بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ قَالُوا نَشْهَدُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُهُ وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَكَاذِبُونَ {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:1]

The concealed malignancy of hypocrisy is more harmful than open hostility. It is a source of weakness and a danger to the very existence of the community.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 8 to 20; Ali Imran: 121 to 128, 140 to 159, 166 to 168; Nisa : 60 to 63, 65; Bara-at: 25 to 27, 61, 63, 64 to 66, 71, 73, 79, 80, 86, 87, 89, 92, 94; Mujadilah: 14 to 21 for the hypocrites. In several other verses also the identity of the hypocrites in the days of the Holy Prophet and after his departure from this world has been described in the light of history written by well known Muslim scholars.

As has been pointed out in the commentary of Bara-at: 25 to 27 and 38 to 59 and 80 to 90 and 120, there were hypocrites in hijra 9 according to the verses of the Quran, but almost all the historians, traditionists and commentators do not mention even one name after the departure of the Holy Prophet, although, step by step, they took total control of the Muslim society, and when they reigned supreme in the days of Mu-awiyah and Yazid their theoreticians began to distort and corrupt the true message of Allah. So it is rightly said that if Imam Husayn had not stood up and taken stand against the evil forces of hypocrisy by giving his life, property and children in the cause of Allah, the world would have been following the theories and practices of the hypocrites as the religion of Allah. Instead of clearly pointing out the hypocrites, following the example of the Quran, the Muslim scholars invented a paradox by stating that whosoever pronounced the kalimah by mouth, saw, heard and talked to the Holy Prophet was a sahabi(companion) worthy of highest respect and honour, although the Quran has clearly refuted this theory. In addition to several Quranic verses, the surah al Munafiqun is a manifest testimony that there were many sincere companions among the followers of the Holy Prophet, but a powerful, scheming and evil group of hypocrites was lurking in the background which seized power at the opportune time to sow the seed of imperialism, contrary to the teachings of the Holy Prophet and his Ahl ul Bayt, to fulfil their aim of destroying the true religion of Allah.

While returning from the battle against the Jews of Bani Mustaliq in which their leader, Harith bin Abi Zarar, was killed; a servant of Umar clashed with one of the ansar and occasioned a quarrel between the ansar and the muhajirin. Abdullah bin Obay, siding with the ansar taunted the mahajirin as people who would, with their growing power, subjugate the ansar if necessary steps were not taken to check their belligerent behaviour. He also reproached the people of Madina for giving shelter and support to the Holy Prophet and the believers from Makka. To ridicule the Holy Prophet and his companions, he pointed out their poverty and declared them a burden on the people of Madina. Zayd bin Arqam reported his words to the Holy Prophet. Obaydullah, the son of Abdullah bin Obay, a staunch follower of the Holy Prophet, hearing all about this, came to the Holy Prophet and told him that if he had any thoughts of condemning his father to death, he would be the first man to obey his order. The Holy Prophet bade the young man not to think badly of his father and be kind to him.

Before reaching Madina the Holy Prophet had to break journey at Baqa because a violent wind began to blow. The Holy Prophet said that it was due to the death of a sincere servant of Allah, Rifa-a, in Madina. The hypocrites whispered among themselves that the Holy Prophet was bluffing; he could not know what had happened in Madina. In the meantime it was reported to him that his camel was missing. To show the hypocrites that the messenger of Allah knew what they could not, he asked them to go in the direction the wind was blowing and they would find his camel tied to a tree. They went and brought the camel back whom they found tied to a tree some distance away as told by the Holy Prophet; and when they entered Madina they saw the coffin of Rifa-a being taken to Baqi for burial.

After a few days Abdullah bin Obay died. The hypocrites began to tease Zayd bin Arqam for reporting the blasphemies, Abdullah bin Obay uttered, to the Holy Prophet. Verse one clears the position of Zayd and believers like him and condemns the bogus faith of the hypocrites.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The testimony of the hypocrites, among the companions of the Holy Prophet, to his prophethood is stated in this verse as a fact, yet Allah bears witness that they are liars, because their verbal acclamation was not in accord with what was in their hearts. The history and the modus operandi of the hypocrites have been made clear by these verses.

The difference between nifaq and taqiyah is that nifaq shows belief outwardly and hides disbelief for worldly gains out of selfish motives, whereas taqiyahhides belief in the cause of Allah with godly motives.

