بسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

حم {1}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:1]

Refer to the commentary of al Baqarah: 1.


وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ {2}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:2]

Refer to the commentary of Anam: 59; Zumar: 1 and 2; Ha Mim: 2 to 4; Ali Imran: 7; Ya Sin: 2 to 6; Rad: 39.

The Quran revealed to the Holy Prophet was a complete book, therefore it is a false statement if said that his followers collected the verses revealed to him and made a book. Refer to the commentary of Waqi-ah: 77 to 79 and Buruj: 21, 22 for the preserved tablet, the source or foundation of revelation, the essence of Allah’s eternal laws. Also refer to the summary of al Fatihah, Baqarah: 2 and Aqa Puya’s essay “The Genuineness of the Holy Quran.”


إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ {3}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:3] (see commentary for verse 2)

وَإِنَّهُ فِي أُمِّ الْكِتَابِ لَدَيْنَا لَعَلِيٌّ حَكِيمٌ {4}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:4] (see commentary for verse 2)

أَفَنَضْرِبُ عَنْكُمُ الذِّكْرَ صَفْحًا أَنْ كُنْتُمْ قَوْمًا مُسْرِفِينَ {5}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:5]

If it were not for His mercy Allah would be justified in withdrawing or discontinuing the light which shows the right path, because a large number of ungrateful people in every age belie His messengers and reject His guidance, but for the few who seek the truth He does not withhold His guidance.


وَكَمْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ نَبِيٍّ فِي الْأَوَّلِينَ {6}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:6]

Refer to Araf, Yunus and Hud for the destruction of the people who belied and rejected His messengers.


وَمَا يَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ نَبِيٍّ إِلَّا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ {7}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:7] (see commentary for verse 6)

فَأَهْلَكْنَا أَشَدَّ مِنْهُمْ بَطْشًا وَمَضَىٰ مَثَلُ الْأَوَّلِينَ {8}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:8] (see commentary for verse 6)

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ لَيَقُولُنَّ خَلَقَهُنَّ الْعَزِيزُ الْعَلِيمُ {9}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:9]

See commentary of Ankabut: 60 to 63; Luqman: 25; Ta Ha: 53; Fatir: 9; Ya Sin: 36 ; Hijr: 21 and Muminun: 18 and 19.


الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ {10}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:10] (see commentary for verse 9)

وَالَّذِي نَزَّلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً بِقَدَرٍ فَأَنْشَرْنَا بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَيْتًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ تُخْرَجُونَ {11}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:11] (see commentary for verse 9)

وَالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الْفُلْكِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ مَا تَرْكَبُونَ {12}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:12] (see commentary for verse 9)

لِتَسْتَوُوا عَلَىٰ ظُهُورِهِ ثُمَّ تَذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ رَبِّكُمْ إِذَا اسْتَوَيْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَتَقُولُوا سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَٰذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ{13}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:13]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Istiwa refers to dominance, ability to tame or subdue the cattle.

People of understanding attribute all good to its true and original source-Allah.


وَإِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُونَ {14}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:14]

وَجَعَلُوا لَهُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ جُزْءًا ۚ إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَكَفُورٌ مُبِينٌ {15}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:15]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

As a contrast to the men of understanding are the ungrateful blasphemous disbelievers who attribute human characteristics to the absolute Lord. It appears expedient to them to understand and present Allah from the anthropomorphic point of view-conception or representation of God as having the form, personality, or attributes of man: ascription of human characteristics to that which is infinite and absolute. So, nothing should be attributed to Allah save that which has been revealed in the book or to the Holy Prophet.


أَمِ اتَّخَذَ مِمَّا يَخْلُقُ بَنَاتٍ وَأَصْفَاكُمْ بِالْبَنِينَ {16}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:16]

See commentary of Nahl: 57 to 62.

To ascribe daughters to Allah was particularly abominable and blasphemous because the pagans used to hold the female sex in contempt.


وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِمَا ضَرَبَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ مَثَلًا ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ {17}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:17]

The disbelievers used to wince when a daughter was born to them and hanker after sons. What they hated and were ashamed of for themselves they attributed to Allah.


