بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

حم {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:1]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 1.

 

تَنْزِيلُ الْكِتَابِ مِنَ اللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَكِيمِ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:2]

Refer to the commentary of Zumar: 1 and 2; Zukhruf: 2 to 4.

 

مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى ۚ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنْذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:3]

Refer to Ibrahim: 2.

Everything made by Allah has a just purpose to be fulfilled. Nothing is permanent in this world. Everything is for an appointed term and to pass away after it has fulfilled its purpose, but disbelievers turn away from what they are warned.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

In the beginning of surah al Jathiyah man has been invited to reflect on the signs found in creation and in this surah the purposefulness of the creation has been asserted.

 

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ مَا تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَرُونِي مَاذَا خَلَقُوا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ أَمْ لَهُمْ شِرْكٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ ۖ ائْتُونِي بِكِتَابٍ مِنْ قَبْلِ هَٰذَا أَوْ أَثَارَةٍ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:4]

Refer to Fatir : 40.

The false gods the polytheists worship either do not exist, or they are ordinary mortals. They neither create or originate anything on earth, nor have they a share in the creation and working of the universe, nor do they have a book from the supreme Lord to guide mankind. The prophets or messengers of Allah have such authority, and they bring evidence of the true God.

The fact is that falsehood is delusion.

As the polytheists worship false gods, a large majority of Muslims follow false leaders, though the true guides have been identified by Allah and the Holy Prophet. See “Essential for the readers of the Quran”, commentary of al Fatihah: 6 and 7; Baqarah: 2 to 5, 30 to 39, 48, 124, 143, Ali Imran: 101 to 115, 61; Bara-at (introduction), Yunus : 35: Rad: 7; Sad: 67 to 79, 86; Shura: 23; Saba: 47; Furqan 57; Ahzab: 33 and many other verses.

 

وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنْ يَدْعُو مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَنْ لَا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَهُمْ عَنْ دُعَائِهِمْ غَافِلُونَ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:5]

If man worships his own self, his faculties will bear witness against him (Ha Mim: 20 to 22), if he worships men of God like Isa, they will disown him (Ma-idah: 11 and 117), if he worships angels, they will disown him (Saba 40 and 41); and even Shaytan will refuse to accept that it was he who led them astray.

 

وَإِذَا حُشِرَ النَّاسُ كَانُوا لَهُمْ أَعْدَاءً وَكَانُوا بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَافِرِينَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:6] (see commentary for verse 5)

وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ هَٰذَا سِحْرٌ مُبِينٌ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:7]

Refer to the commentary of Anam 7 to 10 Hud : 7 ; Anbiya : 41 ; Saba : 4 ; Saffat : 12 to 15.

 

أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ ۖ قُلْ إِنِ افْتَرَيْتُهُ فَلَا تَمْلِكُونَ لِي مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ۖ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ ۖ كَفَىٰ بِهِ شَهِيدًا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ ۖ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:8]

All impostors come to an evil end.

 

قُلْ مَا كُنْتُ بِدْعًا مِنَ الرُّسُلِ وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي وَلَا بِكُمْ ۖ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:9]

The Holy Prophet taught and preached the unity of Allah to mankind. All other prophets had also brought the same eternal truth.

“I follow not anything but that which is revealed to me” confirms that every word and deed of the Holy Prophet was in strict compliance of Allah’s will.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 40 and 253 for the references in the Bible concerning the advent of the Holy Prophet.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

As said in Araf : 188 and other verses the prophets of Allah did not receive information or knowledge from any worldly source. They were endowed with divine wisdom.

 

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ وَكَفَرْتُمْ بِهِ وَشَهِدَ شَاهِدٌ مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَىٰ مِثْلِهِ فَآمَنَ وَاسْتَكْبَرْتُمْ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:10]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

This verse refers to Musa, as a witness of the Holy Prophet’s divine mission, who gave the glad tidings of the advent of the Holy Prophet, also confirmed by Isa. Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 40 and 253 for their testimony.

