8 Spoils of War
Al-Anfal: Madani
In the name of Allah, most benevolent, ever-merciful.
THEY ASK YOU of (benefits accruing as) spoils of war. Tell them: “The
benefits belong to God and His Messenger.” So fulfil your duty to God and
keep peace among yourselves. Obey God and the Prophet, If you really
2. Only they are true believers whose hearts fill up with awe when the name of
God is mentioned; and their faith is further strengthened when His messages
are read out to them; and those who place their trust in their Lord,
3. Who are firm in devotion, and spend of what We have given them,
4. Are true believers. There are for them (high) ranks with their Lord, and
pardon and noble provision.
5. As your Lord sent you from your home (to fight) for the true cause, a section
of the faithful were averse,
6. Who argued with you about the matter even after it had become quite clear,
as if they were being pushed into (the arms of) death as they waited.
7. Though God promised that one of two columns (would fall to you), you
desired the one that was not armed. But God wished to confirm the truth by
His words, and wipe the unbelievers out to the last,
8. So that Truth may be affirmed and falsehood negated, even though the
sinners be averse.
9. Remember when you prayed to your Lord for help, He heard you and said:
“I shall send a thousand angels following behind you for your aid.”
10. He gave you the good news only to reassure your hearts, for victory comes
from God alone, and certainly God is all-mighty and all-wise.
11. A blanketing sleep came over you as a (measure of) security from Him,
and He sent down rain from the skies to cleanse you, and to remove the plague
of Satan, and to strengthen your hearts and steady your steps.
12. And the Lord said to the angels: “I am with you; go and strengthen the
faithful. I shall fill the hearts of infidels with terror. So smite them on their
necks and every joint, (and incapacitate them),”
13. For they had opposed God and His Apostle; but whosoever opposes God
and his Apostle (should know) that God is severe in retribution.
14. For you is this (punishment) to taste, for the infidels the torment of Hell. 15. O believers, when you meet unbelievers on the field of battle, do not turn
your backs to them.
16. For any one who turns his back on that day, except to manoeuvre or rally to
his side, will bring the wrath of God on himself, and have Hell as abode; and
what an evil destination!
17. It was not you who killed them, but God did so. You did not throw what
you threw, (sand into the eyes of the enemy at Badr), but God, to bring out the
best in the faithful by doing them a favour of His own. God is all-hearing and
18. That was that, but remember God will make the plots of the unbelievers
19. You had asked for a judgement, so the judgement has come to you (In the
form of victory for the faithful). So, if you desist it will be better for you. If
you come back to it, We shall do the same, and your forces, however large,
will not be of the least avail, for God is with those who believe. O believers,
obey God and His Messenger, and do not turn away from him when you hear
(him speak);
21. And do not be like those who say: “We have heard,” but do not hear.
22. The worst of creatures in the eyes of God are those who are deaf and dumb
and devoid of sense.
23. If God had seen any good in them He would surely have made them hear.
Now even if He makes them hear they will turn away (in obduracy).
24. O believers, respond to the call of God and His Prophet when he calls you
to what will give you life (and preservation). Remember that God intervenes
between man and his heart, and that you will be gathered before Him.
25. Beware of sedition, which does not affect the oppressors alone among you,
and know that the punishment of God is severe.
26. Remember, when you were few and powerless in the land, afraid of
despoliation at the hands of men. But then God sheltered and helped you to
strength, and provided for you good things that you may perhaps be grateful.
27. O you who believe, do not be faithless to God and His Apostle, nor violate
your trusts knowingly.
28. Know that your worldly possessions and your children are just a
temptation, and that God has greater rewards with Him.
29. O believers, if you follow the path shown by God, He will give you a
standard (of right and wrong), and overlook your sins, and forgive you. God is
abounding in benevolence.
30. Remember, when the infidels contrived to make you a prisoner or to
murder or expel you, they plotted, but God also planned; and God’s plan is the
31. When Our messages were read out to them, they said: “We have heard. We
could certainly compose (writings) like them if we choose. They are but only
tales of long ago.”
32. They had also said: “If this be the truth from you, O God, then rain down
on us stones from the skies, or inflict a grievous punishment upon us.”
33. But God would not choose to punish them while you are in their midst, nor
afflict them when they are seeking forgiveness.
34. But what is there so special they have that God should not punish them
when they obstruct people from the Holy Mosque, though they are not its
(appointed) guardians? Its guardians could be only those who are pious and devout. But most of them do not know.
35. Their worship in the House of God has been no more than whistling and
clapping. So they have to taste the punishment for disbelief.
36. Those who disbelieve spend their possessions on turning men away from
God. They will go on spending and rue it in the end, and will be subdued. But
those who remain disbelievers shall be gathered into Hell
37. That God may separate the bad from the good, and link the wicked together
and cast them into Hell. These are verily the people who will lose.
38. You tell the unbelievers in case they desist whatever has happened will be
forgiven them. If they persist, they should remember the fate of those who
have gone before them.
39. So, fight them till all opposition ends, and obedience is wholly God’s. If
they desist then verily God sees all they do.
40. But if they are obstinate, know that God is your helper and protector: How
excellent a helper, and how excellent a protector is He!
41. Know that one-fifth of what you acquire as booty (of war) is for God and
His Apostle, and for relatives and orphans, the poor and wayfarers, if you truly
believe in God and what We revealed to Our votary on the day of victory over
the infidels when the two armies clashed (at Badr). For God has the power to
do any thing.
