4 The Women
An-Nisa: Madani
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In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
O MEN, FEAR your Lord who created you from a single cell, and from it
created its mate, and from the two of them dispersed men and women (male
and female) in multitudes. So fear God in whose name you ask of one another
(the bond of) relationships. God surely keeps watch over you.
2. Give to the orphans their possessions, and do not replace things of your own
which are bad with things which are good among theirs, and do not intermix
their goods with your own and make use of them, for this is a grievous crime.
3. If you fear you cannot be equitable to orphan girls (in your charge, or misuse
their persons), then marry women who are lawful for you, two, three, or four;
but if you fear you cannot treat so many with equity, marry only one, or a maid or captive. This is better than being iniquitous.
4. Give to women their dowers willingly, but if they forego part of it
themselves, then use it to your advantage.
5 Do not entrust (their) property God has given you to maintain (On trust), to
those who are immature; but feed them and clothe them from it, and speak to
them with kindness.
6. And test (and try) the orphans until they are of marriageable age. If you find
they have acquired sound judgement, then hand over their property to them;
but devour not their wealth, nor use it up hastily out of fear that soon they will
grow up (and demand it). And (the guardian) who is rich should abstain from
spending much (of their wealth); and he who is poor should use only as much
as is fair. And when you give back their possessions have this witnessed, (and
remember) that God is sufficient to take all account.
7. Men have a share in what the parents and relatives leave behind at death;
and women have a share in what the parents and relatives leave behind. Be it
large or small a legal share is fixed.
8. And when the relatives and orphans and the needy collect at the time of the
division (of property) provide for them too, and talk kindly to them.
9. Let people fear the day when they leave small children behind them
unprovided, and how concerned they would be for them. So fear God and say
the right things to them.
10. Those who devour the possessions of the orphans unjustly devour only fire,
and will surely burn in Hell.
11. As for the children, God decrees that the share of the male is equivalent to
that of two females. If they consist of women only, and of them more than two,
they will get two-thirds of the inheritance; but in case there is one, she will
inherit one half. The parents will each inherit a sixth of the estate if it happens
the deceased has left a child; but if he has left no children, and his parents are
his heirs, then the mother will inherit one-third; but if he has left brothers, the
mother will inherit one-sixth after payment of legacies and debts. Of parents
and children you do not know who are more useful to you. These are the
decrees of God who knows all and is wise.
12. Your share in the property the wives leave behind is half if they die without
an issue, but in case they have left children, then your share is one-fourth after
the payment of legacies and debts; and your wife shall inherit one-fourth of
what you leave at death if you die childless, if not, she will get one-eighth of
what you leave behind after payment of legacies and debts. If a man or a
woman should die without leaving either children or parents behind but have
brother and sister, they shall each inherit one-sixth. In case there are more, they
will share one-third of the estate after payment of legacies and debts without
prejudice to others. This is the decree of God who knows all and is kind.
13. These are the limits set by God, and those who follow the commandments
of God and the Prophet, will indeed be admitted to gardens with streams of
water running by, where they will for ever abide; and this will be success
supreme.
14. Those who disobey God and the Prophet and exceed the bounds of law,
will be taken to Hell and abide there for ever and shall suffer despicable
punishment.
15. If any of your women is guilty of unnatural offence, bring four of your
witnesses to give evidence; if they testify against them, retain them in the houses until death overtakes them or God provides some other way for them.
16. If two (men) among you are guilty of such acts then punish both of them.
But if they repent and reform, let them be, for God accepts repentance and is
merciful.
17. God does accept repentance, but only of those who are guilty of an evil out
of ignorance yet quickly repent, and God turns to them again, for God is allknowing and all-wise.
18. But (He does not accept) the repentance of those who continue indulging in
evil until death draws near and they say: “We now repent;” nor of those who
die disbelieving. For them We have a grievous retribution in wait.
19. O believers, you are not allowed to take perforce the women (of dead
relatives) into your heritage, or tyrannise over them in order to deprive them of
what you have given them, unless they are guilty of open adultery. Live with
them with tolerance and justice even if you do not care for them. For it may
well be you may not like a thing, yet God may have endued it with much
goodness.
20. If you want to take another wife in place of the one you are married to, then
even if you have given her a talent of gold, do not take back a thing. Would
you take it away by slandering and using unjust means?
