History of the Caliphs

By: Rasūl Ja’farīan

Translation by: Ali Ebrahimi

p. 326-327
We discussed earlier that a group of historians and tradionists have done their utmost to introduce the two brothers different. The false notion concerning their opinions about compromise was propounded in such a way as though Imām Husayn had denied the compromise and objected to his brother. It was justified, however, that Imām Husayn (a) had been faithful to his father’s policy whereas Imām Hasan had not approved of the policy of fighting. As already shown, Imām Mudjtabā had been of the same mind about the war and it was quite explicit in his remarks.

Imām Husayn is quoted as objecting to his brother, أعيذك بالله ان تكذّب علياً في قبره وتصدّق معاوية “I take refuge in Allāh that you deny ‘Alī in grave and confirm Mu‘āwiya!”[1]

It is also narrated in Madā’inī that Imām Husayn (a) balked at compromising until his brother convinced him.[2] Against such claims there are many proofs indicating that Imām Husayn (a) had known no other way more appropriate than compromising and had called upon people to obey his brother.

First, Imām Husayn’s practical way of conduct was indifference to the remarks and actions trying to set him against his brother and introduce him as the Shi‘ite Muslims’ leader in Iraq. To the very last moment of his brother’s life, Imām Husayn was beside him living like him in Medina. For eleven years even after his brother’s martyrdom, his position was exactly as that of his brother’s. It demonstrates that without a shadow of a doubt he agreed to compromise.

Second, Resentful of compromising, the extremist Shi‘ite Muslims came up to Imām Husayn urging him to undertake their leadership.

‘Alī Ibn Muhammad Ibn Bashīr Hamdānī recounted, “Sufyān Ibn Abī Laylā and I went to Medina to meet Hasan Ibn ‘Alī (a). When we stepped in, Musayyib Ibn Nadjba along with a number was there. I greeted him, السلام عليك يا مذل المؤمنين “Peace be upon you who humiliated the believers.”

Peace be upon you too, said Imām calmly, sit down. I never humiliated the believers but I held then dear. I compromised for the sake of naught but protecting you.

He added, “We went to visit his brother, Husayn, and inform him of what Hasan had said”.

Imām Husayn said, صدق ابو محمد، فليكن كل رجل منكم حلساً من أحلاس بيته مادام هذا الانسان حياً فان يهلك وانتم احياء رجونا أن يخيّر الله لنا ويؤتنا رشدنا ولايكلنا الى انفسنا “My brother is true. All of you should stay at home as long as Mu‘āwiya is alive. If he were dead and you alive, may Allāh do what our progress is in and may He leave us not on our own.”[3]

When he was demanded to rise up, Imām Husayn said, أما أنا، فليس رأيي اليوم ذلك، فالصقوا رحمكم الله بالارض واكمنوا البيوت واحترسوا الظنة مادام معاوية حيٌاً “Now I do not believe so. Mercy on you, as long as Mu‘āwiya is alive, stay at home and avoid being suspected.”[4]

Imām’s referring to Mu‘āwiya’s existence reveals that he was fully conscious of the prevailing situation which led to compromising. The role Mu‘āwiya played was pivotal. Anyhow, afte the compromise was finalized, the two brothers left Kūfa for Medina.

[1] Tardjamat al-imām al-Hasan, Ibn ‘Asākir, p. 178
[2] Sharh nahdj al-balāgha, Ibn Abi l-Hadīd, vol.XVI, p. 23; al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya, vol. VIII, p. 26; Usd al-ghāba, vol. II, p. 20; Kashf al-ghumma, vol.II. p.247; Tadhkirat al-khawās, p.197
[3] Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol.I, p.150; Akhbār al-tiwāl, p. 221; al-Imāma wa l-siyāsa, vol.I, p. 187
[4] Akhbār al-tiwāl, p.222
Source: maaref-foundation.com

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