42. (That day) when you were at one end of the valley, (the unbelievers) at the
other, and the caravan below you (on the lowland by the coast), you would
surely have declined to fight if (the Makkans) had offered you battle. (But the
battle did take place) that God may end the matter which had been
accomplished, so that he who had to die may perish after a clear
demonstration, and he who had to live may survive in the light of positive
proof, for God hears all and knows everything.
43. God showed (the Makkans) to be few in your dream, for if He had shown
them to be many you would surely have lost courage and disagreed about the
(wisdom) of the battle. But God spared you this, for He surely knows what is
in the hearts of men.
44. When you faced them He made (the enemy) seem few to you in numbers,
and made you appear fewer in their eyes, (it was) so that God could
accomplish what had been decreed; for all things rest with God.
45. O believers, when you meet an army, stand firm, and think of God a great
deal that you may be blessed with success.
46. Obey God and His Apostle, and do not disagree among yourselves or you
will be unmanned and lose courage. Persevere, for God is with those who
47. Do not be like those who went out of their homes full of their own
importance, ostentatiously, trying to hinder others from the way of God. But
God encompasses all they do.
48. Satan made their deeds look alluring to them, and said: “None will prevail
over you this day, for I shall be near at hand.” Yet when the two armies
appeared face to face, he turned back and fled, saying: “I am not with you, for I
can see what you cannot perceive. I fear God, for His punishment is severe.”
49. The hypocrites, and those who had doubts in their hearts, said: “Their faith
has misled them.” But whoever places his trust in God will find God mighty
and wise.
50. If you could only see the infidels as the angels draw away their souls and strike their faces and their backs, (saying): “Taste the torment of burning
51. For what you have brought upon yourselves.” God is surely not unjust to
His creatures, (they are unjust to themselves).
52. Their case is like that of Pharaoh’s people, and of those before them, who
denied the revelations of God, and were punished for their sins by God, and
God is all powerful and Severe His punishment.
53. God does not withdraw a favour bestowed upon a people unless they
change themselves, for God hears all and knows everything.
54. This was the case with the people of Pharaoh and those before them, who
rejected the signs of their Lord and were destroyed for their sins, and We
drowned the people of Pharaoh as they were oppressors.
55. Verily the worst of creatures in the sight of God are those who deny (the
truth), and will not believe.
56. As for those with whom you have made a treaty and who abrogate it every
time, and do not fear God,
57. If you meet them in battle, inflict on them such a defeat as would be a
lesson for those who come after them, and that they may be warned.
58. If you apprehend treachery from a people (with whom you have a treaty),
retaliate by breaking off (relations) with them, for God does not like those who
are treacherous.
59. The infidels should not think that they can bypass (the law of God). Surely
they cannot get away.
60. Prepare against them whatever arms and cavalry you can muster, that you
may strike terror in (the hearts of) the enemies of God and your own, and
others besides them not known to you, but known to God. Whatever you spend
in the way of God will be paid back to you in full, and no wrong will be done
to you.
61. But if they are inclined to peace, make peace with them, and have trust in
God, for He hears all and knows everything.
62. If they try to cheat you, God is surely sufficient for you. It is He who has
strengthened you with His help and with believers
63. Whose hearts He cemented with love. You could never have united their
hearts even if you had spent whatever (wealth) is in the earth; but God united
them with love, for He is all-mighty and all-wise.
64. God is sufficient for you, O Prophet, and the faithful who follow you.
65. O Prophet, urge the faithful to fight. If there are twenty among you with
determination they will vanquish two hundred; and if there are a hundred then
they will vanquish a thousand unbelievers, for they are people devoid of
66. God has lightened your burden as He knows you are weak: So, if there are
a hundred men of firm determination among you, they will vanquish two
hundred; and if there are a thousand of you they will vanquish two thousand by
the will of God, for God is with those who are determined.
67. No apostle should take captives until he has battled and subdued the
country. You desire the vanities of this world, but God wills (for you the
reward) of the world to come; and God is all-mighty and all-wise.
68. Had this not been decreed by God in advance, you would have suffered a
grievous punishment for what you took (as booty).
69. But now use such of the spoils as are lawful and good, and fear God, for
God is forgiving and kind. 70. O Prophet, tell the captives you have taken: “If God finds some good in
your hearts, He will reward you with something better than was taken away
from you, and forgive your sins, for God is forgiving and kind.”
71. If they try to deceive you, remember they have deceived God before. So He
gave you mastery over them, for God is all-knowing and all-wise.
72. Those who accepted the faith and set out of their homes, and fought in the
way of God wealth and soul, and those who gave them shelter and helped
them, are friends of one another. You are not responsible for protecting those
who embraced the faith but did not leave their homes, until they do so. In ease
they ask for your help in the name of faith, you are duty bound to help them,
except against a people with whom you have a treaty; for God sees all that you
73. Those who are infidels aid one another. Unless you do the same there will
be discord in the land and anarchy.
74. Those who accepted the faith and abandoned their homes, and struggled in
the cause of God, and those who gave them shelter and helped them, are
veritably true believers. For them is forgiveness and noble sustenance.
75. Those who accepted the faith and left their homes and fought by your side,
are your brothers; yet those who are related by blood are closer to one another
according to the decree of God. Verily God knows everything.


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