21. How could you do that having slept with one another, and when they had
taken a solemn pledge from you?
22. And do not wed the women your fathers had wed. What happened in the
past is now past: It was lewd and abhorrent, and only the way of evil.
23. Unlawful are your mothers and daughters and your sisters to you, and the
sisters of your fathers and your mothers, and the daughters of your brothers
and sisters, and foster mothers, foster sisters, and the mothers of your wives,
and the daughters of the wives you have slept with who are under your charge;
but in case you have not slept with them there is no offence (if you marry their
daughters); and the wives of your own begotten sons; and marrying two sisters
is unlawful. What happened in the past (is now past): God is forgiving and
kind.
24. Also forbidden are married women unless they are captives (of war). Such
is the decree of God. Lawful for you are women besides these if you seek them
with your wealth for wedlock and not for debauchery. Then give those of these
women you have enjoyed, the agreed dower. It will not be sinful if you agree
to something (else) by mutual consent after having settled the dowry. God is
certainly all-knowing and all-wise.
25. If one of you cannot afford to marry a believing gentlewoman (let him
marry) a maid who is a believer. God is aware of your faith: The one of you is
of the other; so marry them with the consent of their people, and give them an
appropriate dowry. They are women (seeking) wedlock, and not lechery, nor
secretly looking for paramours. But if they are married and guilty of adultery,
inflict on them half the punishment (enjoined) for gentlewomen. This is for
those who are afraid of doing wrong. In case they can wait, it is better for
them. God is forgiving and kind.
26. God wishes to make it clear to you and guide you through the example of
earlier people, and to forgive you, for God is all-knowing and all-wise.
27. God likes to turn to you, but those who are lost in the pleasures of the flesh
wish to turn you astray, far away.
28. God would like to lighten your burden, for man was created weak. 29. O believers, you should not usurp unjustly the wealth of each other, but
trade by mutual consent; and do not destroy yourselves. God is merciful to
you.
30. If someone does so through oppression or injustice, We shall cast him into
Hell: This is how (the Law of) God works inevitably.
31. If you keep away from the deadly sins that have been forbidden, We shall
efface your faults, and lead you to a place of honour.
32. Do not covet what God has favoured some with more than He has some
others. Men have a share in what they earn, and women have theirs in what
they earn. Ask God for His favours. Surely God has knowledge of everything.
33. For each We have appointed heirs to what parents and relatives leave
behind. And to those you have given your pledge in marriage give their share,
for God is witness to everything.
34. Men are the support of women as God gives some more means than others,
and because they spend of their wealth (to provide for them). So women who
are virtuous are obedient to God and guard the hidden as God has guarded it.
As for women you feel are averse, talk to them suasively; then leave them
alone in bed (without molesting them) and go to bed with them (when they are
willing). If they open out to you, do not seek an excuse for blaming them.
Surely God is sublime and great.
35. If you fear a breach between them, appoint one arbiter from the people of
the man and one from the people of the woman. If they wish to have a
settlement then God will reconcile them, for God is all-knowing and cognisant.
36. Pay homage to God, and make none His compeer, and be good to your
parents and relatives, the orphans and the needy and the neighbours who are
your relatives, and the neighbours who are strangers, and the friend by your
side, the traveller and your servants and subordinates. God does not surely love
those who are arrogant and boastful,
37. Who are miserly and bid others to be so, and hide what God has given
them in His largesse. We have prepared for unbelievers a shameful
punishment.
38. Those who spend of their wealth to show off and do not believe in God and
the Last Day, take Satan as companion, and how evil a companion (have they)!
39. Would something have befallen them if they had believed in God and the
Last Day, and spent of what has been given them by God? God is fully aware
of all they do.
40. God does not wrong any one, not even the equal of an atom; and if men do
good He multiplies it by two, and adds a great reward of His own.
41. How shall it be when We call witnesses from each and every people and
call you as witness over them?
42. On that day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Prophet, shall wish
they were levelled with the dust, and shall not be able to conceal a thing from
God.
43. O you who believe, do not perform your service of prayer when you are
intoxicated until you are sure of what you are saying, nor when in a state of
seminal pollution, until you have taken a bath, except when you are travelling.
But in case you are ill or are travelling, or you have relieved yourself of
nature’s call, or cohabited with a woman, and cannot find water, then take
wholesome dust and pass it over your face and hands: God is benign and
forgiving. 44. Have you not seen the people who were given a share of the Book, but who
purchased only error, and wish that you also go astray?