أَوَمَنْ يُنَشَّأُ فِي الْحِلْيَةِ وَهُوَ فِي الْخِصَامِ غَيْرُ مُبِينٍ {18}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:18]

Refer to the commentary of Ta Ha: 89 and Anbiya: 66.

The description of those lifeless objects which were adorned with ornaments and could neither speak nor do anything refers to the idols the disbelievers used to worship. Some commentators say that this verse refers to women. The universality of the statement made in this verse may lose its purport if applied to women because there were and are many women who do not like ornaments nor display of female vanities, and very effective in arguments or presentation of a point of view.


وَجَعَلُوا الْمَلَائِكَةَ الَّذِينَ هُمْ عِبَادُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ إِنَاثًا ۚ أَشَهِدُوا خَلْقَهُمْ ۚ سَتُكْتَبُ شَهَادَتُهُمْ وَيُسْأَلُونَ {19}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:19]

وَقَالُوا لَوْ شَاءَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ مَا عَبَدْنَاهُمْ ۗ مَا لَهُمْ بِذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ ۖ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ {20}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:20]

أَمْ آتَيْنَاهُمْ كِتَابًا مِنْ قَبْلِهِ فَهُمْ بِهِ مُسْتَمْسِكُونَ {21}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:21]

بَلْ قَالُوا إِنَّا وَجَدْنَا آبَاءَنَا عَلَىٰ أُمَّةٍ وَإِنَّا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمْ مُهْتَدُونَ {22}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:22]

وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فِي قَرْيَةٍ مِنْ نَذِيرٍ إِلَّا قَالَ مُتْرَفُوهَا إِنَّا وَجَدْنَا آبَاءَنَا عَلَىٰ أُمَّةٍ وَإِنَّا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمْ مُقْتَدُونَ{23}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:23]

قَالَ أَوَلَوْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِأَهْدَىٰ مِمَّا وَجَدْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ آبَاءَكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا إِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلْتُمْ بِهِ كَافِرُونَ {24}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:24]

فَانْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ ۖ فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ {25}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:25]

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ إِنَّنِي بَرَاءٌ مِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ {26}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:26]

إِلَّا الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي فَإِنَّهُ سَيَهْدِينِ {27}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:27]

وَجَعَلَهَا كَلِمَةً بَاقِيَةً فِي عَقِبِهِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ {28}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:28]

Kalimah (a word) refers to the doctrine of tawhid (unity).

Refer to Saffat : 78, 108, 119 and 129; particularly Aqa Puya’s note on page 959 in the commentary of verses 123 to 132.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

This verse indicates that the gospel of tawhid (unity of Allah) shall be preserved and upheld by the descendants of Ibrahim only. Refer to the commentary of Baqarah : 124. The gospel of tawhid implies submission to Allah and His commands. As stated in the commentary of Baqarah: 124, the Holy Prophet and his Ahl ul Bayt, on account of their highest degree of submission to Allah, are nearest to Him- a distance of two bows, or even nearer (Najm: 9).


بَلْ مَتَّعْتُ هَٰؤُلَاءِ وَآبَاءَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَهُمُ الْحَقُّ وَرَسُولٌ مُبِينٌ {29}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:29]

وَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمُ الْحَقُّ قَالُوا هَٰذَا سِحْرٌ وَإِنَّا بِهِ كَافِرُونَ {30}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:30]

وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنُ عَلَىٰ رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْقَرْيَتَيْنِ عَظِيمٍ {31}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:31]

The pagans judged by their own low standards. As the Holy Prophet was not a man of the world, amassing worldly possessions, they thought that he should not have been richly endowed with wisdom and authority, for which there were many deserving men of wealth and resources in Makka or Taif. Intellectual and spiritual excellence had no value at all for them

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The men of the world, in all ages, give exclusive importance to wealth and worldly position. In their ignorance, they are unable to ascertain and appreciate the intellectual and spiritual standards of the descendants of Ibrahim selected by Allah to represent Him on the earth.


