BY JIBRAIL BRILL

The word Islam means peace and total submission to the will and law of God. A Muslim therefore is a person of peace to others and at peace with oneself and the environment. A Muslim is a person who has accepted and submitted to the will and law of God. It is with this reasons that prophets like Jesus, David, Abraham, Mosses and the others are said to have been Muslims.

GOD ALMIGHTY
Muslims believe in the existence of God Almighty who they call Allah in Arabic. They believe God is one, indivisible, with no parts, without a material body, who is not hollow, who was not born and does not beget. A God who is above space and time; a God who created everything from nothing, including space and time. He is one such that we can not think of another or a second one; He is one but not in number. He is with everything but not in physical nearness. He is holy such that no impurity flows from him. Impurities such as urine, feaces, menstruation blood or the blood of child birth and others can not reach him. He does not eat nor does he go to the toilet. He does not take the shapes of his creatures. None is like him. He is unlimited in all respect. He is all powerful and ever alive. He is the only ruler of the universe and the Day of Judgment. He never dies nor does he sleep. He is never seen. He is above everything and all powerful. He is from everlasting to everlasting. He is the beginning of everything and everything to him returns. Muslims do not believe in the trinity. Therefore, if a Muslim is told that such and such is God, they will compare that such and such with these attributes before they can agree or disagree on its God-ship.

ANGELS
Muslims believe in angels who are sinless and never make mistakes. These do not have a physical body. They have duties that they perform. For example others bring our sustenance and our livelihood. Others are message bearers. Some are responsible for taking our souls at the time of death. Still others are in charge of the rains and winds and so on and so forth.

 

PROPHETS

Muslims believe that all prophets were sinless and born from sinless fathers and mothers. That all the prophets were sent by God to teach people good morals and to guide people to the right path that leads to everlasting life and bliss. That these prophets, each had they successors appointed by God and these successors were introduced to the people by the prophets themselves. For example the successor of Mosses was Aaron, and for Jesus was Peter and Imam Ali was a successor for Muhammad. They also believe that all prophets have miracles as a sign of their prophet hood. Like splitting of the Red Sea by Mosses, raising the dead by Jesus, Elijah and Elisha, and the splitting of the moon by Muhammad and declaration of Muhammad’s prophet hood by pebbles at his request. Ali said one day I was with Muhammad when the tribe of Quraish said to him, “the thing you are claiming to be (i.e. prophet) is something very big. If your claim is true, then command that palm tree to come here where are, then we are going to believe in you, if you can. Muhammad told them that ‘I can do that, but I know that even if I do it you still not believe.’ Then he spoke to the tree saying, ‘if you believe in the oneness of God and recognize my prophet hood, come here where we are.’ Then I heard the broking of the tree’s roots as it uprooted itself and came where we were. The tree came so close to me that its leaves touched my shoulders. After this, the people told Muhammad to ask the tree to go back in two parts. Muhammad asked the tree to do what the people had asked. And the tree broke into two parts and one by one went back to its original place. Then people said ‘look what a magician Muhammad is.’”

Muslims believe that God sent a hundred and twenty four thousand prophets. The first, they believe was Adam and the last and seal of prophets being Muhammad. Muslims believe that among these prophets, we have five Arch-prophets. The Arch-prophets are Noah, Abraham, Mosses, Jesus and Muhammad. They believe the Arch-prophets were given divine books and each had independent teachings from each other and the other prophets. Muslims believe that all the prophets never ever sinned at any time. For if a prophet sins, then who will not sin? And if prophets are sinners how can they guide others to righteousness? It will be like when a blind man leads another blind man; both will fall into a ditch. A prophet must be sinless so that he can be able to lead others to righteousness. God sends prophets to guide people as a sign and mercy, not sinful people to mislead us. However, between choosing the best and the better, or the easier and the easiest, they sometimes chose the better and the easier. For this God reprehended them. And some people have wrongly called this sin.

 

Muslims believe that all prophets were Muslims since they all submitted to the will of God and accepted to be directed by God’s law. They also believe that all prophets had one message from one source, though some of it, depending on the time, was brief and others were detailed. But the most detailed was that of Muhammad since it was the last and meant for the entire universe, and since people of our age are more mentally mature as compared to those in the past. As part of their belief, Muslims respect all the other previous religions since they all have their origin in God. However, they believe that the most suitable religion for our age is Islam since it answers all the problems of people now.

