A day or less than a day,” he replied.
“No,” He said, “you were dead a hundred years, yet look at your victuals, they
have not decomposed; and look at your ass! We shall make you a warning for
men. And regard the bones, how We raise them and clothe them with flesh.”
When this became clear to him, the man said: “Indeed God has power over all
260. Remember, when Abraham said: “O Lord, show me how you raise the
dead,” He said: “What! Do you not believe?” “I do,” answered Abraham. “I
only ask for my heart’s assurance.” (The Lord) said: “Trap four birds and tame
them, then put each of them on a (separate) hill, and call them, and they will
come flying to you. Know that God is all-powerful and all-wise.”
261. The semblance of those who expend their wealth in the way of God is that
of a grain of corn from which grow seven ears, each ear containing a hundred
grains. Truly God increases for whomsoever He will, for God is infinite and
262. Those who spend in the way of God, and having spent do not boast or
give pain (by word or deed), will get their reward from their Lord, and will
neither have fear nor regret.
263. Saying a word that is kind, and forgiving is better than charity that hurts.
(Do not forget that) God is affluent and kind.
264. O believers, do not nullify your charity by giving to oblige and flaunting
(your favours) like a man who spends of his wealth only to show off, but does
not believe in God and the Last Day. His semblance is that of a rock covered
with earth which is washed away by rain exposing the hard rock bare. So they
gain nothing from their earnings. God does not guide a people who do not
265. But the semblance of those who expend their wealth to please God with
firm and resolute hearts, is like a garden on a height on which the rain falls and
it yields its fruits twice as much; and even if the rain does not fall the dew will
suffice. For God sees all that you do.
266. Does any of you wish to have an orchard full of date-palm trees and vines,
and streams of running water and fruits of all kinds, and then old age should
overtake him while his children are small, and a scorching whirlwind should
smite and burn it down? Thus God makes His signs clear to you that you may
267. O believers, give in charity what is good of the things you have earned,
and of what you produce from the earth; and do not choose to give what is bad
as alms, that is, things you would not like to accept yourself except with some
condescension. Remember that God is affluent and praiseworthy.
268. Satan threatens you with want, and orders you (to commit) shameful acts.
But God promises His pardon and grace, for God is bounteous and allknowing.
269. He gives wisdom to whomsoever He please; and those who are bestowed
wisdom get good in abundance. Yet none remembers this save men of wisdom.
270. Whatsoever you give away in alms or vow as offering, is all known to
God; but the wicked will have none to help them.
271. If you give alms openly, it is well; but if you do it secretly and give to the poor, that is better. This will absolve you of some of your sins; and God is
cognisant of all you do.
272. It is not for you to guide them: God guides whom He will. Whatever you
spend you will do so for yourself, for you will do so to seek the way that leads
to God; and what you spend in charity you will get back in full, and no wrong
will be done to you.
273. (Give to) the needy who are engaged in the service of God who are not
able to move about in the land, whom the ignorant consider to be affluent as
they refrain from asking. You can know them from their faces for they do not
ask of men importunately. God is surely cognisant of good things that you
274. Those who spend of their wealth in the way of God, day and night, in
secret or openly, have their reward with their Lord, and have nothing to fear or
275. Those who live on usury will not rise (on Doomsday) but like a man
possessed of the devil and demented. This because they say that trading is like
usury. But trade has been sanctioned and usury forbidden by God. Those who
are warned by their Lord and desist will keep (what they have taken of interest)
already, and the matter will rest with God. But those who revert to it again are
the residents of Hell where they will abide for ever.
276. God takes away (gain) from usury, but adds (profit) to charity; and God
does not love the ungrateful and sinners.
277. Those who believe and do good deeds, and fulfil their devotional
obligations and pay the zakat, have their reward with their Lord, and will have
neither fear nor regret.
278. O believers, fear God and forego the interest that is owing, if you really
279. If you do not, beware of war on the part of God and His Apostle. But if
you repent, you shall keep your principal. Oppress none and no one will
oppress you.
280. If a debtor is in want, give him time until his circumstances improve; but
if you forego (the debt) as charity, that will be to your good, if you really
281. Have fear of the day when you go back to God. Then each will be paid
back in full his reward, and no one will be wronged.
282. O believers, when you negotiate a debt for a fixed term , draw up an
agreement in writing, though better it would be to have a scribe write it
faithfully down; and no scribe should refuse to write as God has taught him,
and write what the borrower dictates, and have fear of God, his Lord, and not
leave out a thing. If the borrower is deficient of mind or infirm, or unable to
explain, let the guardian explain judiciously; and have two of your men to act
as witnesses; but if two men are not available, then a man and two women you
approve, so that in case one of them is confused the other may prompt her.
When the witnesses are summoned they should not refuse (to come). But do
not neglect to draw up a contract, big or small, with the time fixed for paying
back the debt. This is more equitable in the eyes of God, and better as evidence
and best for avoiding doubt. But if it is a deal about some merchandise
requiring transaction face to face, there is no harm if no (contract is drawn up)
in writing. Have witnesses to the deal, (and make sure) that the scribe or the
witness is not harmed. If he is, it would surely be sinful on your part. And have fear of God, for God gives you knowledge, and God is aware of everything.
283. If you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, pledge your goods
(against the Loan); and if one trusts the other, then let him who is trusted
deliver the thing entrusted, and have fear of God, his Lord. Do not suppress
any evidence, for he who conceals evidence is sinful of heart; and God is
aware of all you do.
284. To God belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth; and whether you
reveal what is in your heart or conceal it, you will have to account for it to God
who will pardon whom He please and punish whom He will, for God has the
power over all things.
285. The Prophet believes in what has been revealed to him by his Lord, and so
do the faithful. Each one believes in God and His angels, His Books and the
prophets, and We make no distinction between the apostles. For they say: “We
hear and obey, and we seek Your forgiveness, O Lord, for to You we shall
journey in the end.”
286. God does not burden a soul beyond capacity. Each will enjoy what (good)
he earns, as indeed each will suffer from (the wrong) he does.
Punish us not, O Lord, if we fail to remember or lapse into error. Burden us
not, O Lord, with a burden as You did those before us. Impose not upon us a
burden, O Lord, we cannot carry. Overlook our trespasses and forgive us, and
have mercy upon us; You are our Lord and Master, help us against the clan of


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