أَهُمْ يَقْسِمُونَ رَحْمَتَ رَبِّكَ ۚ نَحْنُ قَسَمْنَا بَيْنَهُمْ مَعِيشَتَهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَرَفَعْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِيَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا سُخْرِيًّا ۗ وَرَحْمَتُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ {32}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:32]

Allah did not appoint any from among the people, who had material possession, to deliver His message to mankind, but He preferred those whom He Himself taught wisdom and protected from making mistakes, intentionally or unintentionally, and to act on His behalf. If wealth and temporal power had any value He would not have given them to the disbeleivers and hypocrites.


وَلَوْلَا أَنْ يَكُونَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً لَجَعَلْنَا لِمَنْ يَكْفُرُ بِالرَّحْمَٰنِ لِبُيُوتِهِمْ سُقُفًا مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَمَعَارِجَ عَلَيْهَا يَظْهَرُونَ {33}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:33]

So little value is attached in the spiritual world to silver or gold or worldly ranks that they would freely be at the disposal of every one, but in that case they all might scramble to sell their spiritual life for worldly gains.

All false glitter and adornments of this world are illusions. They more often hinder than help. Possession of worldly gains is not a proof of an unjust or a just life.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

Allah distributes worldly possessions in order to test and distinguish one from another. They are not the real blessings. The pleasure of Allah is the real reward given to the righteous, the excellence of which is beyond the human imagination.


وَلِبُيُوتِهِمْ أَبْوَابًا وَسُرُرًا عَلَيْهَا يَتَّكِئُونَ {34}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:34] (see commentary for verse 33)

وَزُخْرُفًا ۚ وَإِنْ كُلُّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمَّا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَالْآخِرَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ {35}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:35] (see commentary for verse 33)

وَمَنْ يَعْشُ عَنْ ذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانًا فَهُوَ لَهُ قَرِينٌ {36}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:36]

He who goes blind to the remembrance of Allah, as a natural consequence, falls an easy prey to evil.

Imam Ali said:

“He who sins now and again, becomes insensitive to the light of truth.”


وَإِنَّهُمْ لَيَصُدُّونَهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ مُهْتَدُونَ {37}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:37]

The downward fall of the life of evil is rapid. The evil persuades its victims to believe that they are pursuing good. They go deeper and deeper into the blinding darkness of obscurity from where there is no coming back.


حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَنَا قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ بُعْدَ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ فَبِئْسَ الْقَرِينُ {38}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:38]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

At the time of judgement the deceived souls of the followers of Shaytan will cry in agony: “Would that we had never come across the accursed Shaytan. Would that we were separated poles apart.” The distance of two easts implies “east and west” which can never meet. The equivalent idiom in English is “poles apart.”


وَلَنْ يَنْفَعَكُمُ الْيَوْمَ إِذْ ظَلَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ {39}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:39]

أَفَأَنْتَ تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ أَوْ تَهْدِي الْعُمْيَ وَمَنْ كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {40}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:40]

Refer to Rum: 52 and 53.

As said in verse 37 the evildoers go headlong into sin, and sink deeper and deeper until the spiritual faculties of the evildoers are deadened and no outside help can bring them back, because they have rejected the divine guidance.


فَإِمَّا نَذْهَبَنَّ بِكَ فَإِنَّا مِنْهُمْ مُنْتَقِمُونَ {41}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:41]

Ibn Marduwayh reports from Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari that the Holy Prophet said that this verse referred to Imam Ali who would, after the Holy Prophet, fight and punish the hypocrites because they would break the covenant made with Allah and the Holy Prophet. This is also mentioned in Tafsir Durr al Manthur and Tafsir Nayshapuri.


أَوْ نُرِيَنَّكَ الَّذِي وَعَدْنَاهُمْ فَإِنَّا عَلَيْهِمْ مُقْتَدِرُونَ {42}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:42]

فَاسْتَمْسِكْ بِالَّذِي أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ {43}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:43]

Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari reports that after returning from hajjatul wida (the last pilgrimage) the Holy Prophet used to admonish and warn the people to remember and adhere to the command of Allah he conveyed to them at Ghadir Khum (see commentary of Ma-idah: 67 and 3). This tradition is also mentioned in Manaqib ibn Maghazali and Fiqh al Shafi-i.

