بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

حم {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:1]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 1.

 

تَنْزِيلُ الْكِتَابِ مِنَ اللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَكِيمِ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:2]

Refer to the commentary of Zumar: 1 and 2 ; Zukhruf: 2 to 4.

 

إِنَّ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ لَآيَاتٍ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:3]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 164.

Imam Ali said:

“Allah brought about the creation, conditions and circumstances the operation of all that has been created under precise (self) regulating laws, in the sphere of time and space, made their unlike, complex and diverse dispositions agree and fit well together, implanted and infused rhythm and balance and co-ordination in their nature, to give them the inbuilt discipline that follows a pattern (system).”

The unity of the creator Lord is manifested in the harmony and order found in the functioning of the nature all over the universe. The book of creation presents unity in diversity, and proves the infinite wisdom, omnipotence and justice of the creator Lord of the worlds.

Though He has power over all things, He does not make arbitrary changes in the laws made by Him to regulate the discipline of the working of the universe, because He is just. By discovering the laws operating the universe, man today is conditioning his activities to achieve success. To a great extent he is moving in the right direction because he follows and obeys the laws made by Allah. It is a clear guidance to him that when strict adherence to the physical laws brings him success, he should also follow and obey the laws made by Him to regulate and discipline his social behaviour so that a fair, just and harmonious order may be instituted to establish an ideal human society which is the real purpose of Islam so far as the life of this world is concerned. He who does this will be His real representative. As said in the commentary of Bara-at: 32 and 33 it will be achieved by the inheritor of the Holy Prophet, Imam Muhammad bin Hasan al Qa-im.

Verses 6 to 10 refer to the dealers in falsehood whose ignorance of the laws explained above makes them certain losers, and eventually they are punished and destroyed. By not knowing and following or obeying the laws governing the universe and rejecting or belying the laws of Islam conveyed to them as the true guidance for regulating their individual as well as collective life in this world they are surely heading unto disaster not only here but in the life of hereafter also because as explained above those who do not know the plan and purpose of creation or wilfully refuse to follow the truth even after knowing it, fact, disbelieve in the creator Lord of the worlds.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Hadith means discourse, statement, announcement or exposition. It indicates that the Quran is not uncreated.

 

وَفِي خَلْقِكُمْ وَمَا يَبُثُّ مِنْ دَابَّةٍ آيَاتٌ لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:4] (see commentary for verse 3)

وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مِنْ رِزْقٍ فَأَحْيَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا وَتَصْرِيفِ الرِّيَاحِ آيَاتٌ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:5] (see commentary for verse 3)

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:6] (see commentary for verse 3)

وَيْلٌ لِكُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:7] (see commentary for verse 3)

يَسْمَعُ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يُصِرُّ مُسْتَكْبِرًا كَأَنْ لَمْ يَسْمَعْهَا ۖ فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:8] (see commentary for verse 3)

وَإِذَا عَلِمَ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا شَيْئًا اتَّخَذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُهِينٌ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:9] (see commentary for verse 3)

مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَلَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُمْ مَا كَسَبُوا شَيْئًا وَلَا مَا اتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:10] (see commentary for verse 3)

هَٰذَا هُدًى ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مِنْ رِجْزٍ أَلِيمٌ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:11] (see commentary for verse 3)

اللَّهُ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَكُمُ الْبَحْرَ لِتَجْرِيَ الْفُلْكُ فِيهِ بِأَمْرِهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:12]

The oceans encircling the earth are one of the most significant factors of geography. Its salt water is an agent of global sanitation. From the ocean we get means of sustenance of various kinds and other manifold benefits. The ships of all size sail on its waves for commerce and unifying people living on far off lands. They promote human intercourse, and help us to seek the bounties of Allah not only in a commercial but in an intellectual and spiritual sense. All this is by “Allah’s command”-by His beneficent ordering and arrangement of the universe, as described in the commentary of verses 3 to 11; and for all His mercy and beneficence we should thank Him.

 

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا مِنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ {13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:13]

The sea, in the preceding verse, is only only example of Allah’s cherishing care in making all things in nature available for the use of man. He has subjected to him all that is in the universe. Man through his genius and faculties given to him by Allah can conquer the worlds if only he follows His laws and obeys His commands.

 

قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يَغْفِرُوا لِلَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ أَيَّامَ اللَّهِ لِيَجْزِيَ قَوْمًا بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:14]

The disbelievers do not remember the punishment inflicted upon like of them in the days of Nuh, Lut, Salih, Shu-ayb and Musa, nor do they realise that Allah may seize them at any time.

 

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَسَاءَ فَعَلَيْهَا ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:15]

Ordinarily good and evil meet their consequences even in this world, but in any case there is the final day of reckoning when all will be gathered together before their Lord.

