30 The Romans
Ar-Rum: Makki
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In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
ALIF LAM MIM.
2. The Romans have been conquered 3. In the neighbouring land. But having been conquered they will conquer
4. In a few years (less than ten). God’s is the imperative first and last. On that
day the believers will rejoice
5. In the help of God. He helps whom He will; He is all-mighty, ever-merciful.
6. It is a promise of God; and God does not go back on His promise. Yet most
men do not understand:
7. They only know the palpable life of this world, and are oblivious of the
Hereafter.
8. Do they not think for themselves that God did not create the heavens and the
earth and all that lies between them without reason and a determined purpose?
But many men reject the meeting with their Lord.
9. Have they not travelled on the earth and seen how the others before them
had met their end? They were far more powerful than them, furrowed the earth
and colonised it far more than they; and their apostles came to them with
visible signs. It was surely not for God to wrong them, they wronged
themselves.
10. Therefore evil was the end of those who did evil, for they denied the signs
of God and made fun of them. God originates creation, and then will revert it,
then you will go back to Him.
12. The day the Resurrection comes the sinners will be overwhelmed with
despair.
13. No intercessor will they have among those they associated (with God), and
will reject their partners.
14. The day the Hour comes they will be separated into categories.
15. Those who believed and did the right will be feasted in a rich, well-watered
meadow.
16. Those who did not believe and rejected Our signs and the meeting in the
Hereafter, will be given over to punishment.
17. So extol God when the evening comes and the day dawns,
18. For His is the praise in the heavens and the earth, — and at nightfall and the
time of noon.
19. He brings the living from the dead, the dead from the living, and quickens
the earth after it had died. So will you be brought forth (from the dead).
20. Among His signs is that He created you from the earth, and you are now
human beings dispersed everywhere.
21. Another of His signs is that He created mates of your own kind of
yourselves so that you may get peace of mind from them, and has put love and
compassion between you. Verily there are signs in this for those who reflect.
22. Among other signs of His is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and
the variety of your tongues and complexions. Surely there are signs in this for
those who understand.
23. Another of His signs is the night, a time for you to sleep, and the day to
seek His bounty. Verily there are signs in this for those who pay heed.
24. Another of His signs is the lightning He shows to fill you both with dread
and hope, and the water He sends down from the sky which reawakens the
earth that was dead. There are indeed signs in this for those who have sense.
25. Another of His signs is that the heavens and the earth stay in position by
His command; and then when He will call you once you will come out of the
earth.
26. All those who are in the heavens and the earth are His, and they are all obedient to Him.
27. It is He who first creates and then reverts it. This is how His law works
inevitably. His semblance is of the most sublime in the heavens and the earth.
He is all-mighty and all-wise.
28. He gives you an example from your own life: Do you possess among your
dependants any partners in what We have bestowed on you, so that you and
they have equal (share) in it, and that you fear them as you fear each other?
That is how We explain Our signs clearly for those who comprehend.
29. And yet the wicked follow their own lusts without understanding. Who can
show the way to those whom God allows to go astray? None will they have to
help them.
30. So keep yourself exclusively on the true way, the creational law of God
according to which He created man with the quality of choosing right or
wrong. There is no altering of God’s creation. This is the supreme law. But
most men do not understand.
31. Turn towards Him and be dutiful to Him; be firm in devotion, and do not
become an idolater,
32. (Or) one of those who created rifts in their order and are divided into sects,
with each group exulting in what it has (carved out for itself) –
33. When misfortune befalls men they pray to their Lord and turn to Him; but
afterwards when He has given them a taste of His benevolence a section of
them begins to ascribe compeers to their Lord
34. So as to deny what We have given them. Please yourselves for a time; you
will come to know soon.
35. Have We sent down a charter to them which mentions what they associate
with Him?
36. When We give men a taste of Our benevolence they start rejoicing in it.
When misfortune befalls them as a result of what they have done themselves,
they begin to despair.
37. Do they not see God increases or decreases the means of whosoever He
please? Verily there are signs in this for those who believe.
38. So, give their share to the relatives, the needy, and the wayfarers. This is
best for those who seek the way that leads to God, and they will be successful.
39. What you give on interest to increase (your capital) through others’ wealth,
does not find increase with God; yet what you give (in alms and charity) with a
pure heart, seeking the way of God, will be doubled.
40. It is God who created you, then gave you sustenance, then He will make
you die, and bring you back to life. Is there one among those you associate
with Him who can do the least of these things? Too high and exalted is He for
what they associate with Him!
41. Corruption has spread over land and sea from what men have done
themselves that they may taste a little of what they have done: They may haply
come back (to the right path).
42. Say: “Travel on the earth and see how came the end of those before you.”
Most of them were idolaters.
43. So set your face towards the straight path before the day arrives from God
which is irreversible. Men will be segregated on that day.
44. So that he who disbelieves will bear the consequence of his unbelief; and
he who does the right will straighten out the way for himself,
45. So that God may reward those who believed and did what was good, by His grace. Surely He does not love unbelievers.
46. Among His signs are the breezes He sends as harbingers of happy news, so
that He may allow you to taste of His mercy, and that ships may sail by His
command, and you may seek of His bounty, and may haply be grateful.
47. Verily We sent many apostles before you to their people, who brought
clear signs with them. Then We retributed those who were sinful. It is a duty
incumbent on Us to help the believers.
48. It is God who sends the breezes that raise clouds, then spreads them over
the sky as He please, fold on fold, then you see the drops of rain issue from
between them. When He sends it down to those of His creatures as He will,
they are filled with joy,
49. Although before it came down they were despondent.
50. So consider the signs of His benevolence: How He quickens the earth after
it had become waste. He is verily the one who will raise the dead. He has
power over everything.
51. If We send a (blighting) wind and they see (the earth) seared autumnal,
they would surely become ungrateful.
52. You cannot make the dead to listen nor the deaf hear the call when they
have turned back and retreated,
53. Nor can you make the blind see the way when they have gone astray. You
can make none hear except those who believe Our signs and have come to
submission.
54. It is God who created you of weakness, then after weakness gave you
strength, then after strength will give you weakness and grey hair. Surely He
makes whatever He wills. He is all-knowing and all-powerful.
55. The day Resurrection is set the sinners will swear: “We did not tarry more
than an hour (and cannot be guilty).” That is how they have always been
deceived.
56. But those who were given the knowledge and belief will say: “You have
tarried, according to the Book of God, as long as the Day of Resurrection, and
this is the Day of Resurrection, but ‘you do not know.”
57. Their excuses will be of no avail to the sinners on that day, and they will
not be allowed to beg for favour.
58. We have offered every kind of example here in this Qur’an to men. Even
then if you bring a verse to them, those who disbelieve say: “You are nothing
but a liar.”
59. That is how God seals the hearts of those who do not know.
60. So have patience. The promise of God is surely true; and let not those who
do not believe make you relax (your endeavours).

Source:studyquran.org


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