AL-MĀʾIDAH

The Table

المائدة

Medinan (surah 5 • 120 ayahs)

»The surah that mentions the story of THE TABLE from Heaven that God sent down at the request of the Disciples to be a clear sign to them of the unambiguous truth that Jesus was, indeed, the awaited Messiah and Prophet of God. It takes its name from “the table” (al-māʾidah) mentioned in verse 112 ff. A central theme of this surah is the regulation of lawful and unlawful food, obedience to which is part of the pledge between God and the believers (verse 1 ff. and verse 87 ff.). Part of the surah concerns hunting for food during the pilgrimage and respect for the rites of pilgrimage. God had also taken pledges from the Jews and Christians and the section between verse 13 and verse 86 deals with what these two communities did to their pledges, and with their relationships with the Muslims. The passage from verse 109 ff. deals with the afterlife and the verdict of the messengers on the behaviour of their respective communities. Jesus, in particular, is given prominence here: mention is made of the feast for which his disciples asked him to pray to God, which gives the surah its title, and of his renunciation of any claim to divinity.«

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,

THE ALL-BENEFICENT, THE ALL-MERCIFUL.

1

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا أوفوا بالعقود ۚ أحلت لكم بهيمة الأنعام إلا ما يتلى عليكم غير محلي الصيد وأنتم حرم ۗ إن الله يحكم ما يريد

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Keep your agreements. You are permitted animals of grazing livestock, disallowing game while you are in pilgrim sanctity.1 Indeed Allah decrees whatever He desires.

That is, while you are in a state of iḥrām, while performing ḥajj or ʿumrah.

2

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تحلوا شعائر الله ولا الشهر الحرام ولا الهدي ولا القلائد ولا آمين البيت الحرام يبتغون فضلا من ربهم ورضوانا ۚ وإذا حللتم فاصطادوا ۚ ولا يجرمنكم شنآن قوم أن صدوكم عن المسجد الحرام أن تعتدوا ۘ وتعاونوا على البر والتقوى ۖ ولا تعاونوا على الإثم والعدوان ۚ واتقوا الله ۖ إن الله شديد العقاب

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not violate Allah’s sacraments, neither the sacred month,1 nor the offering,2 nor the necklaces, nor those bound3 for the Sacred House who seek their Lord’s grace and [His] pleasure. But when you emerge from pilgrim sanctity you may hunt for game. Ill feeling for a people should not lead you, because they barred you from [entering] the Sacred Mosque, to transgress. Cooperate in piety and Godwariness, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression, and be wary of Allah. Indeed Allah is severe in retribution.

That is, the month of Dhū al-Ḥijjah, during which the ḥajj is performed.

That is, the sheep, camel or cow brought for the sacrifice. The ‘necklaces’ mean the token objects hung around the neck of the sacrificial animal.

That is, the pilgrims heading for ḥajj or ʿumrah.

3

القرآن:

حرمت عليكم الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير وما أهل لغير الله به والمنخنقة والموقوذة والمتردية والنطيحة وما أكل السبع إلا ما ذكيتم وما ذبح على النصب وأن تستقسموا بالأزلام ۚ ذلكم فسق ۗ اليوم يئس الذين كفروا من دينكم فلا تخشوهم واخشون ۚ اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا ۚ فمن اضطر في مخمصة غير متجانف لإثم ۙ فإن الله غفور رحيم

TRANSLATION:

You are prohibited carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, and what has been offered to other than Allah, and the animal strangled or beaten to death, and that which dies by falling or is gored to death, and that which is mangled by a beast of prey —barring that which you may purify1— and what is sacrificed on stone altars [to idols], and that you should divide by raffling with arrows. All that is transgression.

Today the faithless have despaired of your religion. So do not fear them, but fear Me. Today I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed My blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam as your religion.

But should anyone be compelled by hunger, without inclining to sin, then Allah is indeed all-forgiving, all-merciful.

That is, by duly slaughtering the animal wounded by the beast of prey.

4

القرآن:

يسألونك ماذا أحل لهم ۖ قل أحل لكم الطيبات ۙ وما علمتم من الجوارح مكلبين تعلمونهن مما علمكم الله ۖ فكلوا مما أمسكن عليكم واذكروا اسم الله عليه ۖ واتقوا الله ۚ إن الله سريع الحساب

TRANSLATION:

They ask you as to what is lawful to them. Say, ‘All the good things are lawful to you.’ As for what you have taught hunting dogs [to catch], teaching them out of what Allah has taught you, eat of what they catch for you and mention Allah’s Name over it, and be wary of Allah. Indeed Allah is swift at reckoning.

5

القرآن:

اليوم أحل لكم الطيبات ۖ وطعام الذين أوتوا الكتاب حل لكم وطعامكم حل لهم ۖ والمحصنات من المؤمنات والمحصنات من الذين أوتوا الكتاب من قبلكم إذا آتيتموهن أجورهن محصنين غير مسافحين ولا متخذي أخدان ۗ ومن يكفر بالإيمان فقد حبط عمله وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين

TRANSLATION:

Today all the good things have been made lawful to you: —the food of those who were given the Book is lawful to you, and your food is lawful to them— and the chaste ones from among faithful women, and chaste women of those who were given the Book before you, when you have given them their dowries, in wedlock, not in license, nor taking paramours. Should anyone renounce his faith, his work shall fail and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter.

6

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم وأيديكم إلى المرافق وامسحوا برءوسكم وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين ۚ وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا ۚ وإن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم وأيديكم منه ۚ ما يريد الله ليجعل عليكم من حرج ولكن يريد ليطهركم وليتم نعمته عليكم لعلكم تشكرون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! When you stand up for prayer, wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe a part of your heads and your feet, up to the ankles. If you are junub, purify yourselves. But if you are sick, or on a journey, or any of you has come from the toilet, or you have touched women, and you cannot find water, then make tayammum with clean ground and wipe a part of your faces and your hands with it. Allah does not desire to put you to hardship, but He desires to purify you, and to complete His blessing upon you so that you may give thanks.

7

القرآن:

واذكروا نعمة الله عليكم وميثاقه الذي واثقكم به إذ قلتم سمعنا وأطعنا ۖ واتقوا الله ۚ إن الله عليم بذات الصدور

TRANSLATION:

Remember Allah’s blessing upon you and His covenant with which He has bound you when you said, ‘We hear and obey.’ And be wary of Allah. Indeed Allah knows best what is in the breasts.

8

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا كونوا قوامين لله شهداء بالقسط ۖ ولا يجرمنكم شنآن قوم على ألا تعدلوا ۚ اعدلوا هو أقرب للتقوى ۖ واتقوا الله ۚ إن الله خبير بما تعملون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Be maintainers, as witnesses for the sake of Allah, of justice,1 and ill feeling for a people should never lead you to be unfair. Be fair; that is nearer to Godwariness, and be wary of Allah. Allah is indeed well aware of what you do.

