Written By: Ali Jaafary

In the Name of ALLAH the Merciful, the Compassionate

INTRODUCTION:

As history has often taught us, there are many lessons in life that come about in important events. Some events live in the hearts and minds of nations for century after century, and some very significant and most important events will live in the hearts and minds of mankind until Doomsday. Usually these kinds of events have either a very intellectual, divine and spiritual essence to them, or they are of inhumane atrocities and tragedies, that shocked the human race and many of the most remembered events contain both.

ALLAH (swt) says: In their histories there is certainly a lesson for men of understanding. (The Holy Quran 12 Yusuf-111).

If we examine the straight Path of the infallibles and purified ones among human beings, we quickly realize that their lives contained multitudes of lessons for humans who yearn to be close to their LORD ALLAH (swt). The stories of the lives of all our Prophets (a-s) are perfect examples of this; in fact it is by investigating all of the Prophets (a-s) extraordinary and amazing piety, knowledge, worship, ethics, merits, characteristics, etc that we truly realize their infallibility and pureness. It is through the veracious episodes of their lives, that confirm their superiority over all of the rest of humankind, this is what fills mans heart and soul with FAITH, and once man obtains faith, it becomes clear to him that in order to be close and near his most beloved LORD; ALLAH (swt) he must obey and follow ALLAH (swt), his Prophets (a-s) and those for whom he sent to us as authority. In fact, the one who fails to do so also fails to follow the Straight Path that leads to salvation and eternal felicity. In other words ones FAITH cannot be completed without following this very simple and logical rule.

O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Apostle, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end. (The Noble Quran 4 An-Nisa -59)

Surely, one who has studied the history and life story of Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) cannot deny that he was truly a divinely chosen authority for mankind, for all aspects of this great Holy Imams (a-s) life show only indisputable proof that he (a-s) was of an essence higher than any other person of his time, and had truly a special patience, piety, knowledge, etc¦ that was only found in the greatest servants (Prophets (a-s) and Imams (a-s)) of ALLAH (swt) that were sent to us as authority, in this short article we will investigate only 3 points of the many great attributes and characteristics of Imam Hasan (a-s). This brief articles purpose is as always, in hopes to achieve closeness and nearness to ALLAH (swt) and to encourage all our readers to investigate and study the great life of this Holy Infallible Imam; Imam Hasan (a-s) as well as the lives of all the 14 infallibles of the Ahlul-Bayt (a-s).

Point #1: IMAM HASANS (a-s) REMARKABLE BEHAVIOR:
And of those whom WE have created are the people who guide with the truth and thereby they do justice. (The Glorious Quran 7Al-Araf-181)

He who depends upon ALLAHs good option for him will not wish to be in a situation other than that which ALLAH (swt) opts for him. (Tuhaf Al-Uquul, Maxims of Imam Hasan (a-s) #6)

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) mentors were:

His Grand-father, Prophet Muhammad (saww) the seal and last prophet who was sent to all mankind as a mercy to them: Your companion does not err, nor does he go astray; nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed. (The Noble Quran 53-2 to 4).

His father the Wali Amr Amir Ul-Mumineen Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a-s) the only divinely chosen successor to our beloved Prophet Muhammad (saww) by ALLAH (swt): Only Allah is your Wali and His Apostle and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow (in the Rukoo). And whoever takes Allah and His apostle and those who believe for a guardian, and then surely the party of Allah is they that shall be triumphant. (The Glorious Quran 5 Al-Māidah-55-56).

His mother Sayeeda Fatimah Az-Zahra (s-a-s), the most beloved daughter of the Holy Prophet (saww), the mistress of all women: In the name of ALLAH the Merciful, the Compassionate. Surely WE have given you Kawthar. So pray to your LORD and sacrifice. Indeed it is your enemy who is without posterity. (The Glorious Quran 108 Al-Kawthar-1-3)

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) was in a constant state of worship and piety, he (a-s) was seen trembling while doing Wudu, he spent most of his (a-s) nights in prayer and supplication, he would fast much of the time as did his father Imam Ali (a-s), it is reported that he went to Hajj by foot twenty five times. Imam Hasan (a-s) was the perfect example for all mankind of piety, patience, generosity, etc.

