AL-SHAMS

The Sun

الشمس

Meccan (surah 91 • 15 ayahs)

»The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by THE SUN as it shines out with morning’s radiance. It is named after “the sun” (al-shams), mentioned in verse 1. The central theme of the surah touch upon purifying or corrupting the soul, with the tribe of Thamūd given as an example of corruption.«

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,

THE ALL-BENEFICENT, THE ALL-MERCIFUL.

1

القرآن:

والشمس وضحاها

TRANSLATION:

By the sun and her forenoon splendour,

2

القرآن:

والقمر إذا تلاها

TRANSLATION:

by the moon when he follows her,

3

القرآن:

والنهار إذا جلاها

TRANSLATION:

by the day when it reveals her,

4

القرآن:

والليل إذا يغشاها

TRANSLATION:

by the night when it covers her,

5

القرآن:

والسماء وما بناها

TRANSLATION:

by the sky and Him who built it,

6

القرآن:

والأرض وما طحاها

TRANSLATION:

by the earth and Him who spread it,

7

القرآن:

ونفس وما سواها

TRANSLATION:

by the soul and Him who fashioned it,

8

القرآن:

فألهمها فجورها وتقواها

TRANSLATION:

and inspired it with

[discernment between] its virtues and vices:

9

القرآن:

قد أفلح من زكاها

TRANSLATION:

one who purifies it is felicitous,

10

القرآن:

وقد خاب من دساها

TRANSLATION:

and one who betrays it fails.

11

القرآن:

كذبت ثمود بطغواها

TRANSLATION:

The [people of] Thamūd denied [Allah’s signs]

out of their rebellion,

12

القرآن:

إذ انبعث أشقاها

TRANSLATION:

when the most wretched of them rose up.

13

القرآن:

فقال لهم رسول الله ناقة الله وسقياها

TRANSLATION:

But then the apostle of Allah said to them,

‘Let Allah’s she-camel drink!’

14

القرآن:

فكذبوه فعقروها فدمدم عليهم ربهم بذنبهم فسواها

TRANSLATION:

But they impugned him and then hamstrung her,

so their Lord took them unawares by night1

because of their sin,

and levelled it.2

Or ‘destroyed them,’ or ‘crushed them,’ or ‘brought down His punishment (or wrath) upon them.’

That is, razed their city to the ground.

15

القرآن:

ولا يخاف عقباها

TRANSLATION:

And He does not fear its outcome.

Source:al-quran.info


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