The Life of Imam al-Mahdi

By: Allama Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi

Translation by: Sayyid Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi

p. 317-336
Traditional reports of the Prophet of Islam and Purified Imams (a.s) on the subject of the reappearance of His Eminence, Imam Mahdi (a.s), mention about signs and portents of his advent. They mention about the time and place where he would reappear. However, the signs of reappearance can be categorized into the certain and probable signs of reappearance.

Certain Signs

Narrations and traditions are unanimous in this respect and some of the signs preceding the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s) are certain and inevitable. Among them are the following:

Widespread Injustice and Oppression

Among the prominent signs of reappearance of His Eminence, Imam Mahdi (a.s) is widespread injustice and oppression and total absence of peace and security in such a way that fear, terror, calamities, problems, corruption, mischief and ignorance will dominate human society. The people shall do anything for the sake of the world and they shall compete with each other on the way of sin and evil and in their view sin would be considered good and on one hand the Islamic Law, like in the beginning, would be unknown to the people. Kingdoms of the great oppressors of the world would subjugate Muslims and their reputation and economic sources shall be destroyed. Following are some traditions in this regard:

1. Abu Saeed Khudri has narrated that the Holy Prophet (a.s) said, “After me mischiefs will arise and Ihlas (Addiction) is one of them. And in it is war and flight and after that also mischiefs will arrive in such a way that for every age it would be said that another mischief has ended in the same way it will move forward and these mischiefs will enter each and every center of the family of all Arabs and Muslims till a man from my progeny will appear.”[1]

This tradition proves that tribulations, bloodshed, calamities and horrible events would surround the Islamic and non-Islamic countries and the life of all Arabs and Muslims.

2. Abu Saeed Khudri has narrated that the Holy Prophet (a.s) said, “This severity and suffocation would continue on you in such a way that the earth shall be replete with injustice and oppression and no one would dare to say, “God”. After that the Almighty Allah would send a man from my progeny who would fill the earth with justice and equity just as it would have been fraught with injustice. And the earth will discharge its bounties and blessings and the life of Muslims would become prosperous and comfortable.”[2]

3. Abu Saeed Khudri narrated that the Holy Prophet (a.s) said, “In the Last Age, severe tribulations would afflict my community from their rulers and kings such that they have not heard of more severe atrocities and the earth shall become constricted for them and become filled with injustice and oppression and the faithful believer would have no place of refuge from those oppressions. At that time, Almighty Allah would send a man from my progeny who would fill the earth with justice and equity and all inhabitants of the earth and heavens would be satisfied and happy and the earth would spew out its treasures and the sky would shower its blessings…”[3]

4. The Holy Prophet (a.s) said, “After me are Caliphs and after Caliphs, rulers and after rulers, kings and after kings, emperors and tyrannical and rebellious dictators. After that a man from my Ahle Bayt will reappear and fill the earth with justice and equity just as it would be fraught with injustice and oppression.”[4]

This tradition shows that the administrators of the Muslims shall be of various kinds: Some caliphs, some kings and some tyrants. They would fill up the earth and cities with injustice. After that Almighty God would send the great savior, Mahdi of the Progeny of Muhammad and he would destroy the tyrants and establish Divine Law on the earth.

5. Auf bin Malik has narrated from the Messenger of Allah (a.s) that he said, “How shall you be, O Aufa When the community would be divided into 73 sects, one of whom would go to Paradise and the rest to Hell ?”

Auf immediately asked, “How ?”

The Prophet of Islam (a.s) said, “…A time when fools would occupy the pulpits and Zakat would be considered a loss and trusts shall be considered as war booty. Contemplation in religion of Allah shall be for other than Allah. Men shall obey their wives and be disowned by their mothers. They shall become aloof from their father. The last of this Ummah will curse the first and the transgressing tribes shall be leading them and the leaders of the people will be the worst people among them. People would respect them for being safe from their mischief. At that time people will take refuge in Damascus which is the best city of Sham (Syria) and they shall remain safe from the enemies.”