During his short time as the Khalif of the Ummah, Imam Al-Mujtaba (a-s) would deprive himself of his meal until he (a-s) was reassured that all the needy, deprived, orphans and widows in the area had received their meals. Whenever a beggar would come to him during his (a-s) meal, he would give the food in front of him and remain hungry. (Akhlaq-e-Aaimma)

One day Imam Hasan (a-s) saw a young slave boy eating a morsel of bread, then giving the piece to his dog. Imam Hasan (a-s) asked the young slave boy: What made you do this? The boy answered: I feel ashamed when I eat and do not feed him. Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) said to him: Do not leave here until I return to you. Imam Al-Mujtaba went to the young slave boys master; he (a-s) bought the boy and the garden where the boy lived. Imam Hasan (a-s) then freed the slave boy and gave him the ownership of the garden. (Suhl Al-Hasan (a-s) by Shaykh Radi Al-Yasin)

Imam Hasan Ibn Ali (a-s) was endowed with so many moral points and humane qualities. He was a distinguished erudite, and was so gentle and so generous that he was revered and respected by all. (Tarikh al-Khulafa p.172, by Shaykh Al-Suyuti (r-d)) As Imam Hasan (a-s) was a very generous man it is enough to say that in his lifetime, he (a-s) spent all his personal wealth twice in the Path of ALLAH (swt) and three times he (a-s) divided his wealth giving half to charity and retaining half for himself. (Tarikh al-Yaqubi, vol 2 p.215, Outlines of the biographies of The Leaders of Islam by Ayatullah Shaykh Ustath Jafar Subhani)

Everyone was so overawed in the presents of the pure and infallible Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) that even Muawiya the enemy of; the Ahlul-Bayt (a-s), Imam Ali (a-s), the Prophet Muhammad (saww) and of ALLAH (swt); said: Whenever I saw him (a-s) I reflected about his position and feared that he might recount my shortcomings. (Ash Shiah wal Hakimun by Shaykh Muhammad Jawad Mughniyyah (r-d))

It is reported from a man from Damascus: One day I ran into a handsome and serene man wearing smartly on horseback. I asked who he was. They told me that he was Hasan Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a-s). I was filled with rage and jealousy of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a-s) for having such a distinctive and unique son. I approached him (a-s) and asked: Are you Alis (a-s) son? At the very second that I heard his affirmative answer, I piled out the most abusive and hateful words upon him (a-s). When I finally did stop, he (a-s) asked me if I was a traveler and a stranger. I replied: Yes. Then he (a-s) said to me in the most kindness and gentle way: If you have no place to live, I will give you a place and if you need money, I will give you money. When I parted him (a-s) I never had someone so dear in my heart as him (a-s). (Al-Kamil fil-adab, vol. 1, p.235)

One day Imam Hasan (a-s) learnt that the son of a widow in the neighbourhood was taken ill. He (a-s) went to visit the child. The poor widow lamented that there was no one who could help her in the illness of her child. The Holy Imam (a-s) said: Do not worry; I am here to provide help. Therefore he (a-s) visited them in the mornings and the evenings and fulfilled all their needs. He (a-s) would sit near the sick boy, massage him and speak to him words of comfort and assurance. Imam Hasan (a-s) also provided him with whatever he desired to eat. (Akhlaq-e-Aaimma, by Sayyed Zafar Hasan Amrohi (r-d)).

Point #2: IMAM HASANS (a-s) OUTSTANDING INTELLECTUAL CAPACITIES:

And of men and beasts and cattle are various species of it likewise; those of HIS servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear ALLAH; surely ALLAH is the All-Mighty, the All-Forgiving. (The Glorious Quran35 Fatir-28)

The Holy Prophet and Messenger of ALLAH (swt); Prophet Muhammad (saww) said: If wisdom was imagined in a man, he would be Hasan (Faraid al-Simtayn, vol. 2, p. 68)

Imam Hasans (a-s) remarkable and outstanding knowledge was incontestably of the highest possible eminence. Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) in his infallibility, pureness, piety and generosity mixed with his highest of intellectual capacity, made him without any doubt an incomparable source of guidance and divine knowledge to all mankind in his time period.

