بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

الم {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:1]

Refer to the commentary of al Baqarah: 1 for Alif, Lam, Mim (huruf muqatta-at).


أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَنْ يُتْرَكُوا أَنْ يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:2]

Islam aims at the actual practice and not a mere verbal declaration of faith. There is no salvation of any individual at mere profession of faith without disciplining his self in line with the dictates of Islam. No one will be let off merely on saying that they have believed.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Ayyashi narrates from Imam Ali bin Muhammad an Naqi that Ibn Abbas, after the departure of the Holy Prophet from this world, told Ali:

“Go to the people. They will pay allegiance to you.”

In reply Ali quoted this verse.


وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:3]

Imam Ali said:

” ‘Allah knows’ means that He examines and tests the believers to distinguish the righteous from the wicked.”

The Holy Prophet said that with his departure from this world the guidance coming from Allah by revelation through Jibrail will end, but the evil of mischief mongers will continue. Muslims will be tried and tested in times of discord among people so as to distinguish the genuine believers from the bogus pretenders in faith (see commentary of al Bara-at: 64). The Holy Prophet and the Imams in his Ahl ul Bayt are the thoroughly purified ideals for the true believers. The opportunist pretenders deviated from the true path of Allah and did not follow the Imams of the Ahl ul Bayt in order to usurp the temporal authority, but these Imams, in all ages, remain the true guides for all Muslims.

The Holy Prophet said: “My Ahl ul Bayt are like the ark of Nuh. Whoso sails on it is safe, but he who holds back shall perish.” Also refer to the commentary of Ali Imran: 140 and 141. Even the great prophet Ibrahim was tested (al Baqarah : 124). Everyone is tested and tried (al Baqarah: 155). The greatest test to manifest the highest qualities of a true servant of Allah was held in Karbala in 61 Hijra. See the biography of Imam Husayn “The King of Martyrs” published by our Trust.


أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ أَنْ يَسْبِقُونَا ۚ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:4]

مَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ لَآتٍ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:5]

“Meeting with Allah” does not imply seeing Him. It refers to the resurrection and the final judgement on the day of reckoning.


وَمَنْ جَاهَدَ فَإِنَّمَا يُجَاهِدُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:6]

Jihad, in its total rational perspective, does not mean a war against some enemy. It means striving, specially against one’s own self, which is the greatest jihad. One who strives in the way of Allah, does it for his own good.


وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَحْسَنَ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:7]

Allah gives incentive and encouragement to the sinners to amend themselves and become righteous. It is a self-destructive theory to believe that mere faith in some prophet or saint will save from punishment despite indulgence in the gravest sins and crimes, because this way the offenders will remain habitual sinners.

The Christian doctrine advocating salvation of Christian believers through the blood of Jesus is ridiculous, since it implies that Allah has lost His authority over sinners.

The sins of those who believe, turn repentant to Allah and amend themselves will be wiped out by Allah.

For effective intercession by those whom Allah has given permission see commentary of al Baqarah: 48, 255; Nisa: 48; Yunus: 3; Maryam: 87; Ta Ha: 109; and Anbiya: 28


وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حُسْنًا ۖ وَإِنْ جَاهَدَاكَ لِتُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۚ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:8]

Islam commands all children to obey theirparents, making it compulsory as long as they are not asked by parents to do anything against Allah; but in everything else, not forbidden by Allah, the children must obey their parents. See commentary of Bani Israil : 23.


وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُدْخِلَنَّهُمْ فِي الصَّالِحِينَ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:9]

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ فَإِذَا أُوذِيَ فِي اللَّهِ جَعَلَ فِتْنَةَ النَّاسِ كَعَذَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَئِنْ جَاءَ نَصْرٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّا كُنَّا مَعَكُمْ ۚ أَوَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَعْلَمَ بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:10]

Those who deserted the Holy Prophet in the battles of Uhad and Hunayn were weak in faith. Islam had not entered their hearts, it was only skin deep and some of them ran away, disappearing from the city for days together (refer to the commentary of al Bara-at: 25 to 27 and verses of Ali Imran mentioned therein).


وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:11] (see commentary for verse 10)

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّبِعُوا سَبِيلَنَا وَلْنَحْمِلْ خَطَايَاكُمْ وَمَا هُمْ بِحَامِلِينَ مِنْ خَطَايَاهُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:12]

وَلَيَحْمِلُنَّ أَثْقَالَهُمْ وَأَثْقَالًا مَعَ أَثْقَالِهِمْ ۖ وَلَيُسْأَلُنَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَمَّا كَانُوا يَفْتَرُونَ {13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:13]

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا فَأَخَذَهُمُ الطُّوفَانُ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:14]

Nuh lived for 950 years. It is also testified by a version of the Bible (Genesis: 29). Refer to the commentary of Hud: 25 to 48 and Shu-ara: 105 to 119.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

According to the Holy Prophet his Ahl ul Bayt are like the ark of Nuh. Those who have boarded the ship of salvation are saved but those who hold back are drowned and lost for ever.


فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَأَصْحَابَ السَّفِينَةِ وَجَعَلْنَاهَا آيَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:15] (see commentary for verse 14)

وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاتَّقُوهُ ۖ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:16]

Refer to the commentary of Anbiya: 52.


إِنَّمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْثَانًا وَتَخْلُقُونَ إِفْكًا ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ لَكُمْ رِزْقًا فَابْتَغُوا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الرِّزْقَ وَاعْبُدُوهُ وَاشْكُرُوا لَهُ ۖ إِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:17] (see commentary for verse 16)

وَإِنْ تُكَذِّبُوا فَقَدْ كَذَّبَ أُمَمٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ ۖ وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:18]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The prophets of Allah are not concerned whether people believe or disbelieve.


أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَيْفَ يُبْدِئُ اللَّهُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ {19}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:19]

قُلْ سِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ بَدَأَ الْخَلْقَ ۚ ثُمَّ اللَّهُ يُنْشِئُ النَّشْأَةَ الْآخِرَةَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {20}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:20]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Refer to my note in the commentary of verse 69 of an Naml. The nature of journey is intellectual, not physical. History is the development of the past into the present and the present into the future as stated in my note of verses 87 and 88 of an Naml.


يُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَرْحَمُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۖ وَإِلَيْهِ تُقْلَبُونَ {21}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:21]

وَمَا أَنْتُمْ بِمُعْجِزِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ ۖ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ {22}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:22]

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَلِقَائِهِ أُولَٰئِكَ يَئِسُوا مِنْ رَحْمَتِي وَأُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {23}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:23]

فَمَا كَانَ جَوَابَ قَوْمِهِ إِلَّا أَنْ قَالُوا اقْتُلُوهُ أَوْ حَرِّقُوهُ فَأَنْجَاهُ اللَّهُ مِنَ النَّارِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ {24}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:24]

Refer to the commentary of Anbiya: 51 to 70 for Ibrahim; and al Baqarah: 124.


وَقَالَ إِنَّمَا اتَّخَذْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْثَانًا مَوَدَّةَ بَيْنِكُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ ثُمَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكْفُرُ بَعْضُكُمْ بِبَعْضٍ وَيَلْعَنُ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا وَمَأْوَاكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِنْ نَاصِرِينَ {25}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:25] (see commentary for verse 24)

فَآمَنَ لَهُ لُوطٌ ۘ وَقَالَ إِنِّي مُهَاجِرٌ إِلَىٰ رَبِّي ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {26}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:26] (see commentary for verse 24)

وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي ذُرِّيَّتِهِ النُّبُوَّةَ وَالْكِتَابَ وَآتَيْنَاهُ أَجْرَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَإِنَّهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ لَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ{27}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:27] (see commentary for verse 24)

وَلُوطًا إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَأْتُونَ الْفَاحِشَةَ مَا سَبَقَكُمْ بِهَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ {28}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:28]

Refer to the commentary of Hud: 69 to 82 for Lut and his people.


أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَأْتُونَ الرِّجَالَ وَتَقْطَعُونَ السَّبِيلَ وَتَأْتُونَ فِي نَادِيكُمُ الْمُنْكَرَ ۖ فَمَا كَانَ جَوَابَ قَوْمِهِ إِلَّا أَنْ قَالُوا ائْتِنَا بِعَذَابِ اللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ {29}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:29] (see commentary for verse 28)

قَالَ رَبِّ انْصُرْنِي عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْمُفْسِدِينَ {30}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:30] (see commentary for verse 28)

وَلَمَّا جَاءَتْ رُسُلُنَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ بِالْبُشْرَىٰ قَالُوا إِنَّا مُهْلِكُو أَهْلِ هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ ۖ إِنَّ أَهْلَهَا كَانُوا ظَالِمِينَ {31}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:31] (see commentary for verse 28)

قَالَ إِنَّ فِيهَا لُوطًا ۚ قَالُوا نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ فِيهَا ۖ لَنُنَجِّيَنَّهُ وَأَهْلَهُ إِلَّا امْرَأَتَهُ كَانَتْ مِنَ الْغَابِرِينَ {32}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:32] (see commentary for verse 28)

وَلَمَّا أَنْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُنَا لُوطًا سِيءَ بِهِمْ وَضَاقَ بِهِمْ ذَرْعًا وَقَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ وَلَا تَحْزَنْ ۖ إِنَّا مُنَجُّوكَ وَأَهْلَكَ إِلَّا امْرَأَتَكَ كَانَتْ مِنَ الْغَابِرِينَ {33}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:33] (see commentary for verse 28)

إِنَّا مُنْزِلُونَ عَلَىٰ أَهْلِ هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ {34}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:34] (see commentary for verse 28)

وَلَقَدْ تَرَكْنَا مِنْهَا آيَةً بَيِّنَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ {35}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:35] (see commentary for verse 28)

وَإِلَىٰ مَدْيَنَ أَخَاهُمْ شُعَيْبًا فَقَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَارْجُوا الْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ {36}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:36]

Refer to the commentary of Araf: 85 to 93 for prophet Shu-ayb and his people.


فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ {37}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:37] (see commentary for verse 36)

وَعَادًا وَثَمُودَ وَقَدْ تَبَيَّنَ لَكُمْ مِنْ مَسَاكِنِهِمْ ۖ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فَصَدَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَكَانُوا مُسْتَبْصِرِينَ {38}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:38]

Refer to the commentary of Araf: 65 to 72 for the people of Ad; and Araf: 73 to 79 for the people of Thamud.


وَقَارُونَ وَفِرْعَوْنَ وَهَامَانَ ۖ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مُوسَىٰ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَاسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا كَانُوا سَابِقِينَ {39}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:39]

Refer to the commentary of Qasas: 76 to 82 for Qarun; Qasas: 6 for Haman and Araf: 103 to 137; Yunus: 75 to 92; Hud: 96 to 99; Ta Ha: 42 to 53 and 56 to 79 and Shu-ara: 10 to 69 for Firawn and Musa.


فَكُلًّا أَخَذْنَا بِذَنْبِهِ ۖ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِ حَاصِبًا وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ أَخَذَتْهُ الصَّيْحَةُ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ خَسَفْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ أَغْرَقْنَا ۚ وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ {40}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:40]

Refer to the commentary of the verses mentioned above in 24 to 27, 28 to 35, 36 to 37, 38 and 39 for the punishment inflicted upon the beliers of the messengers of Allah.


مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ كَمَثَلِ الْعَنْكَبُوتِ اتَّخَذَتْ بَيْتًا ۖ وَإِنَّ أَوْهَنَ الْبُيُوتِ لَبَيْتُ الْعَنْكَبُوتِ ۖ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ {41}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:41]

Belief in falsehood is like a fragile spider’s web which cannot withstand the slightest of wind. Whenever the reason behind any logical argument is brought to bear upon the false dogmas of wrong belief the whole fabric of falsehood is torn to pieces, as a spider’s web is blown away by wind.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

To the spider, who artistically construct an intricate combination of network, his abode is like a fortress, but a slight disturbance proves that it was the flimsiest of houses. Likewise theories built upon conjecture by human minds to challenge the laws or will of Allah are more feeble than spider’s web.


إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {42}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:42]

وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ ۖ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَا إِلَّا الْعَالِمُونَ {43}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:43]

The disbelievers used to ridicule the example of spider’s web. Quran says that its analogies and parables can only be understood by those endowed with the power of understanding.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The physical world of senses is an allusive illustration of the reality of spiritual existence.

The Holy Prophet said:

“Man’s life in this world is a dream. He comes out of sleep when he dies.”

Verse 22 of Qaf says:

“You were completely heedless of this day (the day of resurrection). We have removed the veil from your eyes.”


خَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ {44}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:44]

اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ ۖ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ {45}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:45]

Through the Holy Prophet, the believers are addressed to pray salat regularly because it is the greatest remembrance of Allah. See commentary of Baqarah: 45 and Ta Ha: 132.

For the recitation of the Quran refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 121. The recitation of the Quran implies-reciting it, studying it, understanding it and preaching it-which cannot be properly carried out unless one follows the Ahl ul Bayt (see hadith al thaqalayn on page 6).


وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَٰهُنَا وَإِلَٰهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ {46}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:46]

Disputes about religious belief are considered futile and the use of force in religious controversy is not allowed.

Islam recognises the truthfulness of every prophet of Allah and the genuineness of what was revealed to him, but that which was given to the prophets, preceding the Holy Prophet, was sectional and seasonal, not universal and permanent as the message of Islam conveyed to mankind through the Holy Prophet.


وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ ۚ فَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ ۖ وَمِنْ هَٰؤُلَاءِ مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ ۚ وَمَا يَجْحَدُ بِآيَاتِنَا إِلَّا الْكَافِرُونَ {47}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:47]

The Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet joined his Ahl ul Bayt with the Quran to establish them as total guidance inseparable from each other (refer to hadith al thaqalayn on page 6). They are those whom Allah gave the knowledge of the book (see commentary of al Baqarah: 2 and 124 and Ali Imran: 7). Those who have the knowledge of the Quran are also fully aware of the books given to other prophets. The Holy Prophet and his Ahl ul Bayt are the signs of Allah. Only the disbelievers deny the signs of Allah.


وَمَا كُنْتَ تَتْلُو مِنْ قَبْلِهِ مِنْ كِتَابٍ وَلَا تَخُطُّهُ بِيَمِينِكَ ۖ إِذًا لَارْتَابَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ {48}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:48]

The Holy Prophet received knowledge and wisdom directly from Allah. Refer to the commentary of al Baqarah: 78.

This passage shows that the Holy Prophet did not acquire knowledge of reading or writing as other scholars do after taking lessons from tutors and teachers.

This view is supported by the first four verses of ar Rahman which declare that Allah Himself taught “Quran” and “Bayan” (expression) to the Holy Prophet. It is therefore incorrect to hold that he was incapable of reading or writing, otherwise he who was deprived of the capacity of reading or writing would not be commissioned by Allah as a prophet to teach the book and wisdom to the people (see Jumu-ah: 2 and Alaq: 4 and 5).

The Holy Prophet was divinely gifted with all knowledge, and so were the Ahl ul Bayt who were the heavenly depositories of knowledge of the word of Allah revealed through the Quran and previous scriptures. To ordinary men their knowledge and wisdom is a miracle.


بَلْ هُوَ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ فِي صُدُورِ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ ۚ وَمَا يَجْحَدُ بِآيَاتِنَا إِلَّا الظَّالِمُونَ {49}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:49]

Refer to the commentary of verse 47.

The Holy Prophet said: “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.”

Refer to the commentary of Ali Imran: 7 and 18 and Nisa: 162.

No previously revealed scripture was ever made to be preserved in the memory of people, it is only the Quran’s miracle that it is preserved in the memory of millions with such precision that if all written copies be made extinct, the Quran can be reproduced without the slightest error.


وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ ۖ قُلْ إِنَّمَا الْآيَاتُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّمَا أَنَا نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ {50}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:50]

Miracles are wrought only at Allah’s independent will and not at the demand of people as and when they ask for them. Previously, the miracles shown to them did not have much convincing effect except satisfy their playful nature. Now, the Holy Prophet was sent not to repeat any miracles but to present the word of Allah which, as said in verse 48, itself is a great miracle.


أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِهِمْ أَنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَرَحْمَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ {51}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:51] (see commentary for verse 50)

قُلْ كَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ شَهِيدًا ۖ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۗ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْبَاطِلِ وَكَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ {52}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:52]

Refer to the commentary of An-am: 19.


وَيَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ ۚ وَلَوْلَا أَجَلٌ مُسَمًّى لَجَاءَهُمُ الْعَذَابُ وَلَيَأْتِيَنَّهُمْ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ {53}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:53]

Allah’s plan is executed by Allah Himself. It could neither be hastened by anyone nor deferred. It will come when Allah wills. See commentary of Yunus: 51 and Hajj: 47.


يَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ {54}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:54]

It is to be emphasised that there is no use asking for early punishment, hell would certainly encompass all the disbelievers.


يَوْمَ يَغْشَاهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَمِنْ تَحْتِ أَرْجُلِهِمْ وَيَقُولُ ذُوقُوا مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {55}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:55]

Refer to the commentary of An-am: 65.


يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ أَرْضِي وَاسِعَةٌ فَإِيَّايَ فَاعْبُدُونِ {56}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:56]

The Muslims who had stayed behind in Makka passed their life in a miserable state owing to the tortures given by disbelievers. This verse conveys that if they were bothered at Makka too much they might migrate to Madina where they would be safe and free. It carries the clear instruction that attachment to one’s homeland should not make one yield to any authority other than Allah.


كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ {57}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:57]

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُبَوِّئَنَّهُمْ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ غُرَفًا تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ نِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ {58}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:58]

الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ {59}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:59]

وَكَأَيِّنْ مِنْ دَابَّةٍ لَا تَحْمِلُ رِزْقَهَا اللَّهُ يَرْزُقُهَا وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ {60}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:60]

It is a tacit injunction that control on reproduction of life (family planning) for economic considerations is to be avoided, for it is Allah who provides all sustenance. Refer to the commentary of Bani Israil: 31.


وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّهُ ۖ فَأَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ {61}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:61]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

To remove man’s economic apprehensions, the Quran draws attention to the fact that the creation of heavens, the earth and the heavenly bodies including man himself, and the destruction and death of all are beyond human will and choice.


اللَّهُ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ {62}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:62]

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ نَزَّلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَحْيَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَوْتِهَا لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّهُ ۚ قُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ {63}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:63]

وَمَا هَٰذِهِ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا لَهْوٌ وَلَعِبٌ ۚ وَإِنَّ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ لَهِيَ الْحَيَوَانُ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ {64}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:64]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Refer to the commentary of An-am: 32. The comforts and hardships of the life of this world are not important. They are a test and trial. The life of hereafter is real and eternal.


فَإِذَا رَكِبُوا فِي الْفُلْكِ دَعَوُا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ فَلَمَّا نَجَّاهُمْ إِلَى الْبَرِّ إِذَا هُمْ يُشْرِكُونَ {65}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:65]

لِيَكْفُرُوا بِمَا آتَيْنَاهُمْ وَلِيَتَمَتَّعُوا ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ {66}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:66]

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا جَعَلْنَا حَرَمًا آمِنًا وَيُتَخَطَّفُ النَّاسُ مِنْ حَوْلِهِمْ ۚ أَفَبِالْبَاطِلِ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَبِنِعْمَةِ اللَّهِ يَكْفُرُونَ {67}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:67]

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُ ۚ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِلْكَافِرِينَ {68}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:68]

وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ {69}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 29:69]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Allah is always with those who do good to others; and He guides those who strive in His way. This is the most promising assurance held out for those who sincerely strive in the way of Allah.


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