بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

يُسَبِّحُ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:1]

Refer to the commentary of Hadid: 1; Hashr: 1 and Bani Israil: 44.

 

هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ فَمِنْكُمْ كَافِرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:2]

Refer to the commentary of Araf: 11.

Allah created man pure and good, but because of the freedom of action granted to him evil crept in. He gave the free-will to man to distinguish those who not only remain pure and good but also rise higher and ever higher.

 

خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ وَصَوَّرَكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَكُمْ ۖ وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:3]

Refer to the commentary of Araf: 11; Sad: 72 to 74; and Mumin: 64.

In addition to symmetry and pleasing physical charm, Allah has given man special aptitudes, faculties and capacities which raise him at his best to the level of perfection whereat he is chosen by Allah as His vicegerent.

 

يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:4]

All fact, thoughts, motives, feelings, ideas and events are known to Allah.

 

أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ نَبَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ فَذَاقُوا وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:5]

The consequences of evil manifest themselves in this very life, either in external events, or in internal agonies of conscience; but in the grievous punishment of the hereafter the evil will find its final destination.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

This verse refers to the sufferings of the infidels before the advent of Islam, and verse 15 of Hashr refers to the sufferings of the infidels after the advent of Islam as the word qariban implies.

 

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُ كَانَتْ تَأْتِيهِمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَقَالُوا أَبَشَرٌ يَهْدُونَنَا فَكَفَرُوا وَتَوَلَّوْا ۚ وَاسْتَغْنَى اللَّهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:6]

Refer to the commentary of Ibrahim: 9 to 11.

Humanness of the divinely commissioned messengers of Allah has always been the stumbling-block of polytheistic people. It is incomprehensible to them that a “servant of Allah”, who is neither a demi-god nor an incarnation, nor even an angel, is chosen by Allah as His prophet to make known and convey the message of Allah and guide mankind to the right path.

 

زَعَمَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنْ لَنْ يُبْعَثُوا ۚ قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّي لَتُبْعَثُنَّ ثُمَّ لَتُنَبَّؤُنَّ بِمَا عَمِلْتُمْ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:7]

Refer to the commentary of Nahl: 38, 39; Bani Israil: 49 to 52; Maryam: 66 to 72; Hajj: 5; Ahqaf: 33 and 34; Qaf: 3, 20 to 29, and 41 to 44

 

فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالنُّورِ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْنَا ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:8]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 2 and Ya Sin: 12, according to which “the light which We have sent down” refers to the Quran as well as to the Ahl ul Bayt, duly confirmed by hadith al thaqalayn (see on page 6). Also refer to the commentary of Nur: 35 to 38; Fatir: 32; Ali Imran: 101 to 115; Saff: 8.

 

يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ ۗ وَمَنْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ وَيَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:9]

The day of judgement will be a day of gain to the righteous and loss to the stiff-necked evildoers and oppressors.

Those who collected riches by wrong doing will find themselves paupers, all their efforts wasted, see commentary of Kahf: 104. On the other hand those believers who are considered meek and described as have-nots in this world will acquire honour, dignity and eternal happiness. See commentary of Furqan: 70. Allah will blot out their faults, mistakes and shortcomings and remove their sorrows, sufferings and disappointments. When a sinner turns repentant to Allah and resolves to amend and do good and does so, his past is forgiven and he is transferred from the abyss of degradation to the height of honour.

The word taghabun is derived from ghaban which means overcoming in selling or buying. Here it is used to compare the worth of gains the righteous will obtain and the loss the evildoers will suffer. It is said that every believer will enter paradise after he sees the place he would have been allotted in hell if he had not believed and done good deeds; and every disbeliever will see the place in paradise he would have been given if he had believed and done good deeds before going to hell.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Every man is judged in view of his deeds concerning his self as soon as he dies, receiving rewards for good deeds or punishment for evil deeds; but for his deeds affecting social and collective life the final and abiding judgement will be made after the resurrection. He who has been commanded for his individual shortcomings may be forgiven on the day of judgement in the light of his obedience to divine laws in his social and collective life. Since the abiding loss or gain the day of judgement is described as the day of mutual loss or gain-yawmut taghabun.

 

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:10]

مَا أَصَابَ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَمَنْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:11]

The laws made by Allah are governing the universe by His permission. The system of working of His laws is such that if any law is broken a disturbance or calamity takes place as a consequence which itself is a law made by Him and operates by His leave. Therefore in all circumstances man should hold firmly to the fact that nothing happens without Allah’s knowledge and leave and strictly in compliance with His just and wise universal plan. Allah guides those who obey and follow His laws.

 

وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ ۚ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَىٰ رَسُولِنَا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:12]

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ {13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:13]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِنْ تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:14]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Man must guard against the vain desires of his wives, children and relatives which, if complied with, lead to deviation and disobedience of Allah and His Prophet (strictly prohibited in verse 12). It is recommended that they must not be harshly treated for their misguided promptings.

 

إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:15]

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ وَاسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا وَأَنْفِقُوا خَيْرًا لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ ۗ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:16]

Charity like mercy is twice blessed. It blesses him who gives and him who takes.

For taqwa see commentary of Baqarah: 2 and Ali Imran: 31, 102.

 

إِنْ تُقْرِضُوا اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا يُضَاعِفْهُ لَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ شَكُورٌ حَلِيمٌ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:17]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 245.

عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 64:18]
Source:quran.al-islam.org


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