The last portion of verse 43 indicates that to acknowledge Ali as the successor of the Holy Prophet is the only right course.

According to Minhajul Sadiqin Imam Muhammad bin Ali al Baqir and Imam Jafar bin Muhammad as Sadiq said:

“Dhikr is the Quran and we are those about whom the people will be questioned, regarding their duties and obligations unto us.”

Verse 24 of Saffat also refers to “questioning”.

Ibn Hajar, in his Sawa-iq al Muhriqah Chapter II, has enumerated this verse among the verses that refer to the Ahl ul Bayt and has commented upon it at great length and recorded several traditions in support of his comments. Besides, Al Dayami relates from Abu Sa-id Khudri that the Holy Prophet said that in this verse the expression “they must be questioned” means that they shall be questioned concerning the love of Ali, and Wahidi interprets this verse to mean that they shall be questioned concerning the love of Ali and the Ahl ul Bayt, since Allah commanded His messenger to declare to the people that he did not ask any reward for his preaching except the love of his Ahl ul Bayt.

According to Thalabi the Holy Prophet said:

“At the time of mi-raj when I was among the prophets and the angels, I asked the prophets as to what purpose they were sent into the world. They all replied in one voice: ‘For your love and the love of Ali ibn abi Talib’.”


وَإِنَّهُ لَذِكْرٌ لَكَ وَلِقَوْمِكَ ۖ وَسَوْفَ تُسْأَلُونَ {44}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:44] (see commentary for verse 43)

وَاسْأَلْ مَنْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رُسُلِنَا أَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ دُونِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ آلِهَةً يُعْبَدُونَ {45}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:45]

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَىٰ بِآيَاتِنَا إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَئِهِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ {46}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:46]

Refer to Araf: 103 to 137 and Ta Ha 9 to 98 and all the references mentioned therein for the account of Musa, Harun and Firawn in detail.

For the mockery of Musa and his signs see Bani Israil: 101 to 103.

Verse 56 says that the fate of the people of Firawn is an instructive warning and example to future generations. Like the people of Firawn the Makkan pagans also gave great importance to temporal power and worldly possessions and ignored the life of the hereafter.


فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ بِآيَاتِنَا إِذَا هُمْ مِنْهَا يَضْحَكُونَ {47}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:47] (see commentary for verse 46)

وَمَا نُرِيهِمْ مِنْ آيَةٍ إِلَّا هِيَ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ أُخْتِهَا ۖ وَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْعَذَابِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ {48}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:48] (see commentary for verse 46)

وَقَالُوا يَا أَيُّهَ السَّاحِرُ ادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ بِمَا عَهِدَ عِنْدَكَ إِنَّنَا لَمُهْتَدُونَ {49}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:49] (see commentary for verse 46)

فَلَمَّا كَشَفْنَا عَنْهُمُ الْعَذَابَ إِذَا هُمْ يَنْكُثُونَ {50}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:50] (see commentary for verse 46)

وَنَادَىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ فِي قَوْمِهِ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ أَلَيْسَ لِي مُلْكُ مِصْرَ وَهَٰذِهِ الْأَنْهَارُ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِي ۖ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ {51}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:51] (see commentary for verse 46)

أَمْ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي هُوَ مَهِينٌ وَلَا يَكَادُ يُبِينُ {52}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:52] (see commentary for verse 46)

فَلَوْلَا أُلْقِيَ عَلَيْهِ أَسْوِرَةٌ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ أَوْ جَاءَ مَعَهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ مُقْتَرِنِينَ {53}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:53] (see commentary for verse 46)

فَاسْتَخَفَّ قَوْمَهُ فَأَطَاعُوهُ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ {54}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:54] (see commentary for verse 46)

فَلَمَّا آسَفُونَا انْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ فَأَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ {55}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:55] (see commentary for verse 46)

فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ سَلَفًا وَمَثَلًا لِلْآخِرِينَ {56}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:56] (see commentary for verse 46)

وَلَمَّا ضُرِبَ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ مَثَلًا إِذَا قَوْمُكَ مِنْهُ يَصِدُّونَ {57}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:57]

Isa was a man and a prophet. Some of the churches, founded after him, worshipped him as God and as the son of God. The pagans of Makka who worshipped their own false gods did not like the idea of referring to Isa who was introduced to them by the Christians as God, an alien God to them. So they ridiculed him; but they did not know that Isa was neither God nor the son of God, he was one of the great prophets, and had a limited mission to reform the children of Israil.

