28 The History
Al-Qasas: Makki
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In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
TA SIN MIM.
2. These are the verses of the illuminating Book.
3. We narrate to you from the history of Moses and Pharaoh in all verity, for
those who believe.
4. The Pharaoh had become high and mighty in the land, and divided the
people into different classes, and impoverished one class, slaying its males and
sparing its women, for he was indeed a tyrant.
5. We wished to favour those who were weak in the land and make them leaders and heirs,
6. And establish them in the country; and to make the Pharaoh, Haman and
their hordes beware of what they feared from them.
7. So We conveyed to the mother of Moses: “Suckle him. If you are afraid for
him, cast him in the river without any fear or regret, for We shall restore him to
you, and make him an apostle.”
8. Then he was picked up by the family of Pharaoh (unaware) that he would
become their enemy and a cause for regret. Surely the Pharaoh, Haman and
their hordes were habitual sinners.
9. The Pharaoh’s wife said: “He will be a comfort to me and to you. Do not kill
him. He may well be of some advantage to us, or we may adopt him as a son.”
They were not aware (of what the future held in store).
10. The mother of Moses was perturbed in the morning. Had We not
strengthened her heart to remain a believer she had almost given him away.
11. She told his sister: “Follow him.” So she kept an eye on him from a
distance, unbeknown to them.
12. We made (Moses) refuse a wet nurse. So his sister said: “Should I tell you
of a household that could bring him up for you and take care of him?”
13. Thus We restored him to his mother that she may be tranquil and not
grieve, and know that the promise of God is true, though most men do not
know.
14. When he had grown up to full maturity, We gave him wisdom and
knowledge. Thus do We recompense the doers of good.
15. He came to the city when the people were in a care-free mood, and saw
two men quarrelling, one belonging to his community, the other to his enemies.
The man who belonged to his community appealed for help against the one
who belonged to the enemies. Moses struck him a blow with his fist and
finished him off. “This is of Satan’s doing,” he said. “He is certainly an enemy
and a corrupter.”
16. “O Lord,” he prayed, “I have done wrong, forgive me.” And God forgave
him. Verily He is forgiving and kind.
17. (Moses) said: “O Lord, as You have been gracious to me I will never aid
the guilty.”
18. In the morning he came to the city, fearful and hesitant. Just then he who
had asked him for help the day before called out for help (again). “You are
indeed a meddlesome fellow,” Moses said to him.
19. Then as he was about to lay hands on the one who was their common
enemy, he cried out: “O Moses, do you want to kill me as you killed that
person yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land and no
peacemaker.”
20. There came a man running from the other part of the city. “O Moses,” he
said, “the chiefs are deliberating to kill you. Go away from the city. I wish you
well.”
21. So he left the city, fearful and hesitant, (and) prayed: “O Lord, deliver me
from these wicked people.”
22. Then as he turned his face to Midian, he said: “Maybe my Lord will show
me the right way.”
23. And when he came to the waters of Midian he found a crowd of people
watering (their flocks), and saw two maidens holding back (their cattle). He
asked: “What is the trouble with you?” They said: “We cannot water our flock till the shepherds have driven away theirs, and our father is a very old man.”
24. So he watered (their flock), and moved into the shade and prayed: “My
Lord, I have need of whatever good you send me.”
25. Then one of the (maidens) came to him walking bashfully, (and) said: “My
father invites you that he may repay you for having watered our flock.” So,
when (Moses) came to him and told him his story, he said: “Have no fear. You
have escaped from the wicked people.”
26. Said one of the maidens: “O father, employ him. Surely the best (man) to
employ is one who is strong and honest.”
27. He said: “I would like to marry one of these two daughters of mine to you
if you agree to work for me on hire for eight years. And if you stay on for ten,
it is up to you. I do not wish to impose any hardship on you. God willing you
will find me a man of honour.”
28. (Moses) said: “This is (agreed) between you and me. Whichever term I
fulfil, no injustice will be done to me. God is witness to our agreement.”