Cf. 4:135.

9

القرآن:

وعد الله الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات ۙ لهم مغفرة وأجر عظيم

TRANSLATION:

Allah has promised those who have faith and do righteous deeds forgiveness and a great reward.

10

القرآن:

والذين كفروا وكذبوا بآياتنا أولئك أصحاب الجحيم

TRANSLATION:

As for those who are faithless and deny Our signs, they shall be the inmates of hell.

11

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اذكروا نعمت الله عليكم إذ هم قوم أن يبسطوا إليكم أيديهم فكف أيديهم عنكم ۖ واتقوا الله ۚ وعلى الله فليتوكل المؤمنون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Remember Allah’s blessing upon you when a people set out to extend their hands against you, but He withheld their hands from you, and be wary of Allah, and in Allah let all the faithful put their trust.

12

القرآن:

۞ ولقد أخذ الله ميثاق بني إسرائيل وبعثنا منهم اثني عشر نقيبا ۖ وقال الله إني معكم ۖ لئن أقمتم الصلاة وآتيتم الزكاة وآمنتم برسلي وعزرتموهم وأقرضتم الله قرضا حسنا لأكفرن عنكم سيئاتكم ولأدخلنكم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار ۚ فمن كفر بعد ذلك منكم فقد ضل سواء السبيل

TRANSLATION:

Certainly Allah took a pledge from the Children of Israel, and We raised among them twelve chiefs. And Allah said, ‘I am with you! Surely, if you maintain the prayer and give the zakāt and have faith in My apostles and support them and lend Allah a good loan, I will surely absolve you of your misdeeds, and I will surely admit you into gardens with streams running in them. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the right way.’

13

القرآن:

فبما نقضهم ميثاقهم لعناهم وجعلنا قلوبهم قاسية ۖ يحرفون الكلم عن مواضعه ۙ ونسوا حظا مما ذكروا به ۚ ولا تزال تطلع على خائنة منهم إلا قليلا منهم ۖ فاعف عنهم واصفح ۚ إن الله يحب المحسنين

TRANSLATION:

Then, because of their breaking their covenant We cursed them and made their hearts hard: they pervert words from their meanings, and have forgotten a part of what they were reminded. You will not cease to learn of some of their treachery, excepting a few of them. Yet excuse them and forbear. Indeed Allah loves the virtuous.

14

القرآن:

ومن الذين قالوا إنا نصارى أخذنا ميثاقهم فنسوا حظا مما ذكروا به فأغرينا بينهم العداوة والبغضاء إلى يوم القيامة ۚ وسوف ينبئهم الله بما كانوا يصنعون

TRANSLATION:

Also from those who say, ‘We are Christians,’ We took their pledge; but they forgot a part of what they were reminded. So We stirred up enmity and hatred among them until the Day of Resurrection, and soon Allah will inform them concerning what they had been doing.

15

القرآن:

يا أهل الكتاب قد جاءكم رسولنا يبين لكم كثيرا مما كنتم تخفون من الكتاب ويعفو عن كثير ۚ قد جاءكم من الله نور وكتاب مبين

TRANSLATION:

O People of the Book! Certainly Our Apostle has come to you, clarifying for you much of what you used to hide of the Book, and excusing many [an offense of yours]. Certainly there has come to you a light from Allah, and a manifest Book.

16

القرآن:

يهدي به الله من اتبع رضوانه سبل السلام ويخرجهم من الظلمات إلى النور بإذنه ويهديهم إلى صراط مستقيم

TRANSLATION:

With it Allah guides those who follow [the course of] His pleasure to the ways of peace, and brings them out from darkness into light by His will, and guides them to a straight path.

17

القرآن:

لقد كفر الذين قالوا إن الله هو المسيح ابن مريم ۚ قل فمن يملك من الله شيئا إن أراد أن يهلك المسيح ابن مريم وأمه ومن في الأرض جميعا ۗ ولله ملك السماوات والأرض وما بينهما ۚ يخلق ما يشاء ۚ والله على كل شيء قدير

TRANSLATION:

They are certainly faithless who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary.’ Say, ‘Who can avail anything against Allah should He wish to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, and his mother, and everyone upon the earth?’ To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and whatever is between them. He creates whatever He wishes, and Allah has power over all things.

18

القرآن:

وقالت اليهود والنصارى نحن أبناء الله وأحباؤه ۚ قل فلم يعذبكم بذنوبكم ۖ بل أنتم بشر ممن خلق ۚ يغفر لمن يشاء ويعذب من يشاء ۚ ولله ملك السماوات والأرض وما بينهما ۖ وإليه المصير

TRANSLATION:

The Jews and the Christians say, ‘We are Allah’s children and His beloved ones.’ Say, ‘Then why does He punish you for your sins?’ Rather you are humans from among His creatures. He forgives whomever He wishes, and punishes whomever He wishes, and to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and whatever is between them, and toward Him is the return.

19

القرآن:

يا أهل الكتاب قد جاءكم رسولنا يبين لكم على فترة من الرسل أن تقولوا ما جاءنا من بشير ولا نذير ۖ فقد جاءكم بشير ونذير ۗ والله على كل شيء قدير

TRANSLATION:

O People of the Book! Certainly Our Apostle has come to you, clarifying [the Divine teachings] for you after a gap in [the appearance of] the apostles, lest you should say, ‘There did not come to us any bearer of good news nor any warner.’ Certainly there has come to you a bearer of good news and a warner. And Allah has power over all things.

20

القرآن:

وإذ قال موسى لقومه يا قوم اذكروا نعمة الله عليكم إذ جعل فيكم أنبياء وجعلكم ملوكا وآتاكم ما لم يؤت أحدا من العالمين

TRANSLATION:

When Moses said to his people, ‘O my people, remember Allah’s blessing upon you when He appointed prophets among you, and made you kings, and gave you what none of the nations were given.

21

القرآن:

يا قوم ادخلوا الأرض المقدسة التي كتب الله لكم ولا ترتدوا على أدباركم فتنقلبوا خاسرين

TRANSLATION:

O my people, enter the Holy Land which Allah has ordained for you, and do not turn your backs or you will become losers.’

22

القرآن:

قالوا يا موسى إن فيها قوما جبارين وإنا لن ندخلها حتى يخرجوا منها فإن يخرجوا منها فإنا داخلون

TRANSLATION:

They said, ‘O Moses, there are a tyrannical people in it. We will not enter it until they leave it. But once they leave it, we will go in.’

23

القرآن:

قال رجلان من الذين يخافون أنعم الله عليهما ادخلوا عليهم الباب فإذا دخلتموه فإنكم غالبون ۚ وعلى الله فتوكلوا إن كنتم مؤمنين

TRANSLATION:

Said two men from among those who were Godfearing and whom Allah had blessed: ‘Go at them by the gate! For once you have entered it, you will be victors. Put your trust in Allah, should you be faithful.’

