Once bn Malik narrated that the people asked the prophet [S A W] “Who are those fearless and unmiserable friends of God?’’ He replied: They are people who when they cast their eyes on the outward aspect of the world with an inquisitive look are able to determine the inner essence of it. For this reason, if people observe two worldly fasts, their struggle is for no purpose other than the future and the hereafter, so they reduce and moderate their attachment to the world for fear that the world might pollute and corrupt their saintly and godly souls and die hopeless. Instead of that the subdue and overpower the world. They stay away from the world as they are aware that the world is temporal and in transit [one day they will depart from it]. They over look and cast aside worldly provisions and fantasies i.e. they take a moderate stance towards worldly matters and are less vulnerable to it and captivated by them.


In their opinion the world has become old and ruined. They are not willing to revive and to rehabilitate it as their love for it has since vanished. So they dislike it and demolish it and over the ruins they build a new and everlasting abode. They sell the short lived life and buy an everlasting one. When they turn to look at the lovers of the world, they notice that they have declined and have died awaiting the punishment of God. For them there is no security and safety in this world except God and the hereafter is there hope and they fear none but Allah [God].”



The difference between fear and grief is that, usually fear is akin to the future and grief pertains to the past.


I call to your attention a critical and striking question that was raised in this tradition and they asked; “Who are those fearless and unmiserable friends of God?”

The Prophet {S A W] described them and he stated; “friends of God have signs and features and [that] one of the signs of a characteristic of a servant of God in relation to the lovers of the world is their ability to focus their attention on the real essence of the world.”

The Holy Qur’an says;


[They know the outward of this world but of the hereafter they are absolutely heedless.]


If such people give out what they possess, they consider it a decline or loss to what they own and since they are fond of the outward and not of the spiritual aspect.


Those who look at the spiritual aspect of something think in a different way as the Qur’an says;


[The parable of those who spend their property in the way of Allah is as the parable of the grain growing tars [with] a hundred grains growing in every ear, and Allah multiplies for whom he pleases; and Allah is Ample-giving, knowing].

Outward lookers say, if we take usury our stock [capital] will multiply, but inward lookers say, not only does it increase but also decreases and abates. The Qur’an in beautiful language states:


[Allah does not bless usury and He causes charitable deeds to prosper and Allah does not like any ungrateful sinner].


It emphasizes that God does not like sinful and ungrateful person. If one pays particular attention, he will notice that a society that is based on usury will sooner or later suffer serious consequences such as poverty, calamity and insecurity, but on the contrary a generous and charitable society will prosper and progress.


Before the Islamic revolution, newspapers used to get filled up with hosts of questions asking why so much foreign exchange was being spent. [Taken out of Iran] to meet the needs for the pilgrimage to Mecca [Hajj]; why are we enriching the Arabs? But since they started to look at the outward side of everything, they never used to understand and perceive the reality behind it that by spending this huge amounts of dollars on Hajj, how huge the spiritual benefit will be, which the pilgrim is brining with him into the country [in return for the sum of money he sacrificed in the way of God]. Hajj is a fundamental pillar of Islam and it is a hub of unity and honor to the Muslims.


You see how people strive for their life of two worldly fasts. An example of endueavours where by one is not pretty sure as to whether one profits from them or not. A certain individual in Tehran had built a house and for one and a half years he had been sitting in it doing nothing but drawing and painting. But this poor person had not been able to make the best of his house.

For a world in which he wishes to live for only four days he makes all this tireless effort and bustle and neglects the hereafter and he is ever unconcerned about it.


This tradition is a collection of qualities of Gods servants and that if you wish you might summaries them into three;


[1] Friends of God; they perceive the world better and they know that this world is in a transit and will soon pass away.


[2] They are never captivated by worldly provisions nor do they fall trap to worldly allures, since they are adequately aware of the reality of universe [of course the second category is a product of the first one].


[3] They make use of the world for necessary purposes. They build a new and everlasting abode on the ruins and rubbles of this world and they buy the hereafter for this world.


You might have noticed that God has absolutely elevated and raised certain individuals higher above others. How have they managed to ascend such levels? It is evident that they make absolute use of their lives and this enables them to leap from the world up to the firmaments and they leave the carpet and ascend the throne. Imam Ali ibn Abi Twalib [a s] on the day of Khadaq exhibited a mastery strike of the sword that it shall excel all worship of the Jinn and mankind combined together until the day of judgment. Since on that day, faith as a whole will stand firm against ‘kufr’ [disbelief].

[1] Behaar Anwar Vol. 74 page 181

[2] Qur’an chapter Rome: 7

[3] A hadith from the prophet reads; [The most ignorant person is one who fails to learn a lesson from ups and downs of the world].

Tasseer Nemunah Vol 13 page 13

[4] Qur’an chapter Baqarah: 261

[5] Qur’an chapter Baqarah:276
Source: al-shia.org

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