29. When Moses had fulfilled the term and was journeying with his family, he
noticed a fire on the side of the mountain. “Wait here,” he said to his family; “I
have seen a fire. I may haply bring some news from there, or an ember that you
may warm yourselves.”
30. When he drew near, a voice called out to him from the tree on the blessed
spot on the right side of the valley: “O Moses, I am verily God, the Lord of all
the worlds.
31. Throw down your staff.” When he saw it wriggling like a serpent, he
turned about and fled without turning. “O Moses, approach,” (said the Voice),
“and have no fear. You will be safe.
32. Put your hand inside your shirt. It will come out white without a tarnish of
blame; and do not be perturbed or afraid. These are two proofs from your Lord
for the Pharaoh and his nobles. They are certainly a rebellious people.”
33. He said: “O Lord, I have killed a man of theirs, and fear they would kill
me.
34. So send my brother Aaron with me as helper for he is more fluent than I
with words, that he should affirm me, for I fear that they would call me a liar.”
35. (And) God said: “We shall strengthen your arm with your brother, and give
you power with Our signs and give you authority, so that they will not be able
to harm you. Both of you and your followers will be victorious.”
36. But when Moses came to them with Our clear signs they said: “This is
nothing but magic he has contrived, for we have not heard of this from our
fathers of old.”
37. But Moses said: “My Lord knows well who has come with guidance from
Him, and for whom is the guerdon of Paradise. But surely the wicked will not
prosper.”
38. The Pharaoh said: “O nobles, I am not aware of any other lord of yours but
myself. So, O Haman, fire some clay (bricks) to build a tower for me that I
may mount up (and see) the God of Moses; for I think he is a liar.”
39. He and his soldiers had become arrogant in the land for no reason, and did
not think that they have to come back to Us in the end.
40. So We seized him and his hordes and threw them into the sea. Behold then
how was the end of the wicked!
41. We made them the leaders of those who call to Hell; and on the Day of
Judgement they will not be helped. 42. A curse lies upon them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they
will be despised.
43. After We had destroyed the earlier generations We gave Moses the Book
as evidence for mankind, and a guidance and grace, so that they may
remember.
44. You were not there on the western side (of Mount Sinai) when We gave the
commandments to Moses, nor were you witness (to the event).
45. We raised (many more) generations and prolonged their lives. You did not
live with the people of Midian, nor recited to them Our revelations; but We
kept on sending messengers.
46. You were not present on the side of Mount Sinai when We called. And all
this (knowledge that you are given) is by the grace of your Lord so that you
may warn a people to whom no admonisher had come before you, that they
may take heed;
47. And in case disaster comes upon them for what they have done themselves,
they should say: “O Lord, why did You not send an apostle to us that we
should have followed Your commands, and been with those who are
believers;”
48. But when the truth came to them from Us, they said: “Why is he not given
the like of what was given to Moses?” Did they not disbelieve before in what
was given to Moses? They said: “Both are imposters one like the other,” and
added: “We do not believe in either.”
49. Say: “Then bring a Book from God which gives better guidance than these
so that I may follow it, if you speak the truth.”
50. Then, if they cannot give you an answer, know that they are only following
their lusts. And who can be farther astray than he who follows his lust without
any guidance from God? And certainly God does not guide an unjust people.
51. We have been sending word to them that they may take a warning.
52. Those to whom We gave the Book before this do believe in it;
53. And when it is read out to them, say: “We believe in it. It’s the truth from
our Lord. We had committed ourselves before it came.”
54. These will be given their recompense twice, for they persevered and
repelled evil with good, and spent of what We had given them.
55. When they hear idle talk they turn aside and say: “To us our actions, to you
yours. Peace on you; we do not look for the ignorant.”
56. You cannot guide any one you like: God guides whosoever He please. He
knows best who will come to guidance.
57. They say: “If we followed your guidance we would be driven from the land
by force.” Have We not set up a sanctuary for them, to which is brought a
wealth of everything as provision from Us? But most of them do not
understand.
58. How many habitations that had come to boast of their resources have We
destroyed? These their dwellings were never inhabited except rarely after
them; and they came back to Us.