24

القرآن:

قالوا يا موسى إنا لن ندخلها أبدا ما داموا فيها ۖ فاذهب أنت وربك فقاتلا إنا هاهنا قاعدون

TRANSLATION:

They said, ‘O Moses, we will never enter it so long as they remain in it. Go ahead, you and your Lord, and fight! We will be sitting right here.’

25

القرآن:

قال رب إني لا أملك إلا نفسي وأخي ۖ فافرق بيننا وبين القوم الفاسقين

TRANSLATION:

He said, ‘My Lord! I have no power over [anyone] except myself and my brother, so part us from the transgressing lot.’

26

القرآن:

قال فإنها محرمة عليهم ۛ أربعين سنة ۛ يتيهون في الأرض ۚ فلا تأس على القوم الفاسقين

TRANSLATION:

He said, ‘It shall be forbidden them for forty years: they shall wander about in the earth. So do not grieve for the transgressing lot.’

27

القرآن:

۞ واتل عليهم نبأ ابني آدم بالحق إذ قربا قربانا فتقبل من أحدهما ولم يتقبل من الآخر قال لأقتلنك ۖ قال إنما يتقبل الله من المتقين

TRANSLATION:

Relate to them truly the account of Adam’s two sons. When the two of them offered an offering, it was accepted from one of them and not accepted from the other. [One of them] said, ‘Surely I will kill you.’ [The other one] said, ‘Allah accepts only from the Godwary.

28

القرآن:

لئن بسطت إلي يدك لتقتلني ما أنا بباسط يدي إليك لأقتلك ۖ إني أخاف الله رب العالمين

TRANSLATION:

Even if you extend your hand toward me to kill me, I will not extend my hand toward you to kill you. Indeed I fear Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.

29

القرآن:

إني أريد أن تبوء بإثمي وإثمك فتكون من أصحاب النار ۚ وذلك جزاء الظالمين

TRANSLATION:

I desire that you earn [the burden of] my sin1 and your sin, to become one of the inmates of the Fire, and such is the requital of the wrongdoers.’

That is, ‘the sin of murdering me.’

30

القرآن:

فطوعت له نفسه قتل أخيه فقتله فأصبح من الخاسرين

TRANSLATION:

So his soul prompted him to kill his brother, and he killed him, and thus became one of the losers.

31

القرآن:

فبعث الله غرابا يبحث في الأرض ليريه كيف يواري سوءة أخيه ۚ قال يا ويلتا أعجزت أن أكون مثل هذا الغراب فأواري سوءة أخي ۖ فأصبح من النادمين

TRANSLATION:

Then Allah sent a crow, exploring in the ground, to show him how to bury the corpse of his brother. He said, ‘Woe to me! Am I unable to be [even] like this crow and bury my brother’s corpse?’ Thus he became regretful.

32

القرآن:

من أجل ذلك كتبنا على بني إسرائيل أنه من قتل نفسا بغير نفس أو فساد في الأرض فكأنما قتل الناس جميعا ومن أحياها فكأنما أحيا الناس جميعا ۚ ولقد جاءتهم رسلنا بالبينات ثم إن كثيرا منهم بعد ذلك في الأرض لمسرفون

TRANSLATION:

That is why We decreed for the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul,1 without [its being guilty of] manslaughter or corruption on the earth, is as though he had killed all mankind, and whoever saves a life is as though he had saved all mankind. Our apostles certainly brought them manifest signs, yet even after that many of them commit excesses on the earth.

Or ‘takes a life.’

33

القرآن:

إنما جزاء الذين يحاربون الله ورسوله ويسعون في الأرض فسادا أن يقتلوا أو يصلبوا أو تقطع أيديهم وأرجلهم من خلاف أو ينفوا من الأرض ۚ ذلك لهم خزي في الدنيا ۖ ولهم في الآخرة عذاب عظيم

TRANSLATION:

Indeed the requital of those who wage war against Allah and His Apostle, and try to cause corruption on the earth, is that they shall be slain or crucified, or have their hands and feet cut off from opposite sides or be banished from the land. That is a disgrace for them in this world, and in the Hereafter there is a great punishment for them,

34

القرآن:

إلا الذين تابوا من قبل أن تقدروا عليهم ۖ فاعلموا أن الله غفور رحيم

TRANSLATION:

excepting those who repent before you capture them, and know that Allah is all-forgiving, all-merciful.

35

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وابتغوا إليه الوسيلة وجاهدوا في سبيله لعلكم تفلحون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Be wary of Allah, and seek the means of recourse to Him, and wage jihād in His way, so that you may be felicitous.

36

القرآن:

إن الذين كفروا لو أن لهم ما في الأرض جميعا ومثله معه ليفتدوا به من عذاب يوم القيامة ما تقبل منهم ۖ ولهم عذاب أليم

TRANSLATION:

Indeed if the faithless possessed all that is on the earth and as much of it besides to redeem themselves with it from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it shall not be accepted from them,1 and there is a painful punishment for them.

Cf. 13:18 and 39:47.

37

القرآن:

يريدون أن يخرجوا من النار وما هم بخارجين منها ۖ ولهم عذاب مقيم

TRANSLATION:

They would long to leave the Fire, but they shall never leave it, and there is a lasting punishment for them.

38

القرآن:

والسارق والسارقة فاقطعوا أيديهما جزاء بما كسبا نكالا من الله ۗ والله عزيز حكيم

TRANSLATION:

As for the thief, man or woman, cut off their hands as a requital for what they have earned. [That is] an exemplary punishment from Allah, and Allah is all-mighty, all-wise.

39

القرآن:

فمن تاب من بعد ظلمه وأصلح فإن الله يتوب عليه ۗ إن الله غفور رحيم

TRANSLATION:

But whoever repents after his wrongdoing, and reforms, then Allah shall accept his repentance. Indeed Allah is all-forgiving, all-merciful.

40

القرآن:

ألم تعلم أن الله له ملك السماوات والأرض يعذب من يشاء ويغفر لمن يشاء ۗ والله على كل شيء قدير

TRANSLATION:

Do you not know that to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whomever He wishes, and forgives whomever He wishes, and Allah has power over all things.

41

القرآن:

۞ يا أيها الرسول لا يحزنك الذين يسارعون في الكفر من الذين قالوا آمنا بأفواههم ولم تؤمن قلوبهم ۛ ومن الذين هادوا ۛ سماعون للكذب سماعون لقوم آخرين لم يأتوك ۖ يحرفون الكلم من بعد مواضعه ۖ يقولون إن أوتيتم هذا فخذوه وإن لم تؤتوه فاحذروا ۚ ومن يرد الله فتنته فلن تملك له من الله شيئا ۚ أولئك الذين لم يرد الله أن يطهر قلوبهم ۚ لهم في الدنيا خزي ۖ ولهم في الآخرة عذاب عظيم

TRANSLATION:

O Apostle! Do not grieve for those who are active in [promoting] unfaith, such as those who say, ‘We believe’ with their mouths, but whose hearts have no faith, and the Jews who eavesdrop with the aim of [telling] lies [against you] and eavesdrop for other people who do not come to you. They pervert words from their meanings, [and] say, ‘If you are given this, take it, but if you are not given this, beware!’ Yet whomever Allah wishes to mislead,1 you cannot avail him anything against Allah. They are the ones whose hearts Allah did not desire to purify. For them is disgrace in this world, and there is a great punishment for them in the Hereafter.