45. But God knows your enemies well: and sufficient is God to protect you,
and sufficient is God for all help.
46. Some among the Jews distort the words out of context and say (in place of
the right words): “We have heard and do not obey;” and, “hear without
hearing,” and “listen to us,” twisting their tongues and reviling the faith. But if
they had said: “We have heard and obey,” and, “hear and regard us,” it would
have been better for them and more appropriate. But God has disgraced them
for their lack of belief; and so only a few of them believe.
47. O people of the Book, believe in what We have revealed, which confirms
what is already with you before We disfigure your visages and turn your faces
about and curse you, as We did with those who had broken the Sabbath; and
what God decrees comes to pass.
48. God does not forgive that compeers be ascribed to Him, though He may
forgive aught else if He please. And he who ascribes compeers to God is guilty
of the gravest sin.
49. Have you not seen the people who call themselves pure? Yet God purifies
whom He pleases, and none shall be wronged even the breadth of a thread.
50. See how they fabricate lies about God, which is a clear sin. Have you not
seen those who were given a portion of the Book, who believe in false deities
and evil powers, and say of unbelievers: “These are better guided than those
who believe.”
52. They are the ones who were cursed by God; and those who are cursed by
God will have none to protect them.
53. Have they a share in the kingdom? (If they had,) they would never have
given an iota to the people.
54. Are they so envious of others for what God has given them of His bounty?
So We had given the Book and the Law to Abraham’s family, and given them
great dominion.
55. Then some of them believed in it, and some turned away from it; yet
sufficient is Hell, the flaming Fire!
56. And those who disbelieve Our revelations shall be cast into Hell; and when
their skin is burnt up and singed, We shall give them a new coat that they may
go on tasting the agony of punishment, for God is all-mighty and all-wise.
57. But those who believe and do good deeds We shall admit into gardens with
streams of running water, where they will abide for ever, with fairest of
companions and coolest of shades.
58. God enjoins that you render to the owners what is held in trust with you,
and that when you judge among the people do so equitably. Noble are the
counsels of God, and God hears all and sees everything.
59. O you who believe, obey God and the Prophet and those in authority
among you; and if you are at variance over something, refer it to God and the
Messenger, if you believe in God and the Last Day. This is good for you and
the best of settlement.
60. Have you never seen those who aver they believe in what has been
revealed to you and had been to others before you, yet desire to turn for
judgement to evil powers, even though they have been commanded to
disbelieve in them? Satan only wishes to lead them astray, far away.
61. When they are told: “Come to that which God has revealed, and to the Prophet,” you should see the hypocrites, how they hesitate and turn their faces
away.
62. How shall it be when they suffer misfortunes for their own misdeeds? Then
they will come to you swearing by God and saying: “We wish for nothing but
good and amity.”
63. The secrets of the hearts of these people are well known to God. So leave
them alone, and counsel them and speak to them eloquent words that would
touch their very souls.
64. We have sent no apostle but that he should be obeyed by the will of God. If
they had come to you after wronging themselves and asked forgiveness of
God, and you had also asked forgiveness for them, they would surely have
found God forgiving and merciful.
65. Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till they make you adjudge in
their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and
accept them with full acquiescence.
66. If We had commanded them to lay down their lives and to go forth from
their homes, only a few would have obeyed; though had they followed what
they had been commanded it would surely have been good for them and the
strengthening of their faith.
67. And We would have bestowed on them a great reward of Our own,
68. And led them to the path that is straight.
69. Those who obey God and the Prophet are with those who are blessed by
God, the prophets, the sincere and the trustful, the martyrs and the upright; and
how excellent a company are they!
70. This is a favour from God; and sufficient is God, the all-knowing. O
believers, take precautions, and advance in detachments, or go all together in a
body.
72, Someone among you will surely lag behind, and if calamity should befall
you, will say: “God was gracious to me that I was not among them.”
73. But if success comes to you from God he will say, as though no love
existed between you and him: “I wish I were with them, for I would have
certainly met with great success.”
74. Those who barter the life of this world for the next should fight in the way
of God. And We shall bestow on him who fights in the way of God, whether
he is killed or is victorious, a glorious reward.
