25th of Zil Aqdil concedes with some traditions concerning the day of spreading the land [on earth] and the day Imam Reza left Medina for Taws.

The word means to spread as described by the verse [and the earth, He expanded it after that] Qur’an 79:30

What does the act of spreading the land denote, and in what way is it compatible with modern science which holds that the earth is part and parcel of the solar system and that it broke off from the sun?

When the earth separated from the sun it took some form of a ball like fire composed of melting material, then around it, it developed a compressed layer of atmosphere [air] out of water vapour inducing torrential rainfall and storms to it, to such extents that the whole of the earth become covered with water. Therefore, water began to percolate and drained down into the ground and little by little dry land began to emerge to the surface of the water. So the meaning of ‘expansion of the earth’ is the day when land emerged from beneath the water. According to a tradition, it first emerged from Ka’bah and modern science agrees to this. In reality, this day is a day full of blessings from God, in that God has projected dry land out of the water and made it ready for human existence.

Based on some historical accounts, Imam Reza on this day set off on a journey from Medina towards Taws and for the Iranian people it is also tremendous blessings of God since his arrival made their country life to flourish and it became a source of inspiration and spirituality and also divine blessings.

If his holy shrine were not in this country, shiite Muslims would not have a place for refuge. Approximately 15 million pilgrims renew their allegiance by visiting his tomb and the rest of spirituality goes to Iran and its help to impede calamity and misfortune.

In any case, 25th of Zil Aqdil from different perspectives is a happy and blessed day. We hope God will give us a supporting hand as we try to reach for this blessing.

Text of hadith

Believers are patient with the ignorant; they endure wrongs trespassed against them; they respect and obey elders and they treat the young with kindness.


They remain patient with the ignorant and if offended, they let it pass and forgive. They do not return bad for bad.

If someone offends him, he puts up with him. The difference between the former and the latter is that the former is akin to uttering offensive words, while the latter in this case pertains to works. In Islam, we have a rule and a custom; the rule is that if someone wrongs you, take revenge to the same extent he offended you [an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth]. The Holy Qur’an says; [whoever acts aggressively against you, inflict injury to him according to the injury he has inflicted on you] Qur’an 2:194.

The purpose of this act is to warn offenders off against laying their hands on evil and vice-versa. The custom is that a believer should return good for bad.

The Qur’an says; [Repel evil by what is best] Qur’an 23:96. This is what is known as ethics.

Venerates and respects elder people and other senior citizens. This is highly recommended. The late Sheikh Abbas Qumy in his book Safinat Albehaar Revaayati says; a person who respects the aged for mere agedness, on the day of judgment God will serve him from punishment.

He treats the young kindly.

It is important to note that elderly people be respected because they are more experienced than the young, and the young due to their innocence be treated kindly.

[1] Behaar Vol. 64 page 311.

[2] Safinat Albehaari

Source: al-shia.org

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