Or ‘to punish.’

42

القرآن:

سماعون للكذب أكالون للسحت ۚ فإن جاءوك فاحكم بينهم أو أعرض عنهم ۖ وإن تعرض عنهم فلن يضروك شيئا ۖ وإن حكمت فاحكم بينهم بالقسط ۚ إن الله يحب المقسطين

TRANSLATION:

Eavesdroppers with the aim of [telling] lies, eaters of the unlawful —if they come to you, judge between them, or disregard them. If you disregard them, they will not harm you in any way. But if you judge, judge between them with justice. Indeed Allah loves the just.

43

القرآن:

وكيف يحكمونك وعندهم التوراة فيها حكم الله ثم يتولون من بعد ذلك ۚ وما أولئك بالمؤمنين

TRANSLATION:

And how should they make you a judge, while with them is the Torah, in which is Allah’s judgement? Yet in spite of that they turn their backs [on Him] and they are not believers.

44

القرآن:

إنا أنزلنا التوراة فيها هدى ونور ۚ يحكم بها النبيون الذين أسلموا للذين هادوا والربانيون والأحبار بما استحفظوا من كتاب الله وكانوا عليه شهداء ۚ فلا تخشوا الناس واخشون ولا تشتروا بآياتي ثمنا قليلا ۚ ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الكافرون

TRANSLATION:

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light. The prophets, who had submitted,1 judged by it for the Jews, and so did the rabbis and the scribes, as they were charged to preserve the Book of Allah and were witnesses to it. So do not fear the people, but fear Me, and do not sell My signs for a paltry gain. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down —it is they who are the faithless.

That is, to Allah’s commandments as revealed to Moses.

45

القرآن:

وكتبنا عليهم فيها أن النفس بالنفس والعين بالعين والأنف بالأنف والأذن بالأذن والسن بالسن والجروح قصاص ۚ فمن تصدق به فهو كفارة له ۚ ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الظالمون

TRANSLATION:

And in it We prescribed for them: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, and an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and retaliation for wounds. Yet whoever remits it out of charity, that shall be an atonement for him. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down —it is they who are the wrongdoers.

46

القرآن:

وقفينا على آثارهم بعيسى ابن مريم مصدقا لما بين يديه من التوراة ۖ وآتيناه الإنجيل فيه هدى ونور ومصدقا لما بين يديه من التوراة وهدى وموعظة للمتقين

TRANSLATION:

And We followed them with Jesus son of Mary, to confirm that which was before him of the Torah, and We gave him the Evangel containing guidance and light, confirming what was before it of the Torah, and as guidance and advice for the Godwary.

47

القرآن:

وليحكم أهل الإنجيل بما أنزل الله فيه ۚ ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الفاسقون

TRANSLATION:

Let the people of the Evangel judge by what Allah has sent down in it. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down —it is they who are the transgressors.

48

القرآن:

وأنزلنا إليك الكتاب بالحق مصدقا لما بين يديه من الكتاب ومهيمنا عليه ۖ فاحكم بينهم بما أنزل الله ۖ ولا تتبع أهواءهم عما جاءك من الحق ۚ لكل جعلنا منكم شرعة ومنهاجا ۚ ولو شاء الله لجعلكم أمة واحدة ولكن ليبلوكم في ما آتاكم ۖ فاستبقوا الخيرات ۚ إلى الله مرجعكم جميعا فينبئكم بما كنتم فيه تختلفون

TRANSLATION:

We have sent down to you the Book with the truth, confirming what was before it of the Book and as a guardian over it. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down, and do not follow their desires against the truth that has come to you. For each [community] among you We had appointed a code [of law] and a path,1 and had Allah wished He would have made you one community, but [His purposes required] that He should test you in respect to what He has given you. So take the lead in all good works. To Allah shall be the return of you all, whereat He will inform you concerning that about which you used to differ.

Or, ‘For everyone of you We have appointed a way of approach, whereby he comes’ (reading minhā jāʾa, instead of minhāja).

49

القرآن:

وأن احكم بينهم بما أنزل الله ولا تتبع أهواءهم واحذرهم أن يفتنوك عن بعض ما أنزل الله إليك ۖ فإن تولوا فاعلم أنما يريد الله أن يصيبهم ببعض ذنوبهم ۗ وإن كثيرا من الناس لفاسقون

TRANSLATION:

Judge between them by what Allah has sent down, and do not follow their desires. Beware of them lest they should beguile you from part of what Allah has sent down to you. But if they turn their backs [on you], then know that Allah desires to punish them for some of their sins, and indeed many of the people are transgressors.

50

القرآن:

أفحكم الجاهلية يبغون ۚ ومن أحسن من الله حكما لقوم يوقنون

TRANSLATION:

Do they seek the judgement of [pagan] ignorance? But who is better than Allah in judgement for a people who have certainty?

51

القرآن:

۞ يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تتخذوا اليهود والنصارى أولياء ۘ بعضهم أولياء بعض ۚ ومن يتولهم منكم فإنه منهم ۗ إن الله لا يهدي القوم الظالمين

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not take the Jews and the Christians for allies: they are allies of each other. Any of you who allies with them is indeed one of them. Indeed Allah does not guide the wrongdoing lot.

52

القرآن:

فترى الذين في قلوبهم مرض يسارعون فيهم يقولون نخشى أن تصيبنا دائرة ۚ فعسى الله أن يأتي بالفتح أو أمر من عنده فيصبحوا على ما أسروا في أنفسهم نادمين

TRANSLATION:

Yet you see those in whose hearts is a sickness rushing to them, saying, ‘We fear lest a turn of fortune should visit us.’ Maybe Allah will bring about a victory, or a command from Him, and then they will be regretful for what they kept secret in their hearts,

53

القرآن:

ويقول الذين آمنوا أهؤلاء الذين أقسموا بالله جهد أيمانهم ۙ إنهم لمعكم ۚ حبطت أعمالهم فأصبحوا خاسرين

TRANSLATION:

and the faithful will say, ‘Are these the ones who swore by Allah with solemn oaths that they were with you?!’ Their works have failed, and they have become losers.

54

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا من يرتد منكم عن دينه فسوف يأتي الله بقوم يحبهم ويحبونه أذلة على المؤمنين أعزة على الكافرين يجاهدون في سبيل الله ولا يخافون لومة لائم ۚ ذلك فضل الله يؤتيه من يشاء ۚ والله واسع عليم

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Should any of you desert his religion, Allah will soon bring a people whom He loves and who love Him, [who will be] humble towards the faithful, stern towards the faithless, waging jihād in the way of Allah, not fearing the blame of any blamer. That is Allah’s grace which He grants to whomever He wishes, and Allah is all-bounteous, all-knowing.

