بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

الم {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:1]

Refer to the commentary of al Baqarah : 1 for Alif, Lam, Mim (huruf muqatta-at).


غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:2]

During the period 614 A.D. to 616 A.D. the Byzantine emperor Heraclius was defeated by the Persians and the Byzantine empire lost much of its lands. In Makka, the pagans were happy about the defeat of the Romans because they were Christians and the people of the book. But the Muslims were grieved at the defeat of Romans because the Persians were fire worshippers, and the disbelievers of Makka were taunting the Muslims that their fate would also be similar to the Romans as this was an omen of their triumph upon the Muslims.


فِي أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:3]

This verse was sent to console the grieved Muslims bringing the prophesy that soon the Romans will defeat the Persians. Inter alia, this also meant that the pagans of Makka, who were so happy about the defeat of the Romans, would very soon be disillusioned both about the fate of the Persian fire-worshippers and their own fate against the Muslims.

This prophesy of the Quran was fulfilled in 624 A.D. when Heraclius defeated the Persians; and at the battle of Badr (in 2 A.H.) the disbelievers of Makka were defeated by the Muslims.

According to Imam Muhammad bin Ali al Baqir, when the Holy Prophet migrated from Makka and arrived in Madina, he sent out two letters, one to the Byzantine emperor and the other to the emperor of Persia, inviting them to embrace Islam. The Muslim envoy received honour in Constantinople and the emperor returned him with valuable gifts despite his not accepting the invitation to join Islam. While the emperor of Persia insulted the Muslim envoy and tore the Prophet’s letter into pieces.

The Byzantine emperor was rewarded by Allah for the respect he paid to the Holy Prophet’ envoy and to the invitation to Islam whereas the Persian emperor met the return for his pride and insulting arrogance with which he rejected the divine invitation.

In this way the prophesy that came with the verses of Quran was fulfilled and the Muslims rejoiced at it.


فِي بِضْعِ سِنِينَ ۗ لِلَّهِ الْأَمْرُ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَمِنْ بَعْدُ ۚ وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:4] (see commentary for verse 3)

بِنَصْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ يَنْصُرُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:5] (see commentary for verse 3)

وَعْدَ اللَّهِ ۖ لَا يُخْلِفُ اللَّهُ وَعْدَهُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:6] (see commentary for verse 3)

يَعْلَمُونَ ظَاهِرًا مِنَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ عَنِ الْآخِرَةِ هُمْ غَافِلُونَ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:7]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The human nature is heedless (ghafilun), but not to the extent that man is not endowed with consciousness of the life of hereafter at all. It is only that he has been so attracted and fascinated by this world that he has become inattentive. As pointed out in the next verse human cognitive self bears more affinity to spiritual life (hereafter) than the life of the senses.


أَوَلَمْ يَتَفَكَّرُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ ۗ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ النَّاسِ بِلِقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ لَكَافِرُونَ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:8]

Refer to the commentary of Hijr: 85.

All power belongs to Allah and therefore no one should be misled by whatever power is given to him and believes that it is for all times and that Allah will not snatch it away if it is abused. Also, whoever exercises authority should do so on his own responsibility because on the day of reckoning he shall be examined.


أَوَلَمْ يَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ كَانُوا أَشَدَّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَأَثَارُوا الْأَرْضَ وَعَمَرُوهَا أَكْثَرَ مِمَّا عَمَرُوهَا وَجَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ۖ فَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:9]

Everyone should keep in view the end of bygone people and their kingdoms which were numerous, strong and prosperous but when they disobeyed the word of Allah, all was destroyed.

Refer to the commentary of Yusuf: 109 and Hajj: 46.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Thus a strong warning is sounded for the sinners that their sinfulness might result in complete disbelief in Allah and denial of truth.

This very passage was quoted by Bibi Zaynab, Imam Husayn’s sister, when she was brought as a prisoner in the court of Yazid, in answer to his observation:

“The Hashimites had played a game for acquiring power to rule otherwise neither there came any message nor any revelation from heaven.”


ثُمَّ كَانَ عَاقِبَةَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاءُوا السُّوأَىٰ أَنْ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَكَانُوا بِهَا يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:10] (see commentary for verse 9)

اللَّهُ يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:11]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

This verse and others on this subject, confirm the fact that everything returns to the point of its origin or beginning. Thus, the process of creation although evolutionary is circular by nature.


وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يُبْلِسُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:12]

وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُمْ مِنْ شُرَكَائِهِمْ شُفَعَاءُ وَكَانُوا بِشُرَكَائِهِمْ كَافِرِينَ {13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:13]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Instead of Allah, the infidels worshipped false gods and associated false deities with Allah, but on the day of judgement they will themselves reject the associate-gods.

The day of resurrection, as referred to here and elsewhere, is presented as a day when people will be separated while in Hud: 103 and Taghabun: 9 it is said to be the day of gathering people, which might appear contradictory. However, there is no contradiction as these statements refer to two different aspects of the day of resurrection.


وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَتَفَرَّقُونَ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:14]

فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَهُمْ فِي رَوْضَةٍ يُحْبَرُونَ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:15]

وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا وَلِقَاءِ الْآخِرَةِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُحْضَرُونَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:16]

فَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ حِينَ تُمْسُونَ وَحِينَ تُصْبِحُونَ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:17]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

“Glory be to Allah” refers to the time of the five canonical prayers.

Tumsun refers to Maghrib and Isha prayers. Tusbihun refers to Fajr prayer. Ashiyyan refers to Asr prayer. Tuzhirun refers to Zuhr prayer. All these changes in times of a day i.e. morning, mid-day, afternoon, evening and night are manifestations of His glory.


وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَعَشِيًّا وَحِينَ تُظْهِرُونَ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:18] (see commentary for verse 17)

يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَيُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ تُخْرَجُونَ {19}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:19]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 164 and Yunus: 31.

In this world, nothing is to exist forever. The process of extinction and revival is constantly at work. The cycle of appearance and disappearance of things in this world is a continuous process by which principle the Quran assures mankind that “You shall be brought forth”, on the day of resurrection.

Imam Musa bin Jafar al Kazim said:

“By giving life after death to a “being” implies that Allah sends His chosen representatives to mankind to guide them and keep them on the right path, in all ages.”

“Allah gives life to the earth after it is dead” refers to the principle of growth, and in the same way the final resurrection will come to pass.”


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنْتُمْ بَشَرٌ تَنْتَشِرُونَ {20}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:20]

Refer to the commentary of Kahf: 37.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ {21}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:21]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The love between man and woman (husband and wife) is the grace of Allah. This forms the fundamental base of alliance between couples of the same species. Love and compassion provides the cohesive force of this union.

Refer to the commentary of Nisa: I; Araf: 189 and Nahl: 72.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ خَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافُ أَلْسِنَتِكُمْ وَأَلْوَانِكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِلْعَالِمِينَ {22}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:22]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

This verse refers to the development of various languages and classes among human beings which is the most complicated aspect of the evolution of human civilisation.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ مَنَامُكُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَابْتِغَاؤُكُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَسْمَعُونَ {23}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:23]

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ يُرِيكُمُ الْبَرْقَ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَيُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَيُحْيِي بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ {24}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:24]

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ تَقُومَ السَّمَاءُ وَالْأَرْضُ بِأَمْرِهِ ۚ ثُمَّ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ دَعْوَةً مِنَ الْأَرْضِ إِذَا أَنْتُمْ تَخْرُجُونَ {25}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:25]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The cohesive force which holds together the dimensional realms is not material and cannot be explained save as Allah’s will.


وَلَهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ كُلٌّ لَهُ قَانِتُونَ {26}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:26]

وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ ۚ وَلَهُ الْمَثَلُ الْأَعْلَىٰ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {27}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:27]

ضَرَبَ لَكُمْ مَثَلًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ ۖ هَلْ لَكُمْ مِنْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ مِنْ شُرَكَاءَ فِي مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ فَأَنْتُمْ فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ تَخَافُونَهُمْ كَخِيفَتِكُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ {28}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:28]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

All forces, physical and spiritual, working and dominating in this universe are like a slave whose power and actions are subordinate to the will of the master. Therefore these forces should not be given a status of the master himself.


بَلِ اتَّبَعَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَهْوَاءَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۖ فَمَنْ يَهْدِي مَنْ أَضَلَّ اللَّهُ ۖ وَمَا لَهُمْ مِنْ نَاصِرِينَ {29}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:29]

فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا ۚ فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {30}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:30]

Steadfastness on Islam, the religion, means submitting to Allah’s will by living according to His law.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 112, 135; Ali Imran: 95 and Bara-at: 36.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The doctrine of original sin has been refuted.

The Holy Prophet said:

“Every child is born a Muslim (with the nature of submitting to Allah and following His laws) but the parents make the child a Jew, a Christian, or a Magian.”

Refer to the commentary of Nur: 35.


مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ {31}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:31]

مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا ۖ كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ {32}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:32]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

As also said in Araf: 38 those groups of people who rejoice in their success in this world will curse each other on the day of judgement .


وَإِذَا مَسَّ النَّاسَ ضُرٌّ دَعَوْا رَبَّهُمْ مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَذَاقَهُمْ مِنْهُ رَحْمَةً إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ بِرَبِّهِمْ يُشْرِكُونَ {33}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:33]

Refer to the commentary of Yunus: 12 and Nahl: 53.


لِيَكْفُرُوا بِمَا آتَيْنَاهُمْ ۚ فَتَمَتَّعُوا فَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ {34}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:34]

Refer to the commentary of Nahl: 55.


أَمْ أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانًا فَهُوَ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِمَا كَانُوا بِهِ يُشْرِكُونَ {35}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:35]

وَإِذَا أَذَقْنَا النَّاسَ رَحْمَةً فَرِحُوا بِهَا ۖ وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ سَيِّئَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ إِذَا هُمْ يَقْنَطُونَ {36}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:36]

Refer to the commentary of Yunus: 12, and Nahl: 53 and 54.


أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَقْدِرُ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ {37}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:37]

Refer to the commentary of Qasas: 83.


فَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ {38}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:38]

Refer to the commentary of Anfal: 41; Nahl: 90; Bani Israil: 26; Narnl: 15 and 16 and Maryam: 2 to 5 for “Give what is due to kindred,” and the issue of Fadak.

After the revelation of this verse the Holy Prophet gave the garden of Fadak to Bibi Fatimah.


وَمَا آتَيْتُمْ مِنْ رِبًا لِيَرْبُوَ فِي أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ فَلَا يَرْبُو عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَا آتَيْتُمْ مِنْ زَكَاةٍ تُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُضْعِفُونَ{39}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:39]

Lending money on the condition that it will be repaid with a certain increase in the amount lent is called riba and collecting such an increase is forbidden in Islam.

One has to show practical sympathy to someone in need by lending the monetary help needed without any such condition of enhanced repayment.

The reward from Allah for such selfless service to fellow beings will be manifold-the return shall be multiplied many times the amount lent.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 275, and 277.


اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ رَزَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ هَلْ مِنْ شُرَكَائِكُمْ مَنْ يَفْعَلُ مِنْ ذَٰلِكُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ {40}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:40]

ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ {41}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:41]

Corruption prevalent before the advent of Islam is now a matter of history. All kinds of vices were freely practiced in the name of religious order of the ages. No doubt, there is corruption in the world even today, but it is condemned, not sanctified as the sacred principles of any religion or creed.

Islam came with the knowledge and learning to enlighten mankind.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The setbacks man experiences in this world is the consequence of his misdeed. It must serve him as a warning because the sins he commits will land him in the abode of eternal punishment in the hereafter.


قُلْ سِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۚ كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُشْرِكِينَ {42}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:42]

The world had become infested with false beliefs. Even Christianity had lost the message of divine unity preached by Isa and was lost in the fanciful belief of trinity. Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 255 and Ali Imran: 2.


فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ الْقَيِّمِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ ۖ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصَّدَّعُونَ {43}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:43]

مَنْ كَفَرَ فَعَلَيْهِ كُفْرُهُ ۖ وَمَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِأَنْفُسِهِمْ يَمْهَدُونَ {44}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:44]

لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ {45}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:45]

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ يُرْسِلَ الرِّيَاحَ مُبَشِّرَاتٍ وَلِيُذِيقَكُمْ مِنْ رَحْمَتِهِ وَلِتَجْرِيَ الْفُلْكُ بِأَمْرِهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ{46}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:46]

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ رُسُلًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِمْ فَجَاءُوهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَانْتَقَمْنَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا ۖ وَكَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نَصْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ {47}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:47]

اللَّهُ الَّذِي يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَيَبْسُطُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ وَيَجْعَلُهُ كِسَفًا فَتَرَى الْوَدْقَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ خِلَالِهِ ۖ فَإِذَا أَصَابَ بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ إِذَا هُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ {48}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:48]

وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ لَمُبْلِسِينَ {49}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:49]

فَانْظُرْ إِلَىٰ آثَارِ رَحْمَتِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {50}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:50]

وَلَئِنْ أَرْسَلْنَا رِيحًا فَرَأَوْهُ مُصْفَرًّا لَظَلُّوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ يَكْفُرُونَ {51}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:51]

فَإِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَلَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِينَ {52}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:52]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Preachings and guidance made available by the prophets can only affect the minds of those who have a positive inclination towards truth. For those who are adamant, it shall be of no use.


وَمَا أَنْتَ بِهَادِ الْعُمْيِ عَنْ ضَلَالَتِهِمْ ۖ إِنْ تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا فَهُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ {53}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:53] (see commentary for verse 52)

اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ ضَعْفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ ضَعْفٍ قُوَّةً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ ضَعْفًا وَشَيْبَةً ۚ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْقَدِيرُ {54}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:54]

Refer to the commentary of Hajj: 5.


وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يُقْسِمُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ مَا لَبِثُوا غَيْرَ سَاعَةٍ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ كَانُوا يُؤْفَكُونَ {55}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:55]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The tarrying refers to the intermediary after death to the day of resurrection.

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ وَالْإِيمَانَ لَقَدْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْبَعْثِ ۖ فَهَٰذَا يَوْمُ الْبَعْثِ وَلَٰكِنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ{56}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:56] (see commentary for verse 55)

فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مَعْذِرَتُهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُسْتَعْتَبُونَ {57}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:57]

وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَلٍ ۚ وَلَئِنْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِآيَةٍ لَيَقُولَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلَّا مُبْطِلُونَ {58}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:58]

كَذَٰلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {59}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:59]

فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ ۖ وَلَا يَسْتَخِفَّنَّكَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُوقِنُونَ {60}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 30:60]

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