 

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ وَرَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:16]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 47, 89 to 91; Ma-idah: 48; Yunus: 93; Hud: 110; Ta Ha: 9 to 98 and other references mentioned therein.

The Quran is a guidance and a mercy from the lord to the sincere believers, but as Ali Imran: 138 says it is only a narration to the ordinary people. In view of Baqarah: 2, 177; Ahzab: 33, read with Waqi-ah: 77 to 99 and hadith al thaqalayn, guidance can only be had from the men of assured faith, the Ahl ul Bayt, because ignorant men are of no use or service to the cause of Allah. They have no power at all to guide people. Only the man of assured faith is a guide and a mercy. Refer to the commentary of Hud: 17.

The Holy Prophet said

“My Ahl ul Bayt are like the ark of Nuh. Whosoever sails on it is safe, and whosoever holds back is drowned and lost for ever.”

 

وَآتَيْنَاهُمْ بَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَمَا اخْتَلَفُوا إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَقْضِي بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:17] (see commentary for verse 16)

ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَىٰ شَرِيعَةٍ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ فَاتَّبِعْهَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:18] (see commentary for verse 16)

إِنَّهُمْ لَنْ يُغْنُوا عَنْكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ۚ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۖ وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الْمُتَّقِينَ {19}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:19] (see commentary for verse 16)

هَٰذَا بَصَائِرُ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ {20}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:20] (see commentary for verse 16)

أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ أَنْ نَجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَوَاءً مَحْيَاهُمْ وَمَمَاتُهُمْ ۚ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ {21}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:21]

The evildoers are not like the righteous; neither in life nor in death are they equal. In life the righteous are guided by Allah and receive His grace, and after death His mercy. The evildoers reject His guidance in life, and after death they are condemned for ever. The life of the righteous who have received divine grace and guidance is real, not like the normal life of the wicked which, devoid of divine guidance and grace, is really death. The physical death of the righteous which brings them to, eternal life of bliss and salvation is not like the physical death of the wicked which brings them to eternal misery.

 

وَخَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ وَلِتُجْزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ {22}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:22]

أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَنْ يَهْدِيهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ اللَّهِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ {23}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:23]

Refer to Baqarah: 7; Araf: 100 to 102; Yunus: 74; Nahl: 108; Bani Israil: 46.

 

وَقَالُوا مَا هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَا إِلَّا الدَّهْرُ ۚ وَمَا لَهُمْ بِذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ ۖ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ {24}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:24]

Refer to Muminun: 37.

 

وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ مَا كَانَ حُجَّتَهُمْ إِلَّا أَنْ قَالُوا ائْتُوا بِآبَائِنَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ {25}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:25]

Refer to Dukhan: 35 and 36.

 

قُلِ اللَّهُ يُحْيِيكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يَجْمَعُكُمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {26}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:26]

وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَخْسَرُ الْمُبْطِلُونَ {27}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:27]

وَتَرَىٰ كُلَّ أُمَّةٍ جَاثِيَةً ۚ كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ تُدْعَىٰ إِلَىٰ كِتَابِهَا الْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {28}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:28]

Refer to Maryam: 72.

 

هَٰذَا كِتَابُنَا يَنْطِقُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا نَسْتَنْسِخُ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {29}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:29]

Refer to Zukhruf: 80.

 

فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَيُدْخِلُهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ فِي رَحْمَتِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْمُبِينُ {30}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:30]

Refer to Dukhan: 57.

 

وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَفَلَمْ تَكُنْ آيَاتِي تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ فَاسْتَكْبَرْتُمْ وَكُنْتُمْ قَوْمًا مُجْرِمِينَ {31}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:31]

وَإِذَا قِيلَ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَالسَّاعَةُ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهَا قُلْتُمْ مَا نَدْرِي مَا السَّاعَةُ إِنْ نَظُنُّ إِلَّا ظَنًّا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمُسْتَيْقِنِينَ {32}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:32]

وَبَدَا لَهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُ مَا عَمِلُوا وَحَاقَ بِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ {33}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:33]

Refer to Hud: 8.

 

وَقِيلَ الْيَوْمَ نَنْسَاكُمْ كَمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَٰذَا وَمَأْوَاكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِنْ نَاصِرِينَ {34}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:34]

Refer to Araf: 51.

ذَٰلِكُمْ بِأَنَّكُمُ اتَّخَذْتُمْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ هُزُوًا وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا ۚ فَالْيَوْمَ لَا يُخْرَجُونَ مِنْهَا وَلَا هُمْ يُسْتَعْتَبُونَ {35}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:35]

فَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَرَبِّ الْأَرْضِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ {36}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:36]

وَلَهُ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {37}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 45:37]
Source:quran.al-islam.org


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