55

القرآن:

إنما وليكم الله ورسوله والذين آمنوا الذين يقيمون الصلاة ويؤتون الزكاة وهم راكعون

TRANSLATION:

Your guardian is only Allah, His Apostle, and the faithful who maintain the prayer and give the zakāt while bowing down.

56

القرآن:

ومن يتول الله ورسوله والذين آمنوا فإن حزب الله هم الغالبون

TRANSLATION:

Whoever takes for his guardians Allah, His Apostle and the faithful [should know that] the confederates of Allah are indeed the victorious.

57

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تتخذوا الذين اتخذوا دينكم هزوا ولعبا من الذين أوتوا الكتاب من قبلكم والكفار أولياء ۚ واتقوا الله إن كنتم مؤمنين

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not take those who take your religion in derision and play, from among those who were given the Book before you, and the infidels, as friends, and be wary of Allah, should you be faithful.

58

القرآن:

وإذا ناديتم إلى الصلاة اتخذوها هزوا ولعبا ۚ ذلك بأنهم قوم لا يعقلون

TRANSLATION:

When you call to prayer, they take it in derision and play. That is because they are a people who do not apply reason.

59

القرآن:

قل يا أهل الكتاب هل تنقمون منا إلا أن آمنا بالله وما أنزل إلينا وما أنزل من قبل وأن أكثركم فاسقون

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘O People of the Book! Are you vindictive toward us1 for any reason except that we have faith in Allah and in what has been sent down to us, and in what was sent down before, and that most of you are transgressors?’

Or ‘Do you find fault with us… .’

60

القرآن:

قل هل أنبئكم بشر من ذلك مثوبة عند الله ۚ من لعنه الله وغضب عليه وجعل منهم القردة والخنازير وعبد الطاغوت ۚ أولئك شر مكانا وأضل عن سواء السبيل

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘Shall I inform you concerning something worse than that as a requital from Allah? Those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He is wrathful, and turned some of whom into apes and swine, and worshippers1 of the Rebel! Such are in a worse situation, and more astray from the right way.’

Or ‘slaves.’

61

القرآن:

وإذا جاءوكم قالوا آمنا وقد دخلوا بالكفر وهم قد خرجوا به ۚ والله أعلم بما كانوا يكتمون

TRANSLATION:

When they come to you, they say, ‘We believe.’ Certainly they enter with disbelief and leave with it, and Allah knows best as to what they have been concealing.

62

القرآن:

وترى كثيرا منهم يسارعون في الإثم والعدوان وأكلهم السحت ۚ لبئس ما كانوا يعملون

TRANSLATION:

You see many of them actively engaged in sin and aggression, and consuming illicit gains. Surely, evil is what they have been doing.

63

القرآن:

لولا ينهاهم الربانيون والأحبار عن قولهم الإثم وأكلهم السحت ۚ لبئس ما كانوا يصنعون

TRANSLATION:

Why do not the rabbis and the scribes forbid them from sinful speech and consuming illicit gains? Surely, evil is what they have been working.

64

القرآن:

وقالت اليهود يد الله مغلولة ۚ غلت أيديهم ولعنوا بما قالوا ۘ بل يداه مبسوطتان ينفق كيف يشاء ۚ وليزيدن كثيرا منهم ما أنزل إليك من ربك طغيانا وكفرا ۚ وألقينا بينهم العداوة والبغضاء إلى يوم القيامة ۚ كلما أوقدوا نارا للحرب أطفأها الله ۚ ويسعون في الأرض فسادا ۚ والله لا يحب المفسدين

TRANSLATION:

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is tied up.’ Tied up be their hands, and cursed be they for what they say! Rather, His hands are wide open: He bestows as He wishes. Surely many of them will be increased by what has been sent to you from your Lord in rebellion and unfaith, and We have cast enmity and hatred amongst them until the Day of Resurrection. Every time they ignite the flames of war, Allah puts them out. They seek to cause corruption on the earth, and Allah does not like the agents of corruption.

65

القرآن:

ولو أن أهل الكتاب آمنوا واتقوا لكفرنا عنهم سيئاتهم ولأدخلناهم جنات النعيم

TRANSLATION:

Had the People of the Book believed and been Godwary, We would surely have absolved them of their misdeeds and admitted them into gardens of bliss.

66

القرآن:

ولو أنهم أقاموا التوراة والإنجيل وما أنزل إليهم من ربهم لأكلوا من فوقهم ومن تحت أرجلهم ۚ منهم أمة مقتصدة ۖ وكثير منهم ساء ما يعملون

TRANSLATION:

Had they observed the Torah and the Evangel, and what was sent down to them from their Lord, they would surely have drawn nourishment from above them and from beneath their feet. There is an upright group among them, but evil is what many of them do.

67

القرآن:

۞ يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما أنزل إليك من ربك ۖ وإن لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته ۚ والله يعصمك من الناس ۗ إن الله لا يهدي القوم الكافرين

TRANSLATION:

O Apostle! Communicate that which has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not, you will not have communicated His message, and Allah shall protect you from the people. Indeed Allah does not guide the faithless lot.

68

القرآن:

قل يا أهل الكتاب لستم على شيء حتى تقيموا التوراة والإنجيل وما أنزل إليكم من ربكم ۗ وليزيدن كثيرا منهم ما أنزل إليك من ربك طغيانا وكفرا ۖ فلا تأس على القوم الكافرين

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘O People of the Book! You do not stand on anything until you observe the Torah and the Evangel and what was sent down to you from your Lord.’ Surely many of them will be increased by what has been sent down to you from your Lord in rebellion and unfaith. So do not grieve for the faithless lot.

69

القرآن:

إن الذين آمنوا والذين هادوا والصابئون والنصارى من آمن بالله واليوم الآخر وعمل صالحا فلا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون

TRANSLATION:

Indeed the faithful, the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians —those who have faith in Allah and the Last Day and act righteously— they will have no fear, nor will they grieve.

70

القرآن:

لقد أخذنا ميثاق بني إسرائيل وأرسلنا إليهم رسلا ۖ كلما جاءهم رسول بما لا تهوى أنفسهم فريقا كذبوا وفريقا يقتلون

TRANSLATION:

Certainly We took a pledge from the Children of Israel, and We sent apostles to them. Whenever an apostle brought them that which was not to their liking, they would impugn a part of them, and a part they would slay.

71

القرآن:

وحسبوا ألا تكون فتنة فعموا وصموا ثم تاب الله عليهم ثم عموا وصموا كثير منهم ۚ والله بصير بما يعملون

TRANSLATION:

They supposed there would be no testing, so they became blind and deaf. Thereafter Allah accepted their repentance, yet [again] many of them became blind and deaf, and Allah sees best what they do.