75. What has come upon you that you fight not in the cause of God and for the
oppressed, men, women and children, who pray: “Get us out of this city, O
Lord, whose people are oppressors; so send us a friend by Your will, and send
us a helper.”
76. Those who believe fight in the way of God; and those who do not, only
fight for the powers of evil; so you should fight the allies of Satan. Surely the
stratagem of Satan is ineffective.
77. Have you not seen the people who were told: “Hold back your hands (from
attacking), observe your devotional obligations and pay the zakat?” But when
they were commanded to fight, behold, a section among them were filled with
fear of men as though it were the fear of God and even more, and said: “O
Lord, why did you make war compulsory for us? Why did you not allow us to
live a little more?” Say to them: “How short-lived is the commerce of this
world; but that of the next is best for those who fear God; and you will not be
wronged the breadth of a thread.” 78. Death will overtake you wheresoever you be, even in the mightiest of
towers. Yet if some good comes their way they say: “It is from God;” and if it
is evil that befalls them, they say: “It is indeed from you.” Say to them: “Every
thing is from God.” O, what has come upon the people that even this they fail
to understand!
79. What comes to you of good is verily from God; and what comes to you of
ill is from your own self (your actions). We have sent you as apostle to all
mankind; and God is sufficient as witness.
80. He who obeys the Apostle obeys God; and if some turn away (remember)
We have not sent you as warden over them.
81. They say: “We obey;” but when they leave your company, a section of
them discuss at night other things than you had said; but God takes note of
what they discuss. So turn aside from them and trust in God; and God is
sufficient as protector.
82. Do they not ponder over the Qur’an? Had it been the word of any other but
God they would surely have found a good deal of variation in it.
83. And when any tidings of peace or war come to them they spread the news
around. Had they gone to the Prophet or those in authority among them, then
those who check and scrutinize would have known it, And but for the favour of
God and His mercy you would certainly have followed Satan, except a few.
84. So fight on in the way of God (irrespective of the others). You cannot
compel any one except your own self; but urge the believers to fight. It may
well be that God will keep back the might of the infidels, for God’s might is
greater, and severe His punishment.
85. He who intercedes in a good cause will surely have a share in the
recompense; and he who abets an evil act will share the burden thereof; for
God (equates and) is watchful of all things.
86. When you are greeted with a greeting, then greet with one fairer, or repeat
the same greeting. For God takes account of all things.
87. God: There is no god but He. He will gather you together on the Day of
Resurrection which is certain to come; and whose word is truer than God’s?
88. How is it that you are divided in two factions about the hypocrites? God
has routed them for what they were doing. Do you wish to guide him to the
path whom God has allowed to go astray? As for him whom God allows to go
astray you will not find a way.
89. They wish you to become disbelievers as they are, so that you should
become like them. Therefore hold them not as friends until they go out of their
homes in the way of God. If they do not, seize them wherever they are and do
away with them. Do not make them your friends or allies,
90. Except those who take refuge with a people allied to you, or those who,
weary of fighting you or their people, come over to you. If God had so willed
He would surely have given them power over you, and they would have fought
you. If they keep aloof and do not fight, and offer peace, God has left you no
reason to fight them.
91. You will also find persons who, while wishing to live in peace with you as
well as with their own people, turn to civil war the moment they are called to
it. If they do not keep away from you, nor offer you peace nor restrain their
hands, seize them and kill them wherever they are. We have given you a clear
sanction against them.
92. It is not for a believer to take a believer’s life except by mistake; and he who kills a believer by mistake should free a slave who is a believer, and pay
blood-money to the victim’s family unless they forego it as an act of charity. If
he belonged to a community hostile to you but was himself a believer, then a
slave who is a believer should be freed. In case he belonged to a people with
whom you have a treaty, then give blood-money to his family and free a
believing slave. But he who has no means (to do so) should fast for a period of
two months continuously to have his sins forgiven by God, and God is allknowing and all-wise.
93. Any one who kills a believer intentionally will be cast into Hell to abide
there for ever, and suffer God’s anger and damnation. For him a greater
punishment awaits.
94. O believers, when you go out on a journey in the way of God, be discreet
and do not say to anyone who greets you in peace: “You are not a believer.”
You desire the gain of earthly life, but there are prizes in plenty with God. You
were also like him (an unbeliever) in the past, but God has been gracious to
you. So be careful and discreet, for God is aware of what you do.