The hypocrites take false oaths to screen their evil deeds (Mujadilah: 16) and to save their life and property.

Their double-dealing obscures their understanding which in fact is the seating of their hearts, a consequence of their persistence in disbelief and opposition to the true guidance. There is nothing in their hearts save falsehood. They are like hallow timber, which is useless, and has to be propped up against other things. They are like rotten timber. They have no firm character themselves, and for others they are unsafe props to rely upon (see Hashr: 2 and 3). Their conscience always troubles them. They are under constant apprehension of exposure. They are cowards of the meanest type when they are against the enemy in a battlefield. They are the worst enemies of the Holy Prophet and the religion of Allah. The stiff-necked rejecters of the truth create a wide gulf between themselves and the mercy of Allah.

No prayer for them will save them from the eternal punishment.

Intercession by the Holy Prophet and his Ahl ul Bayt and consequent divine forgiveness is available to those who make mistakes unintentionally or in ignorance or under duress or pressure but repent and make amends. In the total commitment to rebellion and transgression the hypocrites cannot obtain Allah’s pardon.

Verse 8 contains the words Abdullah bin Obey said in the course of the expedition against Banu Mustaliq mentioned above. He said:

“This you have brought upon yourselves, by inviting these strangers to come amongst us. Wait till we return to Madina; then the mightier shall surely expel the weaker.”

Those who had come with the Holy Prophet to Madina were received with open arms by the people of Madina. The hypocrites did not like this and tried in underhand ways to dissuade them from doing all they could for the mahajirin. Allah holds the keys of the treasures of man’s well being. He does not leave His servants at the mercy of His enemies. The small community of believers grew from strength to strength until they were able to rely on the resources given to them by Allah and augment the well being of their hosts as well.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

It is a warning to those who try to strangle a right cause by putting economic pressure on the followers of the truth.


اتَّخَذُوا أَيْمَانَهُمْ جُنَّةً فَصَدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ سَاءَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:2] (see commentary for verse 1)

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا فَطُبِعَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:3] (see commentary for verse 1)

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَهُمْ تُعْجِبُكَ أَجْسَامُهُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ يَقُولُوا تَسْمَعْ لِقَوْلِهِمْ ۖ كَأَنَّهُمْ خُشُبٌ مُسَنَّدَةٌ ۖ يَحْسَبُونَ كُلَّ صَيْحَةٍ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ هُمُ الْعَدُوُّ فَاحْذَرْهُمْ ۚ قَاتَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:4] (see commentary for verse 1)

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا يَسْتَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ لَوَّوْا رُءُوسَهُمْ وَرَأَيْتَهُمْ يَصُدُّونَ وَهُمْ مُسْتَكْبِرُونَ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:5] (see commentary for verse 1)

سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ لَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:6] (see commentary for verse 1)

هُمُ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ لَا تُنْفِقُوا عَلَىٰ مَنْ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ حَتَّىٰ يَنْفَضُّوا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ خَزَائِنُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَٰكِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَا يَفْقَهُونَ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:7] (see commentary for verse 1)

يَقُولُونَ لَئِنْ رَجَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ لَيُخْرِجَنَّ الْأَعَزُّ مِنْهَا الْأَذَلَّ ۚ وَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَٰكِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:8] (see commentary for verse 1)

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ{9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:9]

Material and human resources of all kinds are but fleeting sources of enjoyment. Remembrance of Allah introduces man to acts of goodness, noble and enlightened thoughts, kind and loving disposition. More often than not property makes man forget his duties and obligation to Allah and His servants. So, beware.


وَأَنْفِقُوا مِنْ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنِي إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُنْ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:10]

Provision or sustenance, in every sense, material as well as intellectual and spiritual, is given to man by Allah, so it is his duty to use, at least some of it, for the welfare of human beings, because that is the service of Allah. Death comes suddenly and allows no time to amend. Every moment calls urgently to do good.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 3, 177, 245, 261 to 273 for spending in the way of Allah.

The Holy Prophet said:

“Every good deed is a charity (sadqa). ”


وَلَنْ يُؤَخِّرَ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِذَا جَاءَ أَجَلُهَا ۚ وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 63:11]

Refer to the commentary of Ali Imran . 145; Araf: 34; Yunus: 49; Hijr: 5; Nahl: 61; Muminun: 43.


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