72

القرآن:

لقد كفر الذين قالوا إن الله هو المسيح ابن مريم ۖ وقال المسيح يا بني إسرائيل اعبدوا الله ربي وربكم ۖ إنه من يشرك بالله فقد حرم الله عليه الجنة ومأواه النار ۖ وما للظالمين من أنصار

TRANSLATION:

They are certainly faithless who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary.’ But the Messiah had said, ‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Indeed whoever ascribes partners to Allah, Allah shall forbid him [entry into] paradise, and his refuge shall be the Fire, and the wrongdoers will not have any helpers.’

73

القرآن:

لقد كفر الذين قالوا إن الله ثالث ثلاثة ۘ وما من إله إلا إله واحد ۚ وإن لم ينتهوا عما يقولون ليمسن الذين كفروا منهم عذاب أليم

TRANSLATION:

They are certainly faithless who say, ‘Allah is the third [person] of a trinity,’ while there is no god except the One God. If they do not relinquish what they say, there shall befall the faithless among them a painful punishment.

74

القرآن:

أفلا يتوبون إلى الله ويستغفرونه ۚ والله غفور رحيم

TRANSLATION:

Will they not repent to Allah and plead to Him for forgiveness? Yet Allah is all-forgiving, all-merciful.

75

القرآن:

ما المسيح ابن مريم إلا رسول قد خلت من قبله الرسل وأمه صديقة ۖ كانا يأكلان الطعام ۗ انظر كيف نبين لهم الآيات ثم انظر أنى يؤفكون

TRANSLATION:

The Messiah, son of Mary, is but an apostle. Certainly [other] apostles have passed before him, and his mother was a truthful one. Both of them would eat food. Look how We clarify the signs for them, and yet, look, how they go astray!

76

القرآن:

قل أتعبدون من دون الله ما لا يملك لكم ضرا ولا نفعا ۚ والله هو السميع العليم

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘Do you worship, besides Allah, what has no power to bring you any benefit or harm, while Allah—He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing?!’

77

القرآن:

قل يا أهل الكتاب لا تغلوا في دينكم غير الحق ولا تتبعوا أهواء قوم قد ضلوا من قبل وأضلوا كثيرا وضلوا عن سواء السبيل

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘O People of the Book! Do not unduly exceed the bounds in your religion and do not follow the fancies of a people who went astray in the past, and led many astray, and [themselves] strayed from the right path.’

78

القرآن:

لعن الذين كفروا من بني إسرائيل على لسان داوود وعيسى ابن مريم ۚ ذلك بما عصوا وكانوا يعتدون

TRANSLATION:

The faithless among the Children of Israel were cursed on the tongue of David and Jesus son of Mary. That, because they would disobey and they used to commit transgression.

79

القرآن:

كانوا لا يتناهون عن منكر فعلوه ۚ لبئس ما كانوا يفعلون

TRANSLATION:

They would not forbid one another from the wrongs that they committed. Surely, evil is what they had been doing.

80

القرآن:

ترى كثيرا منهم يتولون الذين كفروا ۚ لبئس ما قدمت لهم أنفسهم أن سخط الله عليهم وفي العذاب هم خالدون

TRANSLATION:

You see many of them fraternizing with the faithless. Surely evil is what they have sent ahead for their souls, as Allah is displeased with them and they shall remain in punishment [forever].

81

القرآن:

ولو كانوا يؤمنون بالله والنبي وما أنزل إليه ما اتخذوهم أولياء ولكن كثيرا منهم فاسقون

TRANSLATION:

Had they believed in Allah and the Prophet and what has been sent down to him, they would not have taken them for allies. But most of them are transgressors.

82

القرآن:

۞ لتجدن أشد الناس عداوة للذين آمنوا اليهود والذين أشركوا ۖ ولتجدن أقربهم مودة للذين آمنوا الذين قالوا إنا نصارى ۚ ذلك بأن منهم قسيسين ورهبانا وأنهم لا يستكبرون

TRANSLATION:

Surely You will find the most hostile of all people towards the faithful to be the Jews and the polytheists, and surely you will find the nearest of them in affection to the faithful to be those who say ‘We are Christians.’ That is because there are priests and monks among them, and because they are not arrogant.

83

القرآن:

وإذا سمعوا ما أنزل إلى الرسول ترى أعينهم تفيض من الدمع مما عرفوا من الحق ۖ يقولون ربنا آمنا فاكتبنا مع الشاهدين

TRANSLATION:

When they hear what has been revealed to the Apostle, you see their eyes fill with tears because of the truth that they recognize. They say, ‘Our Lord, we believe; so write us down among the witnesses.

84

القرآن:

وما لنا لا نؤمن بالله وما جاءنا من الحق ونطمع أن يدخلنا ربنا مع القوم الصالحين

TRANSLATION:

Why should we not believe in Allah and the truth that has come to us, eager as we are that our Lord should admit us among the righteous people?’

85

القرآن:

فأثابهم الله بما قالوا جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار خالدين فيها ۚ وذلك جزاء المحسنين

TRANSLATION:

So, for what they said, Allah requited them with gardens with streams running in them, to remain in them [forever], and that is the reward of the virtuous.

86

القرآن:

والذين كفروا وكذبوا بآياتنا أولئك أصحاب الجحيم

TRANSLATION:

But those who are faithless and deny Our signs —they shall be the inmates of hell.

87

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تحرموا طيبات ما أحل الله لكم ولا تعتدوا ۚ إن الله لا يحب المعتدين

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not prohibit the good things that Allah has made lawful to you, and do not transgress. Indeed Allah does not like the transgressors.

88

القرآن:

وكلوا مما رزقكم الله حلالا طيبا ۚ واتقوا الله الذي أنتم به مؤمنون

TRANSLATION:

Eat the lawful and good things Allah has provided you, and be wary of Allah in whom you have faith.

89

القرآن:

لا يؤاخذكم الله باللغو في أيمانكم ولكن يؤاخذكم بما عقدتم الأيمان ۖ فكفارته إطعام عشرة مساكين من أوسط ما تطعمون أهليكم أو كسوتهم أو تحرير رقبة ۖ فمن لم يجد فصيام ثلاثة أيام ۚ ذلك كفارة أيمانكم إذا حلفتم ۚ واحفظوا أيمانكم ۚ كذلك يبين الله لكم آياته لعلكم تشكرون

TRANSLATION:

Allah shall not take you to task for what is frivolous in your oaths; but He shall take you to task for what you pledge in earnest. The atonement for it is to feed ten needy persons with the average food you give to your families, or their clothing, or the freeing of a slave. He who cannot afford [any of these] shall fast for three days. That is the atonement for your oaths when you vow. But keep your oaths. Thus does Allah clarify His signs for you so that you may give thanks.

90

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إنما الخمر والميسر والأنصاب والأزلام رجس من عمل الشيطان فاجتنبوه لعلكم تفلحون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Indeed wine, gambling, idols and the divining arrows are abominations of Satan’s doing, so avoid them, so that you may be felicitous.