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 140; Ali Imran: 45 to 59, 114 to 118; Nisa: 157 to 159, 171; Ma-idah: 5; 20, 44, 45, 67, 85, 113, 114, 117, 119, 121; Bara-at :30, 31;Maryam: 16 to 37 for prophet Isa.

The Holy Prophet said:

“0 Ali, you are like Isa. Many have gone astray in his love or in his hostility.”

The hypocrites among those present there said: “Is there no better example than this?”. Thereupon these verses were revealed. Ahmed bin Hambal in his Musnad and Ibn Hajar in his Sawa-iq al Muhriqah have confirmed this tradition.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

“He” in verse 61 refers to Isa. According to Sahih Muslim the Holy Prophet said:

“When Isa will descend from the heaven among you, the leader (of mankind) will be a man from among you.”

Refer to the commentary of Bara-at: 32, 33 for the reappearance of Imam Muhammad bin Hasan al Qa-im along with whom Isa will also come.

See Maryam: 36 for verse 64.

“Jesus said: ‘Begone, Satan! Scripture says: you shall worship the Lord your God and worship Him alone’.” (Matthew 4: 10)


وَقَالُوا أَآلِهَتُنَا خَيْرٌ أَمْ هُوَ ۚ مَا ضَرَبُوهُ لَكَ إِلَّا جَدَلًا ۚ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ خَصِمُونَ {58}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:58] (see commentary for verse 57)

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا عَبْدٌ أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَيْهِ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ مَثَلًا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ {59}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:59] (see commentary for verse 57)

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَجَعَلْنَا مِنْكُمْ مَلَائِكَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ يَخْلُفُونَ {60}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:60] (see commentary for verse 57)

وَإِنَّهُ لَعِلْمٌ لِلسَّاعَةِ فَلَا تَمْتَرُنَّ بِهَا وَاتَّبِعُونِ ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ {61}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:61] (see commentary for verse 57)

وَلَا يَصُدَّنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ {62}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:62] (see commentary for verse 57)

وَلَمَّا جَاءَ عِيسَىٰ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالَ قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَلِأُبَيِّنَ لَكُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي تَخْتَلِفُونَ فِيهِ ۖ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ {63}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:63] (see commentary for verse 57)

إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ {64}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:64] (see commentary for verse 57)

فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِنْ بَيْنِهِمْ ۖ فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمٍ أَلِيمٍ {65}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:65] (see commentary for verse 57)

هَلْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا السَّاعَةَ أَنْ تَأْتِيَهُمْ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ {66}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:66]

الْأَخِلَّاءُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقِينَ {67}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:67]

The partners in evil in this life will feel hatred and spite for each other, in anguish and agony, on the day of judgement, when they will be gathered together, a punishment in itself, from which the righteous will be free. The righteous will rejoice and thank Allah that they always sought friendship of the muttaqin referred to in Baqarah: 2 and 177. Imam Jafar bin Muhammad as Sadiq advised his followers to find and seek the friendship of the true muttaqin.

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The Holy Prophet said:

“Every relationship and connection will be cut off on the day of judgement save my relationship and connection.”


يَا عِبَادِ لَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْكُمُ الْيَوْمَ وَلَا أَنْتُمْ تَحْزَنُونَ {68}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:68]

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِآيَاتِنَا وَكَانُوا مُسْلِمِينَ {69}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:69]

ادْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ أَنْتُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ تُحْبَرُونَ {70}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:70]

يُطَافُ عَلَيْهِمْ بِصِحَافٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ وَأَكْوَابٍ ۖ وَفِيهَا مَا تَشْتَهِيهِ الْأَنْفُسُ وَتَلَذُّ الْأَعْيُنُ ۖ وَأَنْتُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ {71}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:71]

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The purpose of referring to the awareness of physical experience and consciousness is to assert the fact that the life of hereafter is not devoid of consciousness and the faculty of receiving sensation. In fact they will be in a high developed stage. Whatever a soul desires will be there. As verse 54 of Saba says a barrier shall be raised between the disbelievers and what they desire. For them the life of hereafter will be an abject deprivation.