 

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَوْ كَانَ خَيْرًا مَا سَبَقُونَا إِلَيْهِ ۚ وَإِذْ لَمْ يَهْتَدُوا بِهِ فَسَيَقُولُونَ هَٰذَا إِفْكٌ قَدِيمٌ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:11]

A great many of the early Muslims were mostly poor. The spiritually blind disbelievers despised them; and out of self-conceit rejected the truth on the foolish argument that if Islam had any good they would have been the first to embrace it.

 

وَمِنْ قَبْلِهِ كِتَابُ مُوسَىٰ إِمَامًا وَرَحْمَةً ۚ وَهَٰذَا كِتَابٌ مُصَدِّقٌ لِسَانًا عَرَبِيًّا لِيُنْذِرَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُحْسِنِينَ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:12]

The last revealed book which was a code of life (shari-ah) was the book of Musa, Tawrat; for the Injil was not a code, but merely precepts to wipe out the corruption that had crept in.

Isa said:

“Think not that I have come to destroy the law or the prophets. I have not come to destroy, but to fulfil.” (Matthew 5: 17)

All the prophets of Allah preached the unity of Allah.

The Quran confirms the law of Musa in Arabic language.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 255 for the references from the Old and the New Testaments.

 

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ {13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:13]

To say “Our Lord is Allah” means that Allah will have our exclusive devotion. To put into practice the verbal declaration confirms the faith. In every walk of life it should be proved by righteous deeds, attachment with the truth and the truthful .

The greatest example of remaining steadfast on the right path in the hour of most arduous trial was set by Imam Husayn and his comrades in Karbala.

 

أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:14]

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ إِحْسَانًا ۖ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ كُرْهًا وَوَضَعَتْهُ كُرْهًا ۖ وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلَاثُونَ شَهْرًا ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَبَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً قَالَ رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:15]

Refer to the commentary of Ankabut: 8; Luqman: 14;and Baqarah: 233.

The maximum period of breast-feeding is 2 years by which time the first dentition is ordinarily completed in a human child. The minimum period of human gestation is 6 months. After deducting 6 months from the 30 months mentioned in this verse 24 months remain as the time of weaning at the age of 2 years.

Ihsan is not repayment. It implies initiative in doing good without expecting a return.

40 is the normal age of the maturity of intellectual faculties. At this age man begins to look to his growing children, and, if he is a believer, present them to the Lord with confidence.

 

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ نَتَقَبَّلُ عَنْهُمْ أَحْسَنَ مَا عَمِلُوا وَنَتَجَاوَزُ عَنْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ فِي أَصْحَابِ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ وَعْدَ الصِّدْقِ الَّذِي كَانُوا يُوعَدُونَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:16]

Refer to Ankabut: 7.

 

وَالَّذِي قَالَ لِوَالِدَيْهِ أُفٍّ لَكُمَا أَتَعِدَانِنِي أَنْ أُخْرَجَ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ الْقُرُونُ مِنْ قَبْلِي وَهُمَا يَسْتَغِيثَانِ اللَّهَ وَيْلَكَ آمِنْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَيَقُولُ مَا هَٰذَا إِلَّا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:17]

See commentary of An-am: 25.

 

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ حَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَوْلُ فِي أُمَمٍ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا خَاسِرِينَ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:18] (see commentary for verse 17)

وَلِكُلٍّ دَرَجَاتٌ مِمَّا عَمِلُوا ۖ وَلِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أَعْمَالَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ {19}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:19]

Refer to Qasas: 84.

The return of evil will be exactly according to the degree of evil, neither less nor more; but the reward of good deeds will be far more than their merits, on account of the unbounded mercy of the Lord.

