AL-ʿALAQ

The Clinging Mass

العلق

Meccan (surah 96 • 19 ayahs)

»The surah that contains the first revealed verses of the Quran, reminding the human being of THE CLINGING MASS, a stage that reflects the miracle of human creation in the womb of the mother. The surah is also known by the first Quranic instruction: Read. It is named after “the clining mass” (ʿalaq) mentioned in verse 2. The first five verses are known to be the first revelation of the Quran when the Prophet Muḥammad was instructed to read. The second part came later to show that man transgresses when he becomes self-satisfied.«

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,

THE ALL-BENEFICENT, THE ALL-MERCIFUL.

1

القرآن:

اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

TRANSLATION:

Read in the Name of your Lord who created;

2

القرآن:

خلق الإنسان من علق

TRANSLATION:

created man from a clinging mass.

3

القرآن:

اقرأ وربك الأكرم

TRANSLATION:

Read, and your Lord is the most generous,

4

القرآن:

الذي علم بالقلم

TRANSLATION:

who taught by the pen,

5

القرآن:

علم الإنسان ما لم يعلم

TRANSLATION:

taught man what he did not know.

6

القرآن:

كلا إن الإنسان ليطغى

TRANSLATION:

Indeed man becomes rebellious

7

القرآن:

أن رآه استغنى

TRANSLATION:

when he considers himself without need.

8

القرآن:

إن إلى ربك الرجعى

TRANSLATION:

Indeed to your Lord is the return.

9

القرآن:

أرأيت الذي ينهى

TRANSLATION:

Tell me, he who forbids

10

القرآن:

عبدا إذا صلى

TRANSLATION:

a servant when he prays,

11

القرآن:

أرأيت إن كان على الهدى

TRANSLATION:

tell me, should he be on [true] guidance,

12

القرآن:

أو أمر بالتقوى

TRANSLATION:

or bid [others] to Godwariness,

13

القرآن:

أرأيت إن كذب وتولى

TRANSLATION:

tell me, should he call him a liar and turn away

14

القرآن:

ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى

TRANSLATION:

—does he not know that Allah sees?

15

القرآن:

كلا لئن لم ينته لنسفعا بالناصية

TRANSLATION:

No indeed! If he does not stop,

We shall seize him by the forelock,

16

القرآن:

ناصية كاذبة خاطئة

TRANSLATION:

a lying, sinful forelock!

17

القرآن:

فليدع ناديه

TRANSLATION:

Then let him call out his gang!

18

القرآن:

سندع الزبانية

TRANSLATION:

We [too] shall call the keepers of hell.

19

القرآن:

كلا لا تطعه واسجد واقترب ۩

TRANSLATION:

No indeed! Do not obey him,

but prostrate and draw near [to Allah]!

Source:al-quran.info


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