Text of Hadith;

A mumin keeps away from the unlawful and forbidden things, he is free from doubt and he does not perpetrate them either, he is generous, he does not bother or inconvenience others, he also helps strangers and treats the orphan as his own child.

A mumin is someone who is immune from the prohibited things and actions. For example one who is less vulnerable to sin, he detests sin. There is a slight difference between the two statements, if we say that he does not commit sin and that he detests or hates it, there are some individuals who in their opinion feel sin has got some sense of pleasure in it, but abstain from it for the sake of God [for fear of God]. But sometimes a person attains great peaks in faith that he is prompted to avoid and shun evil since at that stage he has no desire but to mould and reshape his character, so no sin is pleasant to him. And in order to reach such levels he requires tireless effort if at all he desires to appreciate and enjoy the obedience of God and finally quit sin altogether.

A mumin avoids and checks his doubts. Doubt or skepticism introduces the way to sin and evil. A doubting Thomas becomes a slave of the unlawful and forbidden acts. Doubts one like steep slopes of a valley that is wise to avoid them or else you will trip over and fall. Doubts harbour unlawful and unwanted thoughts, so they must be avoided. They are quiet similar to high voltage electric power, thus if a person closer within a certain interval or span he will easily be dragged by the high voltage and will be burned instantly. It is from this same very aspect that electricity has been known to be dangerous and fatal.

Avoid other people’s private property or you will be accused of trespassing. Most people who have become slaves to narcotic drugs simply started indulging under the pretext of recreation, which later developed into a habit that finally addiction was his aftermath.

He is generous in donations, for example, if a rich man offers to donate one hundred thousand dollars towards the construction of a hospital, this amount in proportion to his capital or assets is hardly nothing, but if an ordinary man or formal employee contributes one thousand dollars [out of the little that he has] everybody will applause and commend him. Therefore generosity is proportional.

During the war of the Holy prophet [S A W] he asked the people to equip him with the Muslim army which they did with an open hand [and helped very much]. In this regard a certain workman or labourer worked overnight in order to equip the Muslim army. Then he approached the prophet and offered to contribute his wages. The hypocrites started scoffing and mocking him and then the following verses were revealed;

“Those who taunt those with faith who give alms freely, and those who give to the extent of their earning, and scoff at them, Allah will pay them back their scoffing and they will have a painful chastisement”.

God laughs at those who scoff others for giving up to a certain extent of what they own. The prophet [S A W] said; Abu Aqeel, add your dates to these ones that through you, you may find salvation.

He does not bother or inconvenience others.

In order to clarify this matter I will illustrate it by an example; social life is characterized by a number of hardships, ups and downs, trouble……..etc. So it is advisable to reduce on one’s inconveniences to others though life involves all these issues.

 

A mumin always extends a helping hand to strangers. It is recommended to help and support one’s neighbours and relatives. This implies giving and receiving, that is to say, if today I helped my neighbour, he will help me tomorrow. But it must be born in mind that when you wish to help someone in need, never expect anything in return [from him]. Help given to strangers is highly recommended.

He treats the orphaned child as his own. The prophet is not saying that a munin merely helps, feeds, clothes or treats the orphan with kindness…….etc. Rather what he is trying to put across is that; “He is his father as he is a father to own blood children and all that he does for his children, he should extend it to the orphan as well”.

These ethical guidelines have been noted for those ruthless or trouble some circumstances that affect our daily life affairs and have been quite impressive. I also hope that God will bless our deeds and that by putting to practice these attributes we will become devotee Muslims.

[1] Batiaar; volume 64, page 310.

[2] Qur’an; Chapter Tawbati: 79

 

Source: al-shia.org


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