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) said: Teach your knowledge to others and try to teach yourself the knowledge of others (Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 111)

The King of Rome sent two queries to Muawiya: Which house is in the middle of the heavens? and What is the place where the sun only shines once? Of course Muawiya could not answer such questions, for questions like these were way beyond his mental capacities and knowledge, so he asked these questions to Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) who answered them promptly and without effort: The house in the middle of the heavens is the back of the Kaba and the place where the sun shines only once is the spot in the Nile river where Prophet Musa (a-s) hit with his staff and it opened to make a path to safety. (Akhlaq-e-Aaimma, by Sayyed Zafar Hasan Amrohi (r-d)).

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) said: Praise and Eulogy is for ALLAH (swt) who hears the conversation of who so ever talks and if he remains silent then HE knows whatever is there in his soul. And whoever lives, his sustenance is upon ALLAH and whoever dies his resurrection is with ALLAH. (Bihar Ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p.112)

Imam Hasan (a-s) instantly became acquainted with all the content of any of Quranic verses revealed when the Holy Prophet (saww) would reveal it to his (saww) followers. To the great surprise of Prophet Muhammad (saww), Sayyeda Fatimah Az-Zahra (s-a) would often recite the exact text of a newly revealed verse, before he (saww) had time to relate it personally to her (s-a). When he (saww) would ask Fatimah (s-a) about it, she (s-a) would tell him (saww) that it was through Imam Hasan (a-s) that she (s-a) learned the Revelation. Imam Hasan (a-s) was around 5 or 6 years old at the time. In human perfection Imam Hasan (a-s) was reminiscent of his father and a perfect example of his noble grand father; the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saww). (Al-Allamah as-Sayyed Muhammad Hussayn at-Tabatabai (r-a).

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) said: All the beneficences of both the worlds come to the hand and are achieved by the mind. (Bihar Ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 111)

An epistle on the Source of Power:

بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَن الرَّحيم

In the Name of ALLAH the Beneficent, the Merciful.

I have received your letter. Only because you referred to the perplexity of you and those who passed, I will explain the question to you. He who does not believe in the fact that ALLAH (swt) has full acquaintance with the good and the evil of the fate is a disbeliever. He who refers the doing of the acts of disobedience to HIM is sinful. ALLAH has not been obeyed by force and has not been defied due to HIS being overcome. HE has not respited the servants uselessly. ALLAH (swt) is surely the possessor of what HE has given to them in possession and controls what HE has empowered. HIS commandments are optional and HIS warnings are means of caution. If the servants cling to the obedience to ALLAH, they will not find any barrier in their way and if they disobey, ALLAH (swt) may do them favour by precluding them from doing such acts of disobediences. If HE does not do, then it is not HE who encourages them committing so by force or compulsorily. On the contrary, HE does them the favour of informing, advising, warning, ordering and telling them not to do so. HE does not frame them to obey HIM like the Angels and does not oblige them to commit acts of disobedience to HIM. Final authority belongs only to ALLAH (swt). Had HE wanted, HE would have given you all guidance. Peace be upon those who follow the right guidance. (Tuhaf Al-Uquul, Maxims of Imam Hasan (a-s))

A man asked Imam Hasan (a-s): What are those ten things that are harder than each other? Imam Hasan (a-s) answered: ALLAH (swt) has made the stone hard and made iron harder than it; because iron breaks the stone, and fire is stronger than iron because it melts the iron, water is more powerful than fire because it extinguishes the fire, the cloud is more powerful because it has control over the water; wind is more powerful than the cloud because it moves the cloud, more powerful than the wind is the Angel who controls the wind, more powerful than this Angel is the Angel of Death who can capture his soul. Death is more powerful than the Angel of Death for he himself would be subjected to death. More powerful than death is the command of ALLAH (swt), as by this death arrives and is warded off. (Akhlaq-e-Aaimma, by Sayyed Zafar Hasan Amrohi (r-d) / Tuhaf-Al-Uquul, by: Abu Mohammad Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Hussayn bin Shuba Al-Harrani (r-a)).