 

 

THE QURA’N

Muslims believe that the Qura’n is Muhammad’s live miracle. Although, Muhammad did not go to school, he still has such an encyclopedic book to his credit. The miracles of other prophets were short lived and can not be seen in our time, but the Qur’an remains forever and can still be seen as a proof of Muhammad’s prophet hood. They believe that it was dictated to Gabriel and Gabriel to Muhammad. But sometimes it was also revealed straight to the heart of Muhammad by God himself. They all believe that the Qur’an has not changed in anyway, in its word, letter or dot. It still remains the same as it was sent by God and God has promised saying, “We revealed the Qur’an and we shall protect it.” (The chapter Al-Hijr verse 9).

 

When the Qur’an was being revealed Muhammad used to ask his Secretaries to record it for him. Then he himself kept the original while others copied from it. And many more memorized it. But it was bound into a form of a book it is today by Othman the third Caliph and the other compassions of Muhammad approved of this work. Among those who approved it was Ali. Muslims believe that no human being like Christians, or Jews, or Zoroastrians taught Muhammad any thing that is in the Qur’an, only God Almighty did. In the chapter entitled the Bee verse103, God says, “They claim that what he (Muhammad) teaches, is what he learnt from human beings. They forget that those they claim to have taught him are none Arabic speaking and this Qur’an has been revealed in the most pure inform of Arabic fluency.”

 

JUSTICE

Muslims believe that God is just and exercises justice towards his creatures. He does not oppress his creatures. He created them with a free will. Free will, however, does not mean that he allowed us to choose between right and wrong. But rather, it means that he allowed us to choose to do an action or not to do it. On top of this he put in us the faulty of conscience which differentiates between right and wrong, good and bad. For example to believe in God is good, but whether a person believes in God or not, has been left to the person concerned. Also, we all know that oppression is bad, but whether a person oppresses others has been left to the person concerned. Therefore, God will reward and punish people according to their actions.

 

LEADERSHIP OR SUCCOSSORSHIP OF MUHAMMAD

Since people are always in need of guidance until the end of this world, Muslims believe that there must be a successor of the prophet to guide people to righteousness; therefore the successor of the prophet must be sinless. Since he must be sinless, therefore he must be chosen by God himself and introduce by the prophet himself or his predecessor who is himself also sinless. People can not choose the successors of the prophet because people do not have the ability to identify a sinless person. Hence, if people would stand up and choose a person through a vote to make him a successor of the prophet, in reality he still will be not the successor of the prophet since God did not choose him. It is only God who knows who is rightfully to be the leader of his religion. In the same that God chose the prophet; people did not vote that Muhammad, Jesus, Noah, Mosses and the others be prophets, it was God himself who chose them, therefore it must be God himself to choose the successors of prophets and not people’s votes. Hence the successor (s) of the prophet is or those who chosen by God and introduced by God and not those chosen by people.

 

RESURRECTION

Muslims believe, in future this world will come to an end and all the dead people will be brought to life and judged according to their deeds in this world. Those with good deeds will be award life of bliss in paradise and those with bad deeds will be punished according to their wrongs. In this regard, Muslims believe that a human being can mainly be divided into main parts, namely the physical body and the spirit which is the part that God breathed into man. As scientifically proven, they believe that the physical body even in this world under goes regular change. For example when a baby is born it has a certain body which changes completely every seven years. Meaning that the body we have to day is completely different from the one we had seven years ago. Also when we get fat or thin, our bodies differ from the original ones. Even the bodies we have in old age differ from the ones in our youth days.

 

However, there is something in us which does not change. For example our DNN remain the same even long after we have died and can still be traced, while the other parts change into the original elements they had been in the soil. The other thing that remains unchanged is our memory. Although our body changes, we still remember all that we have experienced through life. Muslims believe that this shows that there must be something where this memory should be recorded for it to remain with us. They call that something the spirit or soul. Muslims believe that it is this spirit that God will use to resurrect people from the dead.

 

BRANCHES OF PRACTICAL ISLAM ARE TEN

PRAYERS: Muslims have five daily obligatory prayers which a Muslim must perform without fail. These become obligatory on every Muslim who has reached the age of maturity and responsibility. For boys the signs of maturity are any one of the following: reaching fifteen years of age, or growing of pubic hair, or coming out of sperms for the first time whether it be in a dream or any other way, even if it was before turning fifteen years of age.