وَتِلْكَ الْجَنَّةُ الَّتِي أُورِثْتُمُوهَا بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {72}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:72]

لَكُمْ فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ كَثِيرَةٌ مِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ {73}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:73]

إِنَّ الْمُجْرِمِينَ فِي عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدُونَ {74}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:74]

لَا يُفَتَّرُ عَنْهُمْ وَهُمْ فِيهِ مُبْلِسُونَ {75}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:75]

وَمَا ظَلَمْنَاهُمْ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا هُمُ الظَّالِمِينَ {76}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:76]

وَنَادَوْا يَا مَالِكُ لِيَقْضِ عَلَيْنَا رَبُّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ مَاكِثُونَ {77}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:77]

Malik is the angel in charge of hell. The inmates of fire will address this angel to tell him that annihilation is better than agony, but as verse 74 of Ta Ha says they will neither die nor live.


لَقَدْ جِئْنَاكُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَكُمْ لِلْحَقِّ كَارِهُونَ {78}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:78]

أَمْ أَبْرَمُوا أَمْرًا فَإِنَّا مُبْرِمُونَ {79}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:79]

أَمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّا لَا نَسْمَعُ سِرَّهُمْ وَنَجْوَاهُمْ ۚ بَلَىٰ وَرُسُلُنَا لَدَيْهِمْ يَكْتُبُونَ {80}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:80]

قُلْ إِنْ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ وَلَدٌ فَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْعَابِدِينَ {81}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:81]

The Holy Prophet, who has no equal in the degree of submission to Allah, would have worshipped the son of God if He had one, but glory be to Allah, He neither begets nor was He begotten. He is free from the things people attribute to Him. According to verse 4 of Zumar, had Allah pleased to take a son, He would have chosen him (the Holy Prophet) whom He liked the most among His creation in the sense of nearest nearness to Him as per Najm: 9 (two bows, or nearer still).

Isa said:

“I am now ascending to my father and your father, my God and your God.”(John 20: 17).

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The Holy Prophet said:

“My light was the first creation of Allah.”

“I and Ali are from one and the same light.”

The Ahl ul Bayt have said that as their light was the first creation of Allah, they were the first to worship Allah, before the angels.

To save his followers from the unpardonable sin of polytheism (shirk) the Holy Prophet asked them to always address him as the servant of Allah which is mentioned in every salat. Islam left no room for any kind of shirk to pollute the pure worship of Allah.


سُبْحَانَ رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ {82}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:82]

فَذَرْهُمْ يَخُوضُوا وَيَلْعَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يُلَاقُوا يَوْمَهُمُ الَّذِي يُوعَدُونَ {83}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:83]

وَهُوَ الَّذِي فِي السَّمَاءِ إِلَٰهٌ وَفِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَٰهٌ ۚ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ {84}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:84]

وَتَبَارَكَ الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَعِنْدَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ {85}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:85]

وَلَا يَمْلِكُ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَنْ شَهِدَ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ {86}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:86]

Refer to the commentary of Baqarah: 48 for intercession. Also refer to Baqarah: 255; Maryam: 87; TaHa: 109; Yunus: 3; Anbiya : 28 and Saba: 23.

According to this verse he who bears witness to the truth has the power of intercession. Refer to the commentary of Hud : 17 and Rad : 43 according to which Ali ibn abi Talib is the witness. As the greatest witness (shahid) Imam Husayn (refer to the commentary of Saffat: 107 for dhibhin azim) has the power of intercession.

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّهُ ۖ فَأَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ {87}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:87]

وَقِيلِهِ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّ هَٰؤُلَاءِ قَوْمٌ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ {88}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:88]

فَاصْفَحْ عَنْهُمْ وَقُلْ سَلَامٌ ۚ فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ {89}

[Pooya/Ali Commentary 43:89]

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