59. But your Lord does not destroy habitations without having sent an apostle
to their metropolis to read out Our commandments to them. We would never
have destroyed cities if their inhabitants were not given to wickedness.
60. Whatsoever has been given you is the stuff this life is made of, and only its
embellishment. What is with your Lord is better and abiding. Will you not
understand? 61. Can one who was given a better promise, which he will find come true, be
like him who was given a little enjoyment of this life, but who will afterwards
be brought (to judgement) on the Day of Resurrection?
62. That day God will call them and ask: “Where are they you imagined were
My compeers?”
63. Those against whom the sentence is justified will say: “O Lord, these are
those we had led astray as we had ourselves gone astray. We clear ourselves
before You: They never worshipped us.”
64. (The sinners) will be told: “Invoke your partners.” They will call on them,
but they will not answer; and they will see the torment (and wish) if only they
had come to guidance.
65. (God) will ask them on that day: “What answer did you give the apostles?”
66. Then all news will be blacked out for them, and they will not even ask one
another.
67. But he who repents and believes and does good things may well be among
the successful.
68. Your Lord creates what He wills and chooses. The good is not for them to
choose. Too holy and high is God for what they associate with Him.
69. Your Lord well knows what they hide in their breasts and what they
disclose.
70. He is God. There is no god but He. His alone is praise first and last, and
His the judgement, and to Him will you be brought back in the end.
71. Say: “Just think, if God were to cover you up with night for ever until the
Day of Doom, what other god apart from God will give you light? Why do you
not pay heed?”
72. Say: “Just think. If God were to make the day perpetual till the Day of
Resurrection, what other god but God would bring you night for rest? Why do
you not reflect?
73. Yet in His benevolence He made you night and day that you may rest and
seek His bounty during them, and haply maybe grateful.”
74. Upon a day He will call them and ask: “Where are they you imagined were
My compeers?”
75. And We shall single out one witness from each community and say: “Bring
your proof.” Then will they know that God’s is the judgement, and what they
contrived will avail them not in the least.
76. Verily Qarun was of Moses’ people, but he began to oppress them. We had
given him treasures, so many that a team of wrestlers could hardly lift their
keys. His people said to him: “Do not be exultant. God does not like those who
exult.
77. So seek the abode of the Hereafter through what God has given you, and do
not forget your part in this world. Do good to others as God has done good to
you, and do not try to spread corruption in the land. Surely God does not like
corrupters.”
78. He said: “This has come to me through my own acumen.” Did he not know
that God had destroyed many generations before him who possessed far more
acumen than he, and more wealth? The sinners will not be asked about their
sins.
79. Then he came before his people in all pomp; and those enamoured of this
world, said: “Ah would that we had what Qarun has been given! He indeed
possesses great good fortune.” 80. But those who knew better, said: “Alack-a-day! God’s guerdon is better for
those who believe and do the right. Only those who persevere will receive it.”
81. So We opened up the earth and sunk him and his mansion. There was not a
body that could help him against (the will) of God, nor was he able to save
himself.
82. Those who were envious of his position only yesterday said on the
morrow: “Indeed God increases the fortunes of those of His creatures as He
will, and decreases. Had God not been gracious to us He could have (opened
up) the earth and made it swallow us. Surely the infidels will not succeed.”
83. We shall give the mansion of the Hereafter to those who do not want to be
haughty in the land and spread corruption. The future belongs to those who
take heed for themselves and follow the straight path.
84. Whoever does good will receive better than what he has done; and whoever
does ill shall be requited but to the extent of what he does.
85. He who has assigned (the propagation) of the Qur’an to you will bring you
back to the destination. Say: “My Lord knows who has come to guidance, and
who is clearly in error.”
86. You did not expect that the Book would be given to you except by the
favour of your Lord. So do not be the helper of unbelievers,
87. Nor should you let them turn you away from the commandments of God
once they have been delivered to you; and call them to your Lord, and do not
be an idolater,
88. And do not call on any other god apart from God. There is no god but He.
All things will perish save His magnificence. His is the judgement, and to Him
will you be brought back in the end.

Source:studyquran.org


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