91

القرآن:

إنما يريد الشيطان أن يوقع بينكم العداوة والبغضاء في الخمر والميسر ويصدكم عن ذكر الله وعن الصلاة ۖ فهل أنتم منتهون

TRANSLATION:

Indeed Satan seeks to cast enmity and hatred among you through wine and gambling, and to hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you, then, relinquish?

92

القرآن:

وأطيعوا الله وأطيعوا الرسول واحذروا ۚ فإن توليتم فاعلموا أنما على رسولنا البلاغ المبين

TRANSLATION:

And obey Allah and obey the Apostle, and beware; but if you turn your backs, then know that Our Apostle’s duty is only to communicate in clear terms.

93

القرآن:

ليس على الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات جناح فيما طعموا إذا ما اتقوا وآمنوا وعملوا الصالحات ثم اتقوا وآمنوا ثم اتقوا وأحسنوا ۗ والله يحب المحسنين

TRANSLATION:

There will be no sin upon those who have faith and do righteous deeds in regard to what they have eaten [in the past] so long as they are Godwary and faithful and do righteous deeds, and are further Godwary and faithful, and are further Godwary and virtuous. And Allah loves the virtuous.

94

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا ليبلونكم الله بشيء من الصيد تناله أيديكم ورماحكم ليعلم الله من يخافه بالغيب ۚ فمن اعتدى بعد ذلك فله عذاب أليم

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Allah will surely test you with some of the game within the reach of your hands and spears, so that Allah may know those who fear Him in secret. So whoever transgresses after that, there is a painful punishment for him.

95

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تقتلوا الصيد وأنتم حرم ۚ ومن قتله منكم متعمدا فجزاء مثل ما قتل من النعم يحكم به ذوا عدل منكم هديا بالغ الكعبة أو كفارة طعام مساكين أو عدل ذلك صياما ليذوق وبال أمره ۗ عفا الله عما سلف ۚ ومن عاد فينتقم الله منه ۗ والله عزيز ذو انتقام

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not kill any game when you are in pilgrim sanctity. Should any of you kill it intentionally, its atonement, the counterpart from cattle of what he has killed, as judged by two fair men among you, will be an offering brought to the Kaʿbah, or an atonement by feeding needy persons, or its equivalent in fasting, that he may taste the untoward consequences of his conduct. Allah has excused what is already past; but should anyone resume, Allah shall take vengeance on him, for Allah is all-mighty, avenger.

96

القرآن:

أحل لكم صيد البحر وطعامه متاعا لكم وللسيارة ۖ وحرم عليكم صيد البر ما دمتم حرما ۗ واتقوا الله الذي إليه تحشرون

TRANSLATION:

You are permitted the game of the sea and its food, a provision for you and for the caravans, but you are forbidden the game of the land so long as you remain in pilgrim sanctity, and be wary of Allah toward whom you will be gathered.

97

القرآن:

۞ جعل الله الكعبة البيت الحرام قياما للناس والشهر الحرام والهدي والقلائد ۚ ذلك لتعلموا أن الله يعلم ما في السماوات وما في الأرض وأن الله بكل شيء عليم

TRANSLATION:

Allah has made the Kaʿbah, the Sacred House, a [means of] sustentation for mankind, and [also] the sacred month, the offering and the garlands, so that you may know that Allah knows whatever there is in the heavens and whatever there is in the earth, and that Allah has knowledge of all things.

98

القرآن:

اعلموا أن الله شديد العقاب وأن الله غفور رحيم

TRANSLATION:

Know that Allah is severe in retribution, and that Allah is all-forgiving, all-merciful.

99

القرآن:

ما على الرسول إلا البلاغ ۗ والله يعلم ما تبدون وما تكتمون

TRANSLATION:

The Apostle’s duty is only to communicate and Allah knows whatever you disclose and whatever you conceal.

100

القرآن:

قل لا يستوي الخبيث والطيب ولو أعجبك كثرة الخبيث ۚ فاتقوا الله يا أولي الألباب لعلكم تفلحون

TRANSLATION:

Say, ‘The good and the bad are not equal, though the abundance of the bad should amaze you.’ So be wary of Allah, O you who possess intellect, so that you may be felicitous!

101

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تسألوا عن أشياء إن تبد لكم تسؤكم وإن تسألوا عنها حين ينزل القرآن تبد لكم عفا الله عنها ۗ والله غفور حليم

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Do not ask about things which, if they are disclosed to you, will upset you. Yet if you ask about them while the Qurʾān is being sent down, they shall be disclosed to you. Allah has excused it, and Allah is all-forgiving, all-forbearing.

102

القرآن:

قد سألها قوم من قبلكم ثم أصبحوا بها كافرين

TRANSLATION:

Certainly some people asked about them before you and then came to disbelieve in them.

103

القرآن:

ما جعل الله من بحيرة ولا سائبة ولا وصيلة ولا حام ۙ ولكن الذين كفروا يفترون على الله الكذب ۖ وأكثرهم لا يعقلون

TRANSLATION:

Allah has not prescribed any such thing as Baḥīrah, Sāʾibah, Waṣīlah, or Hām;1 but those who are faithless fabricate lies against Allah, and most of them do not apply reason.

The pre-Islamic Arabs used these terms for individual camels and sheep, which were subject to such practices as the slitting of ears, the forbidding of their use for burden, their dedication to idols, and restriction of their flesh to males. The commentators give different descriptions of these primitive customs and their significance, reflecting probably their varying practice among pre-Islamic Arabs.

104

القرآن:

وإذا قيل لهم تعالوا إلى ما أنزل الله وإلى الرسول قالوا حسبنا ما وجدنا عليه آباءنا ۚ أولو كان آباؤهم لا يعلمون شيئا ولا يهتدون

TRANSLATION:

And when they are told, ‘Come to what Allah has sent down and [come] to the Apostle,’ they say, ‘Sufficient for us is what we have found our fathers following.’ What, even if their fathers did not know anything and were not guided?!

105

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا عليكم أنفسكم ۖ لا يضركم من ضل إذا اهتديتم ۚ إلى الله مرجعكم جميعا فينبئكم بما كنتم تعملون

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! Take care of your own souls. He who strays cannot hurt you if you are guided. To Allah will be the return of you all, whereat He will inform you concerning what you used to do.

106

القرآن:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا شهادة بينكم إذا حضر أحدكم الموت حين الوصية اثنان ذوا عدل منكم أو آخران من غيركم إن أنتم ضربتم في الأرض فأصابتكم مصيبة الموت ۚ تحبسونهما من بعد الصلاة فيقسمان بالله إن ارتبتم لا نشتري به ثمنا ولو كان ذا قربى ۙ ولا نكتم شهادة الله إنا إذا لمن الآثمين

TRANSLATION:

O you who have faith! The witness between you, when death approaches any of you, while making a bequest, shall be two fair men from among yourselves —or two from among others,1 if you are journeying in the land and the affliction of death visits you. You shall detain the two of them after the prayer, and, if you have any doubt, they shall vow by Allah, ‘We will not sell it for any gain, even if it were a relative, nor will we conceal the testimony of Allah, for then we would indeed be among the sinners.’

