Topic

Five lessons on life and freedom from doubt

Text of Hadith;

The prophet [S A W] said, “O people! Do not teach wisdom to those who do not morally deserve it as it would be an injustice to freedom it’s self, and do not withhold knowledge to those who are eligible for it, morally upright since it is as good as doing injustice to those who rightly deserve it. Do not take revenge on injustice encroached upon your rights through an over sight least your reputation might be damaged. Refrain from your evil actions and do not do anything just to please people as hypocrisy annuls your deeds. Do not hold back alms i.e. giving charity from your possessions. For if you withhold charity, God will devalue whatever you own:

 

Affairs are of 3 kinds, namely affairs that are developmental and upright, so follow them. Affairs that are void, abstain from them. Affairs that are ambiguous and doubtful even complicated, refer them to God”.

Explanation;

Part 1: the Prophet is giving orders;

[a] Do not provide education to those who are morally corrupt as this would be an injustice to knowledge.

[b] Do not with hold knowledge from those eligible ones or else you will be accused of injustice.

We deduce that it is necessary for conditions laid down for either secular or religious students to be framed in such a way that only candidates who meet the required standards be given knowledge.
The Prophet says;

Do not teach a person anything which he has no merit for, for fear that if he learns it he might misapply it and use it to devastate the entire world, since an ignorant person neither builds nor destroys a place. Today, people who are driving the world to corruption and leaders of some of the imperialist regimes are persons no other than scholars and erudites of the world.

The Holy Qur’an addresses this issue in a number of expressions; […….is to those who guard against evil] Qur’an 2:2; […..most surely there are signs in it for a people who would hear] Qur’an 10:67.

It indicates that knowledge which is void of ethical values is fruitless and vain.

It is evident that guidance is that which was executed by people in the past.. Long ago the Ulaama [Islamic Scholars] could not allow anyone to attend their classes if he failed an aptitude test for morals . This was done in order to determine his faith. Of course it is not right to hoard one’s knowledge but it is right to teach it to those who are morally decent and use it to alleviate people’s problems not to aggreviate them, whether secular or spiritual, though spiritual ailments are more significant as God will judge each and every person according to his deeds.

A tradition reads;

Who asks the ignorant to learn He has ordained scholars to teach. Teaching and learning are obligatory [wajib] in Islam, these two are entwined as one is dependant upon the other.

[c] If someone oppresses you and you take revenge, your reputation will be damaged and you will become like him. Of course this applies to a situation whereby an oppressor will not take advantage of you or this act of forgiving will not give rise to unnecessary revenge in the community.

[d] Avoid dissimulation in your works since hypocrisy is one of the many sources of corruption and other factors such as self-conceit canal desires etc, also contribute to the pollution of your actions. For example sometimes I perform prayer out of mere habit or say my night prayer in order to out do the others, such motives convert an act to corruption.

[e] If someone asks you for something , give it to him. If you with hold it God will devalue its worth. If a host with holds to entertain his guests with the little that he has, then he has oppressed him and if the guest demands more than what his host can provide he, in return has oppressed him.

Part 2 is divided into 3 categories;

[1] Affairs that are true and straight forward.

[2] Affairs that are outright deceitful and deprive

[3] Affairs that are ambiguous [doubtful] and complicated and these fall in two categories;

[a] Shohaat mowzo

[b] ShobhaatHakamiye.

This tradition permits to Shobhaat Hakaliyee. In some traditions, Roddolo Ila Allah, is replaced by “take precaution in doubtful or ambiguous affairs since doubts are like corridors for all forbidden things and lips of a precipice [a form of cliff]. Some persist that “Kollon makrooho Jaa’ezon”- all abominable things are permissible, we should be informed that; it is right to act according to a literal meaning of ruling, but in case of doubt or ambiguity, it is straight forward, if a person is haunted by a succession or doubt, little by little he will be overtaken by sin, and evil will reign over his life. The Lord says fear the paces of Satan and doubts are the paces of Satan. Satan deceives a devotee who also keeps up night prayer in a systematic way, he does not say to him; take some urine, but he says, night prayer is not obligatory [wajib] ignore it. If he [believer] believes him he will not continue to say his prayers at the earliest possible time, then the devil will come again and say; to pray at the earliest possible time is not a condition of prayer and gradually he will fall far away from his Lord.

If a person intends to enjoy a spiritual life, first of all he should refrain from dubious foods, conferences and speeches and take considerable precaution in all his actions.

[1] Behaar, Vol. 74, page 179

[21 Behaar, Vol. 2 page 80

Source: al-shia.org


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