95. The faithful who sit idle, other than those who are disabled, are not equal to
those who fight in the way of God with their wealth and lives. God has exalted
those in rank who fight for the faith with their wealth and souls over those who
sit idle. Though God’s promise of good is for all, He has granted His favour of
the highest reward to those who struggle in preference to those who sit at
home.
96. For them are higher ranks with God, and forgiveness and grace; and God is
forgiving and kind.
97. As for those whose souls are taken by the angels (at death) while in a state
of unbelief, they will be asked by the angels: “What (state) were you in?” They
will answer: “We were oppressed in the land.” And the angels will say: “Was
not God’s earth large enough for you to migrate?” Their abode will be Hell,
and what an evil destination!
98. But those who are helpless, men, women and children, who can neither
contrive a plan nor do they know the way,
99. May well hope for the mercy of God; and God is full of mercy and grace.
100. Whosoever leaves his country in duty to God will find many places of
refuge, and abundance on the earth. And he who leaves his home and becomes
an emigre in the way of God and His Messenger, and death overtake him, is
sure to receive his reward from God; for God is forgiving and kind.
101. When you travel in the land there is no sin if you curtail your service of
prayer if you fear the unbelievers may harass you, for indeed your open
enemies are the infidels.
102. When you are among them, and have to lead the service of prayer, let one
group stand up with you, but let them keep their arms. After they have paid
their homage they should go to the rear, and let the group which has not done
so yet offer their service of prayer with you, remaining cautious and armed,
The infidels wish to find you neglectful of your arms and provisions, to attack
you unawares. It will not be a sin if you put aside your arms when you are
troubled by rain, or you are ill; but take full precautions. God has reserved for
infidels a despicable punishment
103. If you are late in performing your service of prayer honour God by
remembering Him, standing or sitting or lying on your sides. And when you
have security perform your act of prayer befittingly; and praying at fixed hours is prescribed for the faithful.
104. And do not be chary of pursuing them. If you suffer, they shall also suffer
like you. But while you have hope (of success) from God, they have none.
Surely God is all-knowing and all-wise have sent down to you the Book
containing the truth, in whose light you should judge among the people as God
has shown you, and do not be a contender for deceivers.
106. And seek God’s forgiveness, for God is surely forgiving and kind.
107. Do not argue for those who harbour deceit in their hearts, for God does
not love the treacherous and the iniquitous.
108. They try to hide from (men), but they cannot hide from God who is with
them at night when they discuss such matters as He does not approve; but what
they do is well within the compass of God.
109. Well, you are those who pleaded for them in the life of this world; but
who will plead for them on the Day of Resurrection or be their security?
110. He who does evil or acts against his own interests (by disbelieving), then
prays for God’s forgiveness, will find God compassionate and merciful.
111. He who earns the wages of sin does so for himself; and God is aware of
everything and is wise.
112. He who commits a mistake or iniquity and ascribes it to one who is
innocent, is guilty of calumny and brazen sin.
113. But for the mercy of God and His grace you would certainly have been
misled by a section of them; yet they could not mislead you but themselves
alone, and could do you no harm, for God has revealed to you the Book and
the Law, and taught you what you did not know. Great have been the blessings
of God on you.
114. Their confidential counsels are seldom for the good, save of those who
talk of charity or goodness or peace among men. Whosoever does so for the
pleasure of God, We shall give him an ample reward.
115. And he who opposes the Prophet even after the way has become clear to
him, and follows a path other than the way of believers, We shall lead him to
what he has chosen for himself, and shall take him to Hell: How evil a
journey’s end.
116. God does not forgive that compeers be ascribed to Him, and absolves all
else whatsoever He will. And he who associates compeers with God has indeed
wandered far astray.
117. In His place they invoke only females (the pagan deities); and instead of
Him they invoke Satan the obstinate rebel
118. Who was condemned by God and who said: “I shall take from Thy
creatures my determinate share,
119. And mislead them and tempt them, and order them to slit the ears of
animals; and order them to alter God’s creation.” He who holds Satan as friend
in place of God will assuredly be damned to perdition.
120. Whatever the promises he makes, whatever the desires he enkindles, and
whatever the hopes Satan rouses in them, are no more than delusion.
121. For such the abode is only Hell from which they will find no escape.
122. But those who believe and do good deeds We shall admit into gardens
with streams of running water where they will abide for ever. True is the
promise of God; and whose word could be truer than God’s?
