48 Victory
Al-Fath: Madani
In the name of Allah, most-benevolent, ever-merciful.
WE HAVE GIVEN you a splendent victory
2. That God may save you from earlier and subsequent blames, and complete
His favours on you, and guide you on the straight path,
3. And help you with surpassing help.
4. It is He who sent down the sense of security into the hearts of believers so
that their faith may increase with belief, — God’s are the armies of the heavens
and the earth; and God is all-knowing and all-wise; –
5. And that He may admit men and women who believe into gardens with
rivers running by, to live for ever there, and absolve their evil, — This, in the
sight of God, will be the great fulfilment –
6. And that He may punish men and women (who are) hypocrites, and idolaters and idolatresses who entertain evil notions of God: It is against them that the
wheel of misfortune will turn, and God will be wroth with them, and condemn
them. For them He has prepared Hell, an evil destination!
7. For God’s are the armies of the heavens and the earth; and God is allknowing and all-wise.
8. We have sent you as witness (of the truth) and harbinger of good news and a
9. So that (men) may believe in God and His Apostle, and honour Him and
revere Him, and sing His praises morning and evening.
10. Those who swear allegiance to you indeed swear allegiance to God; and
God’s protection is over them. Then whosoever breaks the promise breaks it to
his own loss; but whosoever fulfills the promise made to God will receive a
great reward from Him.
11. The Arabs of the desert who had stayed behind will now say to you: “We
were occupied with our flocks and herds and families, so ask forgiveness for
us. They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Tell them: “Who can
prevail with God for you if He wish you harm or benefit? Surely God is well
aware of what you do.
12. In fact you imagined that the Prophet and the faithful would never come
back home; and this seemed pleasing to your hearts, and you entertained evil
thoughts. You are a people lost.
13. He who does not believe in God and His Apostle (should know) We have
prepared for unbelievers a blazing fire.”
14. To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He may forgive
whosoever He please, and afflict whosoever He will. Yet God is forgiving and
15. Those who had stayed behind will say: “When you depart for taking the
spoils, allow us to follow you.” They wish to change the word of God. Tell
them: “You will not follow us. That is what God has already said before.”
They will say: “You are envious of our gain.” The fact is they understand but
16. Say to the desert Arabs who had stayed behind: “You will be called against
a formidable people. You will fight them till they surrender. If you obey, then
He will give you a good reward; but if you turn back, as you had done before,
He will punish you with a grievous affliction.”
17. It is not binding on the blind, the lame or the sick (to follow this
command); but those who obey God and His Apostle will be admitted by God
to gardens with running streams; but those who turn back will suffer a painful
18. God was pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you
under the tree, for He knew well what was in their hearts, and sent down
tranquility on them, and rewarded them with an expeditious victory
19. And the many spoils that they were to take. God is all-mighty and all-wise.
20. God had promised you many spoils that you would capture; so He gave
this soon enough to you, and stayed the hands of men from you that it may
serve as a sign for believers, and guide you on the straight path;
21. And other (benefits) which you have not yet obtained, are within the
compass of God, for God has power over everything.
22. Had the unbelievers fought you they would have turned their backs and not
found a protector or helper. 23. This is the law of God, effective as before: You will not find any change in
the law of God.
24. It was He who restrained their hands from you in the heart of Makkah, and
your hands from them, after He had given you victory over them, as God sees
all that you do.
25. It were those who disbelieved who hindered you from (going to) the Holy
Mosque, preventing your offerings from arriving at the place of sacrifice. Had
it not been for (the presence of) believers, men and women, (among the
unbelievers) of whom you were unaware, and whom you might have trampled
and thus incurred guilt unknowingly on account of them, (the matter would
have been settled). (But this was not done) so that God may admit into His
favour whom He willed. If these (believers) had been separated from them, He
would have inflicted a grievous punishment on the unbelievers.
26. When the unbelievers fostered a sense of honour in their hearts, a sense of
pagan honour, God sent down a sense of tranquility on His Apostle and the
believers, and obliged them to an act of self-restraint, for they were deserving
and worthy of it. God is cognisant of everything.
27. God has truly made the vision of His Apostle come true: You will surely
enter the Holy Mosque in security if God please, without any fear, having
shaved your heads and cut your hair. He knew what you did not know, and has
vouchsafed you, apart from this, a victory near at hand.
28. It is He who has sent His Apostle with the guidance and the true faith, so
that He may exalt it over every other creed. God is sufficient as a witness.
29. Muhammad is the Prophet of God; and those who are with him are severe
with infidels but compassionate among themselves. You may see them
kneeling and bowing in reverence, seeking His favour and acceptance. Their
mark is on their foreheads from the effect of prostrations. Their likeness in the
Torah, and their likeness in the Gospel, is like a seed that sends out a stalk,
then makes it firm, and it becomes strong and rises straight upon its stem,
gladdening the cultivator’s heart, in order to fill the unbelievers with dismay.
God has promised those who believe and do the right forgiveness and a great


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