Point #3: IMAM HASANS (a-s) ASTONISHING BRAVERY AND HIS (A-S) MARTYRDOM:

O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to ALLAH and seek means of nearness to HIM and strive hard in HIS way that you may be successful. (The Glorious Quran5 Al-Maidah-35)

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) said: The annihilation of people lies in 3 things: Arrogance, greed and jealousy. (Bihar Al-Anwar by: Allamah Majlisi (r-a) vol. 78, p. 111)

His bravery was renowned in so many occasions as recorded in history books, in the battle of Siffin, Imam Hasan (a-s) would charge at the enemy who would scatter at this brave lion who resembled his Great father Imam Ali (a-s). In fact his father; Amir Ul-Mumineen Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a-s) would say to his companions: Stand before my son Hasan (a-s) and stop him from continuing forward for if he is Martyred in this battle, the progeny of the Holy Prophet (saww) will become instinct! (Nahj ul-Balagha, Vol. 2 p. 651)

In order to prevent too much bloodshed in the battle of the camel, Imam Ali (a-s) handed a sword to Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyah, and ordered him to go to the battle field and sever the legs of the she-camel that carried Ayishah, for should the camel fall it would stop the battle that would surely be a massacre of those foolish people who were incited and enticed by hypocrites and haters of Islam. However, the opposition forces were stern and defended the she-camel with vigour. Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyah would return to his camp without accomplishing the mission, when Imam Hasan (a-s) took the sword from him and charged towards the battle field with a fiery and prevailing stride, he (a-s) then succeeded in severing the she-camels legs, which completely changed the mood of the opponents and they gave up, therefore the battle of the camel ended in that way. Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyah with his head on his knees felt regret and sadness that he could not accomplish the task given to him by his father Imam Ali (a-s). Amir Ul-Mumineen Imam Ali (a-s) looked at him and said: O my son! Do not be unhappy with the victory of Hasan (a-s), because he is the son of Fatimah (s-a) and you are only my son. (Manaqib Ibn Sahr Ashob, vol.2, p. 21).

When Muawiya decided once again to try to steal away the leadership of Islam, he, in his evil strategies decided to make trouble with Imam Hasan (a-s) at the same time that the Romans began planning to attack the Muslims. The Roman Empire was just waiting for the right time to attack the Muslims, and Muawiya with his insistence to move forward and fight against Imam Hasan (a-s) would open up a deadly door that would have surely destroyed Islam. Had the battle between Muawiya and his cursed army against Imam Hasan (a-s) had taken place, the Roman Empire who were ready to attack the Muslims, with all the confusion with an army of 100,000 soldiers. Muawiya knowing that the Holy Imams (a-s) mission was to guide mankind and protect Islam, he used the information about the Roman Empire wanting to attack, should a civil war take place, knowingly against Imam Hasan (a-s) in hopes that Imam Hasan (a-s) would be forced to make a peace treaty with him (Muawiya) in order to save Islam. Muawiya who was full of trickery, deceit and hate for Islam and the Holy Prophet (saww) and his Ahlul-Bayt (a-s), knew already that he would scam his way out of the conditions of the peace treaty, in hopes of passing on as an inheritance, the leadership of Islam to his drunkard sinner son, the accursed Yazid and the rest of his worldly loving, scandalous, dishonest and ignorant progeny.

Imam Hasan (a-s) had an army of true faithful believing Muslims who loved the Imam (a-s), the Ahlul-Bayt (a-s), the Holy Prophet (saww) and ALLAH (swt), mixed along with hypocrites and Khawarij (who had planned to assassinate Imam Hasan (a-s) after a victory over Muawiya who they hated even more). Doubtful people, who were not brave or self sacrificing in battle. Money and power lovers who wanted only to profit every way possible, including treachery and betrayal and those who followed their tribal leaders and who would follow them if they would abandon the battle. Therefore, with such a disunited army, Imam Hasan (a-s) had truly no other choice but to negotiate for the good of Islam and for no other reason than saving the Divine religion that ALLAH (swt) chose for all mankind, and that was brought to mankind though the seal of the Prophets (a-s); Prophet Muhammad (saww). For details of the peace treaty I ask my dear readers to read some of the many great and accurate books on this subject.

