بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

يُسَبِّحُ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ الْمَلِكِ الْقُدُّوسِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَكِيمِ {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:1]

See commentary of Hadid: 1; Hashr: 1 and Bani Israil: 44.


هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:2]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 78; Ali Imran: 48 and 49 for the word “ummi” in connection with the Holy Prophet.

Yuzakkihim (purifies them) asserts the absolute purity of the Holy Prophet, because he who is thoroughly purified by Allah (see commentary of Ahzab: 33) can alone purify others. Among the thoroughly purified are he and his Ahl ul Bayt.

In verse 129 of Baqarah prophets Ibrahim and Ismail pray to the Lord:

“Raise up in them a messenger from among them who will recite to them your revelations, and teach them the book and the wisdom, and purify them.”

In fulfilment Allah sent the Holy Prophet as a mercy unto the worlds to guide mankind. As stated in verse 164 of Ali Imran it was a divine grace and favour. Man does not favour the Holy Prophet by becoming a Muslim. In fact Allah has favoured man by showing him the way to belief (Hujurat: 17).

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

As stated in the commentary of Baqarah: 78 the Holy Prophet did not receive tutoring from any mortal being. Allah taught him the “book and wisdom” (Rahman: 2 and Najm: 5).

The Quran lays stress on the word ummi to point out that the appearance of a prophet among the ummies in order to educate and purify the whole mankind is a miracle.

The Holy Prophet, by reciting the revelations, attracted the attention of men and women around him; then, by turning their thoughts and feelings from sensual pursuits to intellectual and spiritual activity, he purified their hearts and minds, after which he taught them the book and the wisdom in order that they might apply the guidance in their day to day life.


وَآخَرِينَ مِنْهُمْ لَمَّا يَلْحَقُوا بِهِمْ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:3]

In general “others of them” (akharin) refers to persons or peoples, other than those among whom the Holy Prophet came as a messenger. His message was for the Arabs and the non-Arabs as well as for those who live in other ages.

When asked who were referred to in this verse, the Holy Prophet pointed out Salman, who was a non-Arab.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

In addition to what has been stated above. There is a wellknown tradition that at the time of the revelation of this verse the Holy Prophet referred to the people of Iran from where Salman came.


ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:4]

That which has been given to mankind (stated in verses 2 and 3) is a result of Allah’s unbounded generosity to all. He bestows His grace on whom He wills. He is almighty, all-wise.

Some poor believers told the Holy Prophet that the rich are blessed with means to give alms, liberate slaves and perform hajj, while the poor are deprived of earning the rewards which fall due by doing such deeds. The Holy Prophet said: “Recite la ilaha ilallah hundred times, and you will get better reward than the rich who give alms, liberate slaves and perform hajj.” When the rich heard this advice they also began to recite la ilaha illalla hundred times in addition to that which they were commanded to do.


مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا ۚ بِئْسَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:5]

The children of Israil were chosen as special agency for Allah’s message in the beginning, but, when their descendants corrupted the message and became guilty of all the abominations to correct which prophets like Isa were sent and failed, they merely became like beasts of burden that carry learning and wisdom on their backs but do not understand or profit by it.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

It is also a warning to those Muslims who learn the Quran by heart and recite its verses but do not follow its guidance.


قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ هَادُوا إِنْ زَعَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ لِلَّهِ مِنْ دُونِ النَّاسِ فَتَمَنَّوُا الْمَوْتَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:6]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 94, 95, 96.

Aqa Mabdi Puya says:

A true wali (friend or lover) of Allah is not only free from the fear of death but awaits it at every turn and crossing of the path of his life with open arms.

Imam Ali said:

“I, the son of Abu Talib, is more familiar with death than a child is with his mother’s breast.”

He also described the true friends of Allah as under:

“Their bodies get along with this world, while their souls swing in the company of highest nobility. Had not Allah ordained their terms, their souls would not have stayed in their bodies.”


وَلَا يَتَمَنَّوْنَهُ أَبَدًا بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالظَّالِمِينَ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:7] (see commentary for verse 6)

قُلْ إِنَّ الْمَوْتَ الَّذِي تَفِرُّونَ مِنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ مُلَاقِيكُمْ ۖ ثُمَّ تُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:8] (see commentary for verse 6)

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:9]

Yawmil jumu-ah literally means “the day of congregation.”