123. It is neither dependent on your wishes, nor the wishes of the people of the
Book, (but) whosoever does ill will be punished for it, and will find no protector or friend apart from God;
124. But he who performs good deeds, whether man or a woman, and is a
believer, will surely enter Paradise, and none shall be deprived even of an iota
of his reward.
125. Whose way is better than that of the man who has submitted to God, and
does good, and who follows the creed of Abraham the upright? And God chose
Abraham as friend.
126. And all that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to God; and
everything is well within the compass of God.
127. And they ask you for judgement about women. Tell them: “God has given
you instructions about them. You also read them in the Book concerning
orphaned women (in your charge) to whom you deny their ordained rights and
yet wish to take them in marriage, as well as in respect of helpless children,
that you should be just in the matter of orphans.” The good you do is known to
God.
128. If a woman fears aversion from her husband, or ill treatment, there is no
harm if they make a peaceful settlement; and peace is an excellent thing. But
men keep self-interest uppermost. Yet if you do good and fear God, God is
cognisant of all that you do.
129. Howsoever you may try you will never be able to treat your wives
equally. But do not incline (to one) exclusively and leave (the other) suspended
(as it were). Yet if you do the right thing and are just, God is verily forgiving
and kind.
130. If both (decide to) separate, God in His largesse will provide for them; for
God is infinite and all wise.
131. All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to God. We had
commanded those who received the Book before you, and have commanded
you too, to obey the laws of God. Even if you deny, surely all that is in the
heavens and the earth belongs to God; and God is self-sufficient and praiseworthy.
132. For all that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to God; and God is
sufficient as guardian.
133. He could take you away if He will, O men, and replace you with others:
God has the power to do so.
134. Whosoever desires a reward of this world (should remember) that with
God are rewards of this world and the next; and God hears all and sees
everything.
135. O you who believe, be custodians of justice (and) witnesses for God, even
though against yourselves or your parents or your relatives. Whether a man be
rich or poor, God is his greater well-wisher than you. So follow not the behests
of lust lest you swerve from justice; and if you prevaricate or avoid (giving
evidence), God is cognisant of all that you do.
136. O believers, believe in God and His Messenger and the Book He has
revealed to His Apostle, and the Books revealed before. But he who believes
not in God and His angels and the Books and the prophets and the Last Day,
has wandered far away.
137. Those who accept the faith, then disbelieve, then return to it, and deny
once again and increase in disbelief, will not be forgiven by God or be guided
by Him.
138. Give tidings to the hypocrites that painful is their doom. 139. Do those who take unbelievers as their friends in preference to the faithful
seek power from them? But all power belongs to God.
140. You have been commanded in the Book that whensoever you hear God’s
messages denied or derided, do not sit in that company until they begin talking
of other things, or you will be no different from them. Indeed God will put the
hypocrites and infidels together in Hell.
141. Those who wait to see what befalls you, say in ease success comes to you
from God: “Were we not with you?” But if fortune favours the infidels, they
say: “Did we not overpower you, and yet protected you against the believers?”
But God will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection; and God will
never give the unbelievers a way over the faithful.
142. The hypocrites try to deceive God, but He (leads them to) deceive
themselves. When they stand up for performing the service of prayer they do
so indolently, only for show, and remember God but little,
143. Wavering between the two, neither with these nor with those. For them
who are not given the guidance by God, you will never find a way.
144. O believers, do not hold unbelievers as friends in preference to the
faithful. Do you want to proffer a clear proof of your own guilt before God?
145. The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell, and you will find none
to help them.
146. But those who repent and amend, and hold firmly to God, and are sincere
and wholly obedient to God, are surely with the faithful; and God will bestow
on the faithful a great reward.
147. Why should God punish you if you acknowledge the truth and believe?
God is responsive to gratitude and is cognisant.
148. God does not like ill (of others) spoken about, except by him who has
been wronged. For God hears all and knows everything.
149. Whether you do some good openly or in secret, or forgive an ill done to
you, (know) that God is forgiving and all-powerful.
150. Those who believe not in God and His apostles, and desire to differentiate
between God and His messengers, and say: “We believe in some and not in the
others,” and wish to find a way (between affirmation and denial),
151. Are verily the real unbelievers. And We have reserved for unbelievers an
ignominious punishment.
