59 Confrontation
Al-Hashr: Madani
In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
WHATEVER IS IN the heavens and the earth sings the praises of God. He is
all-mighty and all-wise.
2. It is He who drove those among the people of the Book who refused to
believe, from their homes for the first confrontation. You did not think that
they would go away, and they imagined that their forts would protect them
against God. But God came upon them from where they did not suspect, and
filled their hearts with terror, so that they destroyed their homes with their own
hands (or were destroyed) by the hands of believers. So take heed, O men of
3. Had God not decreed the expulsion for them He would have punished them
in this world, and in the next the punishment of Hell would have been theirs.
4. For they had opposed God and His Apostle; and whosoever opposes God,
then God is severe in retribution.
5. The palm trees that you cut down or left standing intact was by God’s
dispensation, so that He might disgrace the transgressors.
6. You did not charge with horse or camel for whatever (spoils) God gave His
Apostle from them. In any case, God gives authority to His Apostle over
whomsoever He please. God has power over everything.
7. Whatever booty God gives to His Apostle from the people of the cities, is
for God and His Apostle, the near relations, the orphans, the needy and
wayfarers, so that it does not concentrate in the hands of those who are rich
among you. Accept what the Apostle gives you, and refrain from what he
forbids, and take heed for yourself and fear God. Surely God is severe of
8. The spoils are also for the poor emigrants who were deprived of their homes
and possessions and are seeking the bounty and protection of God, and are
helping God and His Apostle. They are the ones who are true of word and
9. Those who came to the city and to faith before them, love those who take
refuge with them, and do not feel for themselves any need for what is given
them, and give them preference over themselves even if they are indigent. Whoever preserves himself from his own greed will be prosperous.
10. (And the spoils are for) those who came after them, who say: “O Lord,
forgive us and our brothers who came to faith before us, and do not put a
grudge in our hearts against those who believe O Lord, You are compassionate
and kind.”
11. Have you never considered the hypocrites? They say to their brethren
among the people of the Book who do not believe: “If you are driven out we
shall go with you, and will not listen to any one in what concerns you; and if
there is war against you, we shall aid you.” But God is witness they are liars.
12. If they are driven out, they will not go with them; and if they are attacked,
they will not aid them. And even if they aided them, they will turn their backs,
then they will not be helped.
13. Surely they have greater fear of you in their hearts than of God, because
they do not understand.
14. They will not fight you in a body except in fortified cities, or from behind
the walls. Their enmity among themselves is great. You think they are united,
but divided are their hearts. That is because these people are devoid of sense,
15. Like those who had tasted the gravity of their actions a little before them.
There is a grievous punishment for them.
16. (They are) like Satan who says to man: “Do not believe;” and when he
becomes a disbeliever, he says: “I have nothing to do with you. I fear God, the
Lord of all the worlds.”
17. Both of them will end up in Hell, where they will abide for ever. This is the
punishment for the wicked.
18. O you who believe, be fearful of God. Let each soul consider what it has
sent (of good deeds) in advance for the morrow, and fear God. Surely God is
aware of what you do.
19. And be not like those who have forgotten God, so that God has made them
forget themselves. Such are the reprobates.
20. Alike are not the inmates of Hell and the residents of Paradise. The men of
Paradise will be felicitous.
21. If We had sent down this Qur’an to a mountain you would have seen it turn
desolate and split into two for fear of God. We offer these examples to men
that they may think and reflect.
22. He is God; there is no god but He, the knower of the unknown and the
known. He is the benevolent, ever-merciful.
23. He is God; there is no god but He, the King, the Holy, the Preserver,
Protector, Guardian, the Strong, the Powerful, Omnipotent. Far too exalted is
God for what they associate with Him.
24. He is God, the Creator, the Maker, the Fashioner. His are all the names
beautiful. Whatever is in the heavens and the earth sings His praises. He is allmighty and all-wise.


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