As Makka is the most preferred city among all the places of the world, and Ramadan is of higher rank among an the months, similarly Friday is superior to the other six days of the week.

The Holy Prophet said:

“Friday is the best of all days of the week. Good done on Friday earns many rewards, while invocations made are accepted.”

Friday is also known as:

(i) Yawm al Mawlud-The birthday of the Holy Prophet. Imam Mahdi al Qa-im was also born on Friday.

(ii) Yawm al Fazl-The day of grace.

(iii) Yawm al barkat-the day of blessings.

(iv) Yawm al ijabat-the day of acceptance of invocations and prayers.

(v) Yawm al id-The day of rejoicing.

(vi) Yawm al ghuzwa-The day of endeavour.

(vii) Yawm al Karamat-the day of honour.

(viii) Yawm al mazid-the day of abundance.

While migrating from Makka to Madina, the Holy Prophet made a halt at Quba, a place 3 miles away from Madina. On Friday he proceeded to Madina. When he entered the valley of Bani Salim bin Awf it was time for Friday prayers. A place was selected there as a temporary masjid, and after delivering a sermon he prayed Friday prayers.

The wise ordinances of Islam provide ample opportunities of social contact for the Muslims.

Each individual remembers Allah five times every day in the home or place of business or local masjid. On Friday, in every week, there is a local meeting in the central masjid of each local centre; it may be a village, or town or ward of a big city. At the two ids every year there is a local area meeting in one centre, the idgah. Once at least in a lifetime, a Muslim, having sufficient means, joins the vast international assemblage of the world, in the centre of Islam, at Kabah. The primary purpose in all the obligatory and optional forms of worship is the remembrance of glorification of Allah, but they also create spirit of unity, brotherhood and collective understanding and provide opportunities for mutual consultation and action.

The idea behind the Muslim weekly “day of assembly” is different from that of the Jewish Sabbath (Saturday) or the Christian Sunday. The Jewish Sabbath is primarily a commemoration of God’s ending his work and resting on the seventh day (Genesis 2: 2; Exodus 20: 11). According to the Quran Allah needs no rest, nor does He feel fatigue (Baqarah: 255). The Jewish command forbids work on the day of Sabbath but says nothing about worship or prayer; but the Islamic ordinance lays stress on the remembrance of Allah. The Christian church had changed the Saturday to Sunday but inherited the Jewish spirit.

Islam says: “When the time for Jumu-ah prayer comes, discontinue every activity and answer the call to prayer, meet earnestly, pray, consult and learn by social contact; and when the meeting is over, scatter and go about your business.”

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Although hastening to the remembrance of Allah has been ordained in this verse, but there is no mention of the form of prayer. It was the Holy Prophet, the divinely authorised authority on the Quran, who showed the people how to pray every type of salat. The details and the conditions of ibadat (worship),mamilat (all social and individual activities) and siyasiyat (collective living) are decided and finalised according to the sayings and doings of the Holy Prophet and his authorised successors, the Imams of the Ahl ul Bayt, which is known as Islamic jurisprudence.

The right to call to congregational prayer, according to the Holy Prophet and the Imams of Ahl ul Bayt rests with the just or the divinely appointed head of the Islamic state and his appointed deputies.


فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَانْتَشِرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَابْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:10] (see commentary for verse 9)

وَإِذَا رَأَوْا تِجَارَةً أَوْ لَهْوًا انْفَضُّوا إِلَيْهَا وَتَرَكُوكَ قَائِمًا ۚ قُلْ مَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ مِنَ اللَّهْوِ وَمِنَ التِّجَارَةِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 62:11]

The believers are admonished not to get distracted by involvement in amusement and worldly gain at the cost of their duty to Allah. Once when the Holy Prophet was offering the Friday prayers, a caravan entered the town singing, beating drums and playing musical instruments. According to Jabir, save twelve persons including Jabir, everyone who was in the congregation standing behind the Holy Prophet left the masjid and ran to witness the merry-making caravan and transact business with them. Thrice did the people behave like this, then this verse was revealed.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says

Compare this passage with the verse Nur: 37. According to Jabir, whenever the caravans came, all used to leave masjid save a very few.

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