 

And the signs of maturity in girls are any one of the following: completing nine years of age, or growing of pubic hair, or having attended the first monthly menstruation period, even if it be before her completing nine years of age.

 

FASTING: It is a must for mature Muslims to fast in the month of Rmahdan (which begins following the appearance of the new moon of Ramadan, until the night when the new moon of the following month appears, or on the completion of thirty days of fasting).

 

ALMS GIVING (ZAKAH)

This is payable at the rate of 2.5% on the value of one’s capital possession per year, such as gold silver, wheat, barely, dates, raisins, cattle, camels and sheep, according to their specific given conditions. The descendants of Muhammad known seyyids or Sadat do not get any part of this money.

KHUMS: Paying of 20% of one’s saving, after deducting all legitimate expenses from the earnings of the given year. The descendants of Muhammad are entitled to half of this amount ( that is those who are poor among them) and the other half goes to the successor of Muhammad in that given time or his representative.

 

HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA): It is obligatory on those who have the means to go for Hajj once in ones life time. Having the “means” here means having funds to travel to and from Mecca and as while as maintaining ones family while he is away. Hajj is performed in the Islamic month of Dhul al-Hajj.

 

JIHAD: Means to struggle in spiritual reformation and self purification to becoming a better person every time in a Muslim’s life, so that he does not commit sin. It also includes defending Islam when attached to war and preaching and teaching Islam to others.

ENCOURAGING GOOD (AMR BIL MA’RUF): It means, by using tact and wisdom, encouraging and guiding others to performing good needs and actions.

 

DISCOURAGING WHAT IS WRONG (NAHI ANIL MUNKAR): It means, by using tact and wisdom, discouraging, preventing and stopping others from doing bad deeds and actions.

 

FRIENDSHIP (TAWALLA): It means loving and obeying God, Muhammad, lovers of the truth the successors of Muhammad, Fatima and the other prophets, and being a friend and kind to those who have been mentioned above.

 

TABARRA (ENEMITY): It means staying away and disassociating oneself from those people who are enemies of God, Muhammad, the truth, the successors of Muhammad, Fatima and the other prophets.

 

 

 

 

ISLAMIC BELIEF, DOCTRINE AND PRACTICES

 

BY JIBRAIL BRILL
The word Islam means peace and total submission to the will and law of God. A Muslim therefore is a person of peace to others and at peace with oneself and the environment. A Muslim is a person who has accepted and submitted to the will and law of God. It is with this reasons that prophets like Jesus, David, Abraham, Mosses and the others are said to have been Muslims.

GOD ALMIGHTY
Muslims believe in the existence of God Almighty who they call Allah in Arabic. They believe God is one, indivisible, with no parts, without a material body, who is not hollow, who was not born and does not beget. A God who is above space and time; a God who created everything from nothing, including space and time. He is one such that we can not think of another or a second one; He is one but not in number. He is with everything but not in physical nearness. He is holy such that no impurity flows from him. Impurities such as urine, feaces, menstruation blood or the blood of child birth and others can not reach him. He does not eat nor does he go to the toilet. He does not take the shapes of his creatures. None is like him. He is unlimited in all respect. He is all powerful and ever alive. He is the only ruler of the universe and the Day of Judgment. He never dies nor does he sleep. He is never seen. He is above everything and all powerful. He is from everlasting to everlasting. He is the beginning of everything and everything to him returns. Muslims do not believe in the trinity. Therefore, if a Muslim is told that such and such is God, they will compare that such and such with these attributes before they can agree or disagree on its God-ship.

ANGELS
Muslims believe in angels who are sinless and never make mistakes. These do not have a physical body. They have duties that they perform. For example others bring our sustenance and our livelihood. Others are message bearers. Some are responsible for taking our souls at the time of death. Still others are in charge of the rains and winds and so on and so forth.