 

وَيَوْمَ يُعْرَضُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَلَى النَّارِ أَذْهَبْتُمْ طَيِّبَاتِكُمْ فِي حَيَاتِكُمُ الدُّنْيَا وَاسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهَا فَالْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ عَذَابَ الْهُونِ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَسْتَكْبِرُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَفْسُقُونَ {20}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:20]

The disbelievers grabbed at the good things in the life of the world, being greedy of them, seeking them as end in itself, sacrificing good for evil. On the day of judgement they will be told: “You took your choice, and you must pay the price. You did wrong in a rebellious spirit and prided yourselves on your evildoing, not unintentionally or out of ignorance, but constantly and with a determined purpose. Now you will be humbled and disgraced as a fitting punishment.” The Holy Prophet, Imam Ali, Bibi Fatimah and their progeny, the divinely chosen guides of the believers, on the other hand, have set exemplary life style in the light of Baqarah: 2 to 5 and 177, so that their followers may achieve success in the life of hereafter. Their life accounts show us that whatever possessions they had were spent in the cause of Allah for the welfare of the people. They made a willing choice of simple and austere life style because the pleasures of the world had no attraction for them at all.

 

وَاذْكُرْ أَخَا عَادٍ إِذْ أَنْذَرَ قَوْمَهُ بِالْأَحْقَافِ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ النُّذُرُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا اللَّهَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ {21}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:21]

Refer to the commentary of Araf: 65 to 72; Hud: 50 to 60; Shu-ara: 123 to 140.

Ahqaf, plural of hiqf (a heap of sand), refers to the long and winding tracts of sandhills adjoining Hadhramawt and Yaman.

Prophet Hud who was raised among the people of Ad was not a stranger but one of their own brethren, as the Holy Prophet was to the Quraysh. The people of Ad were too much involved in their evil ways and worshipped false gods. Therefore they belied the messenger of Allah who told them not to worship any one other than Allah. Mockingly they challenged him to bring on the threatened punishment. It was not for the messenger, but for Allah, to bring on the punishment. The punishment at last came. They wanted rain. There was a cloud in the sky. The thought it would rain and irrigate their land. But no! It was a tremendous hurricane. Its fury destroyed everything in its path. They were wiped out. Nothing was to be seen-the ruins of their habitations were covered by the heaps of sand, and their dead bodies buried under them.

 

قَالُوا أَجِئْتَنَا لِتَأْفِكَنَا عَنْ آلِهَتِنَا فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ {22}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:22] (see commentary for verse 21)

قَالَ إِنَّمَا الْعِلْمُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَأُبَلِّغُكُمْ مَا أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ وَلَٰكِنِّي أَرَاكُمْ قَوْمًا تَجْهَلُونَ {23}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:23] (see commentary for verse 21)

فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهُ عَارِضًا مُسْتَقْبِلَ أَوْدِيَتِهِمْ قَالُوا هَٰذَا عَارِضٌ مُمْطِرُنَا ۚ بَلْ هُوَ مَا اسْتَعْجَلْتُمْ بِهِ ۖ رِيحٌ فِيهَا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {24}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:24] (see commentary for verse 21)

تُدَمِّرُ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ بِأَمْرِ رَبِّهَا فَأَصْبَحُوا لَا يُرَىٰ إِلَّا مَسَاكِنُهُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْقَوْمَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ {25}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:25] (see commentary for verse 21)

وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِيمَا إِنْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِيهِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُمْ سَمْعًا وَأَبْصَارًا وَأَفْئِدَةً فَمَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُمْ سَمْعُهُمْ وَلَا أَبْصَارُهُمْ وَلَا أَفْئِدَتُهُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِذْ كَانُوا يَجْحَدُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَحَاقَ بِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ {26}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:26]

The people of Ad, Thamud and other settlements in the Arabian peninsula were more advanced in science and culture than the Makkans, but were destroyed when they belied the messengers of Allah and the message, because the false gods they worshipped could not protect then as they were figments of their imagination.