The accursed Juda bint al-Ashath ibn Qays (Imam Hasans (a-s) wife) was encouraged by Muawiya to poison her husband the Holy Imam. Muawiya sent her 100,000 dirhams and promised her marriage to Yazid (may ALLAH (swt) curse him), the son of Muawiya. (Outline of the biographies of the leaders of Islam: Shaykh Jaafar Subhani, Aqiih al-Farid; vol. 4 p. 251, Al-Imamat wa al-Siasat; vol. 1 p. 174 and Muruj al-Dhahab; vol.3 p.105). After Juda (may ALLAH (swt) curse her) had carried out this most atrocious and despicable crime of poisoning the Holy Imam (a-s), Muawiya gave her the money, but instead he gave her to a man from the family of Talha as a substitute. (Kitab Al-Irshad by Shaykh Mufid (r-a), Maqatil al-Talibiyyin, 73)

Ibn Sireen, a servant of Hasan Ibn Ali (a-s) is reported to have said: I was with Imam Hasan and Imam Hussayn (a-s) in the house. Imam Hasan (a-s) came out of the bathroom and said: I have been poisoned many times but this time the poison was very strong. When I examined with a stick a fleshy thing, which had come out, I discovered that it was a piece of my liver.

Imam Hussayn (a-s) said: Who poisoned you? Imam Hasan (a-s) replied: Do you want to kill that person? May the wrath of ALLAH (swt) be upon him or her if it is the person, whom I suspect? If not, I do not want an innocent person to be implicated and punished. (Muqatil ul-Talibeen: Abu Faraj Ishahani. (r-a) 284 A.H. to 356 A.H. / ALSO: Same as reported by Umar Ibn Ishaq; in Kitab Al-Irshad by Shaykh Mufid (r-a), Maqatil al-Talibiyyin, 74). The poison had the Holy Imam (a-s) stay in bed ill for 40 days until he (a-s) achieved Martyrdom. (Tardjamat al-Imam al-Hasan by: Ibn Sad p. 176 / Tarikh Khulafa by: Rasul Jafarian) Miswars daughter, Umm Bakr reported: Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a-s) had been poisoned many times, although each time he survived, the last time the poison was so strong that it made pieces of his (a-s) liver to come out through his throat. (Al-Muntakhab Min Dhiyl al-mudhayyal, p. 514 / Tarikh Khulafa by: Rasul Jafarian)

The last testament of Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a-s) to his brother Imam Hussayn (a-s):

بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَن الرَّحيم

In the Name of ALLAH the Beneficent, the Merciful.

My dear brother, I am leaving you and joining my LORD, I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin. I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose him before ALLAH the All-Mighty, the All-High. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you, say nothing about that and wait for what ALLAH (swt) will decide concerning me. When I have died, shut my eyes, wash me, and shroud me. Then carry me on my bier to the grave to the grave of my grandfather, the Messenger of ALLAH; Prophet Muhammad (saww), so that I may renew my covenant with him. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother, Fatimah bint Asad, may ALLAH (swt) be pleased with her, and bury me there. My brother, the people will think that you intend to bury me with Rassulullah (saww). For that reason, they will gather to prevent you from doing it I swear by ALLAH (swt) that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in carrying out my command. (Kitab Al-Irshad, by Shaykh Mufid (r-a))

As the funeral proceeded towards the grave of the Holy Prophet (saww), some of the Umayyads mounted on horses, obstructed the proceedings and Ayishah appeared mounted on a mule, shouting out loudly that the grave of the Holy Prophet (saww) was in her house and she would not allow the grandson of Sayyeda Khadija (a-s) to be buried beside the Holy Prophet (saww). With the shouts of Ayishah, a shower of arrows showered the coffin. Imam Hussayn (a-s) in the fulfilment of the last wish of his (a-s) departed brother, turned the funeral procession toward ˜Baqi and when the Holy body was taken out of the coffin to be laid to rest in the grave, Imam Hussayn (a-s) upon finding some of the arrows which were showered on the coffin, had struck the Holy body of his Martyred brother; Imam Hasan (a-s), cried and addressing the dead body of his beloved brother, Imam Hasan (a-s) said: I am ashamed of thee O brother, that Hussayn is alive and sees your Pure and Holy body wounded and cannot do anything. (Hussayn (a-s)¦the king of Martyrs, by S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali p. 134)

Source: almujtaba.com


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