 

PROPHETS

Muslims believe that all prophets were sinless and born from sinless fathers and mothers. That all the prophets were sent by God to teach people good morals and to guide people to the right path that leads to everlasting life and bliss. That these prophets, each had they successors appointed by God and these successors were introduced to the people by the prophets themselves. For example the successor of Mosses was Aaron, and for Jesus was Peter and Imam Ali was a successor for Muhammad. They also believe that all prophets have miracles as a sign of their prophet hood. Like splitting of the Red Sea by Mosses, raising the dead by Jesus, Elijah and Elisha, and the splitting of the moon by Muhammad and declaration of Muhammad’s prophet hood by pebbles at his request. Ali said one day I was with Muhammad when the tribe of Quraish said to him, “the thing you are claiming to be (i.e. prophet) is something very big. If your claim is true, then command that palm tree to come here where are, then we are going to believe in you, if you can. Muhammad told them that ‘I can do that, but I know that even if I do it you still not believe.’ Then he spoke to the tree saying, ‘if you believe in the oneness of God and recognize my prophet hood, come here where we are.’ Then I heard the broking of the tree’s roots as it uprooted itself and came where we were. The tree came so close to me that its leaves touched my shoulders. After this, the people told Muhammad to ask the tree to go back in two parts. Muhammad asked the tree to do what the people had asked. And the tree broke into two parts and one by one went back to its original place. Then people said ‘look what a magician Muhammad is.’”

Muslims believe that God sent a hundred and twenty four thousand prophets. The first, they believe was Adam and the last and seal of prophets being Muhammad. Muslims believe that among these prophets, we have five Arch-prophets. The Arch-prophets are Noah, Abraham, Mosses, Jesus and Muhammad. They believe the Arch-prophets were given divine books and each had independent teachings from each other and the other prophets. Muslims believe that all the prophets never ever sinned at any time. For if a prophet sins, then who will not sin? And if prophets are sinners how can they guide others to righteousness? It will be like when a blind man leads another blind man; both will fall into a ditch. A prophet must be sinless so that he can be able to lead others to righteousness. God sends prophets to guide people as a sign and mercy, not sinful people to mislead us. However, between choosing the best and the better, or the easier and the easiest, they sometimes chose the better and the easier. For this God reprehended them. And some people have wrongly called this sin.

 

Muslims believe that all prophets were Muslims since they all submitted to the will of God and accepted to be directed by God’s law. They also believe that all prophets had one message from one source, though some of it, depending on the time, was brief and others were detailed. But the most detailed was that of Muhammad since it was the last and meant for the entire universe, and since people of our age are more mentally mature as compared to those in the past. As part of their belief, Muslims respect all the other previous religions since they all have their origin in God. However, they believe that the most suitable religion for our age is Islam since it answers all the problems of people now.

 

 

THE QURA’N

Muslims believe that the Qura’n is Muhammad’s live miracle. Although, Muhammad did not go to school, he still has such an encyclopedic book to his credit. The miracles of other prophets were short lived and can not be seen in our time, but the Qur’an remains forever and can still be seen as a proof of Muhammad’s prophet hood. They believe that it was dictated to Gabriel and Gabriel to Muhammad. But sometimes it was also revealed straight to the heart of Muhammad by God himself. They all believe that the Qur’an has not changed in anyway, in its word, letter or dot. It still remains the same as it was sent by God and God has promised saying, “We revealed the Qur’an and we shall protect it.” (The chapter Al-Hijr verse 9).

 

When the Qur’an was being revealed Muhammad used to ask his Secretaries to record it for him. Then he himself kept the original while others copied from it. And many more memorized it. But it was bound into a form of a book it is today by Othman the third Caliph and the other compassions of Muhammad approved of this work. Among those who approved it was Ali. Muslims believe that no human being like Christians, or Jews, or Zoroastrians taught Muhammad any thing that is in the Qur’an, only God Almighty did. In the chapter entitled the Bee verse103, God says, “They claim that what he (Muhammad) teaches, is what he learnt from human beings. They forget that those they claim to have taught him are none Arabic speaking and this Qur’an has been revealed in the most pure inform of Arabic fluency.”

 

JUSTICE

Muslims believe that God is just and exercises justice towards his creatures. He does not oppress his creatures. He created them with a free will. Free will, however, does not mean that he allowed us to choose between right and wrong. But rather, it means that he allowed us to choose to do an action or not to do it. On top of this he put in us the faulty of conscience which differentiates between right and wrong, good and bad. For example to believe in God is good, but whether a person believes in God or not, has been left to the person concerned. Also, we all know that oppression is bad, but whether a person oppresses others has been left to the person concerned. Therefore, God will reward and punish people according to their actions.