That is, from among non-Muslims, on non-availability of Muslim witnesses during journey.

107

القرآن:

فإن عثر على أنهما استحقا إثما فآخران يقومان مقامهما من الذين استحق عليهم الأوليان فيقسمان بالله لشهادتنا أحق من شهادتهما وما اعتدينا إنا إذا لمن الظالمين

TRANSLATION:

But if it is found that both of them were guilty of a sin,1 then two others shall stand up in their place from among those nearest in kinship to the claimants and swear by Allah: ‘Our testimony is surely truer than their testimony, and we have not transgressed, for then we would indeed be among the wrongdoers.’

That is, of the sin of perjury.

108

القرآن:

ذلك أدنى أن يأتوا بالشهادة على وجهها أو يخافوا أن ترد أيمان بعد أيمانهم ۗ واتقوا الله واسمعوا ۗ والله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين

TRANSLATION:

That makes it likelier that they give the testimony in its genuine form, or fear that other oaths will be taken after their oaths. Be wary of Allah and listen, and Allah does not guide the transgressing lot.

109

القرآن:

۞ يوم يجمع الله الرسل فيقول ماذا أجبتم ۖ قالوا لا علم لنا ۖ إنك أنت علام الغيوب

TRANSLATION:

The day Allah will gather the apostles and say, ‘What was the response to you?’ They will say, ‘We have no knowledge. Indeed You are knower of all that is Unseen.’

110

القرآن:

إذ قال الله يا عيسى ابن مريم اذكر نعمتي عليك وعلى والدتك إذ أيدتك بروح القدس تكلم الناس في المهد وكهلا ۖ وإذ علمتك الكتاب والحكمة والتوراة والإنجيل ۖ وإذ تخلق من الطين كهيئة الطير بإذني فتنفخ فيها فتكون طيرا بإذني ۖ وتبرئ الأكمه والأبرص بإذني ۖ وإذ تخرج الموتى بإذني ۖ وإذ كففت بني إسرائيل عنك إذ جئتهم بالبينات فقال الذين كفروا منهم إن هذا إلا سحر مبين

TRANSLATION:

When Allah will say, O Jesus son of Mary, remember My blessing upon you and upon your mother, when I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit, so you would speak to the people in the cradle and in adulthood, and when I taught you the Book and wisdom, the Torah and the Evangel, and when you would create from clay the form of a bird, with My leave, and you would breathe into it and it would become a bird, with My leave; and you would heal the blind and the leper, with My leave, and you would raise the dead, with My leave; and when I held off [the evil of] the Children of Israel from you when you brought them manifest proofs, whereat the faithless among them said, ‘This is nothing but plain magic.’

111

القرآن:

وإذ أوحيت إلى الحواريين أن آمنوا بي وبرسولي قالوا آمنا واشهد بأننا مسلمون

TRANSLATION:

And when I inspired the Disciples, [saying], ‘Have faith in Me and My apostle,’ they said, ‘We have faith. Bear witness that we are muslims.’

112

القرآن:

إذ قال الحواريون يا عيسى ابن مريم هل يستطيع ربك أن ينزل علينا مائدة من السماء ۖ قال اتقوا الله إن كنتم مؤمنين

TRANSLATION:

When the Disciples said, ‘O Jesus son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table1 from the sky?’ Said he, ‘Be wary of Allah, should you be faithful.’

Table: The food and drink served at meals.

113

القرآن:

قالوا نريد أن نأكل منها وتطمئن قلوبنا ونعلم أن قد صدقتنا ونكون عليها من الشاهدين

TRANSLATION:

They said, ‘We desire to eat from it, and our hearts will be at rest: we shall know that you have told us the truth, and we shall be among the witnesses to it.’

114

القرآن:

قال عيسى ابن مريم اللهم ربنا أنزل علينا مائدة من السماء تكون لنا عيدا لأولنا وآخرنا وآية منك ۖ وارزقنا وأنت خير الرازقين

TRANSLATION:

Said Jesus son of Mary, ‘O Allah! Our Lord! Send down to us a table from the sky, to be a festival for us, for the first ones and the last ones among us and as a sign from You, and provide for us; for You are the best of providers.’

115

القرآن:

قال الله إني منزلها عليكم ۖ فمن يكفر بعد منكم فإني أعذبه عذابا لا أعذبه أحدا من العالمين

TRANSLATION:

Allah said, ‘I will indeed send it down to you. But should any of you disbelieve after this, I will indeed punish him with a punishment such as I do not punish anyone in all creation.’

116

القرآن:

وإذ قال الله يا عيسى ابن مريم أأنت قلت للناس اتخذوني وأمي إلهين من دون الله ۖ قال سبحانك ما يكون لي أن أقول ما ليس لي بحق ۚ إن كنت قلته فقد علمته ۚ تعلم ما في نفسي ولا أعلم ما في نفسك ۚ إنك أنت علام الغيوب

TRANSLATION:

And when Allah will say, ‘O Jesus son of Mary! Was it you who said to the people, “Take me and my mother for gods besides Allah”?’ He will say, ‘Immaculate are You! It does not behoove me to say what I have no right to [say]. Had I said it, You would certainly have known it: You know whatever is in my self, and I do not know what is in Your Self. Indeed You are knower of all that is Unseen.

117

القرآن:

ما قلت لهم إلا ما أمرتني به أن اعبدوا الله ربي وربكم ۚ وكنت عليهم شهيدا ما دمت فيهم ۖ فلما توفيتني كنت أنت الرقيب عليهم ۚ وأنت على كل شيء شهيد

TRANSLATION:

I did not say to them [anything] except what You had commanded me [to say]: “Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” And I was a witness to them so long as I was among them. But when You had taken me away, You Yourself were watchful over them, and You are witness to all things.

118

القرآن:

إن تعذبهم فإنهم عبادك ۖ وإن تغفر لهم فإنك أنت العزيز الحكيم

TRANSLATION:

If You punish them, they are indeed Your creatures; but if You forgive them, You are indeed the All-mighty, the All-wise.’

119

القرآن:

قال الله هذا يوم ينفع الصادقين صدقهم ۚ لهم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار خالدين فيها أبدا ۚ رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه ۚ ذلك الفوز العظيم

TRANSLATION:

Allah will say, ‘This day truthfulness shall benefit the truthful. For them there will be gardens with streams running in them, to remain in them forever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is the great success.’

120

القرآن:

لله ملك السماوات والأرض وما فيهن ۚ وهو على كل شيء قدير

TRANSLATION:

To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever there is in them, and He has power over all things.

Source:al-quran.info


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