152. But those who believe in God and His apostles and make no distinction
among any of them, will be given by Him their recompense; for God is
forgiving and kind.
153. The people of the Book demand of you to bring for them a book from
heaven. But of Moses they had asked a bigger thing, and demanded: “Show us
God face to face.” They were struck by lightning then as punishment for their
wickedness. Even then they made the calf, when clear signs had reached them.
Still We forgave them and gave Moses clear authority.
154. We exalted them on the Mount, and they gave a solemn pledge, and We
said to them: “Enter the gates submissively,” and told them: “Do not break the
Sabbath,” and took a solemn pledge from them.
155. So (they were punished) for breaking the covenant and disbelieving the
signs of God, and for killing the prophets unjustly, and saying: “Our hearts are
enfolded in covers,” (though) in fact God had sealed them because of their
unbelief; so they do not believe except a few;
156. And because they denied and spoke dreadful calumnies of Mary; 157. And for saying: “We killed the Christ, Jesus, son of Mary, who was an
apostle of God;” but they neither killed nor crucified him, though it so
appeared to them. Those who disagree in the matter are only lost in doubt.
They have no knowledge about it other than conjecture, for surely they did not
kill him,
158. But God raised him up (in position) and closer to Himself; and God is allmighty and all-wise.
159. There is not one among the people of the Book who will not believe in it
before his death; and he will be a witness over them on the Day of
Resurrection.
160. Because of the wickedness of some among the Jews, and because they
obstructed people from the way of God, We forbade them many things which
were lawful for them;
161. And because they practised usury although it had been forbidden them;
and for using others’ wealth unjustly. For those who are unbelievers among
them We have reserved a painful punishment.
162. But to the learned among them, and the believers who affirm what has
been revealed to you and was revealed to those before you, and to those who
fulfil their devotional obligations, who pay the zakat and believe in God and
the Last Day, We shall give a great reward.
163. We have sent revelations to you as We sent revelations to Noah and the
prophets (who came) after him; and We sent revelations to Abraham and
Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob, and their offspring, and to Jesus and Job, and to
Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and to David We gave the Book of Psalms,
164. And to many an apostle We have mentioned before, and to many other
apostles We have not mentioned to you; and to Moses God spoke directly.
165. All these apostles of good news and admonition were sent so that after the
apostles men may have no argument against God. God is all-powerful and allwise.
166. God is Himself witness to what has been revealed to you, and revealed
with His knowledge, and the angels are witness; and God is sufficient as
witness.
167. Those who denied and turned away from the path of God, have wandered
far astray.
168. Those who deny and transgress will not be forgiven by God, nor be
shown the way
169. Except to Hell, where they will abide for ever; and this is how (the law of
God) works inevitably.
170. O men, the Apostle has now come to you, bringing the truth from your
Lord; so believe for your own good; but if you deny (then remember) that all
that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to God; and God is all-knowing and
all-wise.
171. O people of the Book, do not be fanatical in your faith, and say nothing
but the truth about God. The Messiah who is Jesus, son of Mary, was only an
apostle of God, and a command of His which He sent to Mary, as a mercy
from Him. So believe in God and His apostles, and do not call Him ‘Trinity’.
Abstain from this for your own good; for God is only one God, and far from
His glory is it to beget a son. All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to
Him; and sufficient is God for all help.
172. The Christ will never disdain to be a votary of God, nor will the angels close to Him. And those who disdain to serve Him and are proud (should
remember) that they will all go back to Him in the end.
173. Then those who believed and earned good deeds will be given their
recompense in full, and even more out of grace. But those who disdain and
who boast will receive a painful punishment. They will find none except God
to help them or save them.
174. O men, you have received infallible proof from your Lord, and We have
sent down a beacon light to you.
175. So those who believe in God and hold fast to Him shall indeed be
received into His mercy and His grace, and be guided to Him the straight path.
176. They ask you for judgement about ‘Kalalah’ (a man who dies childless).
Say: “God has given a decision in the matter of inheritance.” If a man dies and
leaves no child behind but have a sister, she will get a half of what he owned,
as he would have done the whole of what she possessed if she had died a
childless person. In ease he has two sisters then they will get two-thirds of the
heritage. But if he has both brothers and sisters, the male will inherit a share
equal to that of two females. God makes this manifest to you lest you wander
astray, for God has knowledge of everything.


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