 

LEADERSHIP OR SUCCOSSORSHIP OF MUHAMMAD

Since people are always in need of guidance until the end of this world, Muslims believe that there must be a successor of the prophet to guide people to righteousness; therefore the successor of the prophet must be sinless. Since he must be sinless, therefore he must be chosen by God himself and introduce by the prophet himself or his predecessor who is himself also sinless. People can not choose the successors of the prophet because people do not have the ability to identify a sinless person. Hence, if people would stand up and choose a person through a vote to make him a successor of the prophet, in reality he still will be not the successor of the prophet since God did not choose him. It is only God who knows who is rightfully to be the leader of his religion. In the same that God chose the prophet; people did not vote that Muhammad, Jesus, Noah, Mosses and the others be prophets, it was God himself who chose them, therefore it must be God himself to choose the successors of prophets and not people’s votes. Hence the successor (s) of the prophet is or those who chosen by God and introduced by God and not those chosen by people.

 

RESURRECTION

Muslims believe, in future this world will come to an end and all the dead people will be brought to life and judged according to their deeds in this world. Those with good deeds will be award life of bliss in paradise and those with bad deeds will be punished according to their wrongs. In this regard, Muslims believe that a human being can mainly be divided into main parts, namely the physical body and the spirit which is the part that God breathed into man. As scientifically proven, they believe that the physical body even in this world under goes regular change. For example when a baby is born it has a certain body which changes completely every seven years. Meaning that the body we have to day is completely different from the one we had seven years ago. Also when we get fat or thin, our bodies differ from the original ones. Even the bodies we have in old age differ from the ones in our youth days.

 

However, there is something in us which does not change. For example our DNN remain the same even long after we have died and can still be traced, while the other parts change into the original elements they had been in the soil. The other thing that remains unchanged is our memory. Although our body changes, we still remember all that we have experienced through life. Muslims believe that this shows that there must be something where this memory should be recorded for it to remain with us. They call that something the spirit or soul. Muslims believe that it is this spirit that God will use to resurrect people from the dead.

 

BRANCHES OF PRACTICAL ISLAM ARE TEN

PRAYERS: Muslims have five daily obligatory prayers which a Muslim must perform without fail. These become obligatory on every Muslim who has reached the age of maturity and responsibility. For boys the signs of maturity are any one of the following: reaching fifteen years of age, or growing of pubic hair, or coming out of sperms for the first time whether it be in a dream or any other way, even if it was before turning fifteen years of age.

 

And the signs of maturity in girls are any one of the following: completing nine years of age, or growing of pubic hair, or having attended the first monthly menstruation period, even if it be before her completing nine years of age.

 

FASTING: It is a must for mature Muslims to fast in the month of Rmahdan (which begins following the appearance of the new moon of Ramadan, until the night when the new moon of the following month appears, or on the completion of thirty days of fasting).

 

ALMS GIVING (ZAKAH)

This is payable at the rate of 2.5% on the value of one’s capital possession per year, such as gold silver, wheat, barely, dates, raisins, cattle, camels and sheep, according to their specific given conditions. The descendants of Muhammad known seyyids or Sadat do not get any part of this money.

KHUMS: Paying of 20% of one’s saving, after deducting all legitimate expenses from the earnings of the given year. The descendants of Muhammad are entitled to half of this amount ( that is those who are poor among them) and the other half goes to the successor of Muhammad in that given time or his representative.

 

HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA): It is obligatory on those who have the means to go for Hajj once in ones life time. Having the “means” here means having funds to travel to and from Mecca and as while as maintaining ones family while he is away. Hajj is performed in the Islamic month of Dhul al-Hajj.

 

JIHAD: Means to struggle in spiritual reformation and self purification to becoming a better person every time in a Muslim’s life, so that he does not commit sin. It also includes defending Islam when attached to war and preaching and teaching Islam to others.

ENCOURAGING GOOD (AMR BIL MA’RUF): It means, by using tact and wisdom, encouraging and guiding others to performing good needs and actions.

 

DISCOURAGING WHAT IS WRONG (NAHI ANIL MUNKAR): It means, by using tact and wisdom, discouraging, preventing and stopping others from doing bad deeds and actions.

 

FRIENDSHIP (TAWALLA): It means loving and obeying God, Muhammad, lovers of the truth the successors of Muhammad, Fatima and the other prophets, and being a friend and kind to those who have been mentioned above.

 

TABARRA (ENEMITY): It means staying away and disassociating oneself from those people who are enemies of God, Muhammad, the truth, the successors of Muhammad, Fatima and the other prophets.

 

 

Source: al-shia.org


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