 

وَلَقَدْ أَهْلَكْنَا مَا حَوْلَكُمْ مِنَ الْقُرَىٰ وَصَرَّفْنَا الْآيَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ {27}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:27] (see commentary for verse 26)

فَلَوْلَا نَصَرَهُمُ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ قُرْبَانًا آلِهَةً ۖ بَلْ ضَلُّوا عَنْهُمْ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ إِفْكُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا يَفْتَرُونَ {28}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:28] (see commentary for verse 26)

وَإِذْ صَرَفْنَا إِلَيْكَ نَفَرًا مِنَ الْجِنِّ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقُرْآنَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوا أَنْصِتُوا ۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِيَ وَلَّوْا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِمْ مُنْذِرِينَ {29}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:29]

Refer to An-am: 131 and Baqarah: 30 on page 63 for the jinn, and An-am: 101 for those who worship the jinn.

When the Holy Prophet lost Abu Talib, his most ardent protector, the pagans of Makka began to harass and persecute him more often with severe measures. In one of such days he went to Taif where the people of the town mocked at him and threw stones on him. While returning from Taif he sat under a palm tree and saw two men coming with some fruits. They were Christians. They offered him the fruits to eat. He recited bismillah before eating them, which prompted the curiosity of the two Christians. Then the Holy Prophet told them many events pertaining to Isa and his disciples. They became Muslims. After their departure the Holy Prophet offered his midnight prayer. At that time a group of jinn, passing by, heard him reciting the Quran. Verse 30 shows that they knew about the book of Musa, but they were impressed with the message of Islam and went back to their people to announce the good news.

The Holy Prophet invited all created beings to the worship of Allah. If any refuses to believe the truth, or opposes it, he will be deprived of His grace, mercy and protection, and will be left to go astray and wander in wilderness, helpless and disgraced. The opposition of the disbelievers has not the least effect on Allah’s holy plan which goes on to its completion. It is stated in the Minhaj al Sadiqin that once the Holy Prophet took Ibn Masud with him to a cave where he recited surah al Falaq to the jinn. Ibn Masud saw a large gathering of huge birds and serpents. The Holy Prophet told him that nearly ten thousand jinn were there to listen to his recitation.

 

قَالُوا يَا قَوْمَنَا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا كِتَابًا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مُوسَىٰ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ يَهْدِي إِلَى الْحَقِّ وَإِلَىٰ طَرِيقٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ {30}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:30] (see commentary for verse 29)

يَا قَوْمَنَا أَجِيبُوا دَاعِيَ اللَّهِ وَآمِنُوا بِهِ يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ مِنْ ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُجِرْكُمْ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ {31}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:31] (see commentary for verse 29)

وَمَنْ لَا يُجِبْ دَاعِيَ اللَّهِ فَلَيْسَ بِمُعْجِزٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ مِنْ دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {32}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:32] (see commentary for verse 29)

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَمْ يَعْيَ بِخَلْقِهِنَّ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَىٰ ۚ بَلَىٰ إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {33}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:33]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 255.

He whose power is constant and unwearied in creating and preserving all things in heavens and earth can surely give life to the dead at the resurrection .

 

وَيَوْمَ يُعْرَضُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَلَى النَّارِ أَلَيْسَ هَٰذَا بِالْحَقِّ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّنَا ۚ قَالَ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ {34}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:34]

فَاصْبِرْ كَمَا صَبَرَ أُولُو الْعَزْمِ مِنَ الرُّسُلِ وَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلْ لَهُمْ ۚ كَأَنَّهُمْ يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَ مَا يُوعَدُونَ لَمْ يَلْبَثُوا إِلَّا سَاعَةً مِنْ نَهَارٍ ۚ بَلَاغٌ ۚ فَهَلْ يُهْلَكُ إِلَّا الْقَوْمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ {35}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 46:35]

The duty of the messenger of Allah is to proclaim and preach the message in unmistakable terms. Those who accept and believe in the truth will be rewarded. Those who come in his way, rebel or transgress will be punished. There is always hope of forgiveness for those who repent and amend.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

In “as the messengers who were constant”, according to the Ahl ul Bayt, the prophets who are referred to are Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa and the Holy Prophet, the foremost among the messengers and prophets of Allah, being the axis on which the prophethood remains in motion.
Source:quran.al-islam.org


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