It was asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would Sham be conquereda”

He replied, “Very soon (it would be conquered), after that mischief will arise. Then the mischief of the worst kind would appear. In short, there would be mischief after mischief till finally a man from my Ahle Bayt would appear, whose name is Mahdi (a.s).”[5]

6. The Prophet of Islam (a.s) said, “The Mahdi of this community is from us (our family). When confusion, turmoil and mischief would surround the world and the paths shall be cut off and people will destroy each other and the elders shall not be merciful on the young and the young shall not respect the elders. In that period, the Almighty Allah would send our Mahdi, who is the ninth descendant of Imam Husain (a.s) and he would conquer the centers of deviation and the oblivious hearts and establish religion just as it were founded and he shall fill the earth with justice and equity just as it would be full of injustice and oppression.”[6]

7. It is narrated from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) that he said, “Mahdi (a.s) will reappear at the time when fear, mischiefs, calamities, epidemics, violence, divisions in religion and transformation of the peoples’ condition shall be dominant on the world and society. Day and night people would yearn for death and shall be at each other’s throat. In other words despair and hopelessness would have conquered them. At that time His Eminence would reappear; and congratulations to the one reaches Imam Mahdi (a.s) and becomes his supporter and woe to the one who opposes him.”[7]

8. His Eminence, Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) said to a group of his Shias regarding His Eminence, Imam Mahdi (a.s), “Our Qaim would receive help in instilling fear and awe in the hearts of the enemies, and the earth will come into his control and its treasures would be uncovered for him. His rulership will extend to the east and the west. The Almighty Allah would make His religion dominant even if polytheists detest it. He would revive the barren lands and the earth would sprout out its vegetation and during his time, people would be immersed in blessings such that its parallel has never been seen.”

A man in the gathering asked, “When would your Qaim reappear ?”

The Holy Imam (a.s) in reply to this question related the signs of reappearance saying, “A time when men shall resemble women. When women shall be in saddles and men shall omit prayers and follow the base desires and take usury and consider spilling of human blood easy and deal with usury and openly commit fornication and construct high-rises and consider lying permissible and accept bribery and follow sensual desires and sell religion in exchange of material benefits and dissociate from relatives and consider forbearance as weakness and oppression as pride. The rulers shall be sinners, the administrators, liars, the trustees, misappropriators and friends and helpers shall be oppressors. Reciters of Quran shall be sinners. Oppression would be open and divorces common and sins would be committed openly and false testimonies would be accepted, wine would be imbibed and man shall mount upon man and women shall be needless of men and public funds would be considered spoils of war, alms would be considered a monetary loss. They would be afraid of the tongue of the evil people. A time when Sufyani would arise from Sham and Yamani would appear from Yemen and a descendant of the Progeny of Muhammad would be slain between Rukn and Maqam. A caller will call out from the sky: The truth is with him and his followers. This is the time of the reappearance of our Qaim. When he reappears he would lean on the Ka’ba and 313 of his followers will gather around him. The first words he utters would be: The remnant of Allah is best for you, if you only knew it. Then he would say: I am the remnant of Allah and the Caliph of Allah and His proof upon you. At this his point every Muslim would salute him in the following manner: Peace be upon you, O remnant of Allah on His earth. And when ten thousand men gather before him neither would Jews survive nor Christians or those who worship other than Allah. Rather all would bring faith on him and testify about him and a single community, that is the Islamic community shall come into being. Indeed a fire would descend from the sky and burn up all the deities other than Allah that are deified in every nook and corner of the world.”[8]

The Signs of the Hour (Qiyamat)

Some traditions mention the events of the Final Age, like the mischiefs, calamities and tribulations and it is assumed that these are also signs of the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s) and we shall mention two traditions of this type:

First Tradition

Ata, son of Abu Riyah narrated from the Rabbi of the Ummah, Abdullah bin Abbas that he said: I performed the Farewell Hajj with the Holy Prophet (a.s). His Eminence held the door of the Ka’ba and glanced to the people and said, “Do you want me to inform you about the signs of the Hour and Qiyamata”

Salman Farsi who was the most proximate to the Prophet replied, “Yes, O Allah’s Messenger!”

His Eminence began to reply and said, “One of the signs of Qiyamat is that the Prayer would be wasted – that is the Prayer of the Muslims will lapse. And sensual desires shall be followed.

And people would be inclined to their carnal desires. Religion would be lost for material gains. It is the time when hearts of the faithful shall be terrified of widespread evils that they would witness but would be unable to change. It would be like salt dissolves in water.

Salman inquired in surprise, “O Allah’s Messenger! Indeed, would such a time really come to passa” He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose control is my life! O Salman! At that time leadership and guardianship of Muslims shall be in the hands of tyrannical rulers. Rulers, whose ministers shall be transgressors and the nobles, unjust and the trustees, misappropriators.”

Salman (r.a.) asked, “Would such conditions really occur, O Allah’s Messenger!” He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! At that time evil shall be considered good and good, evil. The misappropriator would be a trustee on paper only and the trustee would misappropriate. The liar shall be testified for and the truthful deemed a liar.”

Salman asked in astonishment, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would it indeed be in this waya”

He said, “Yes! By the God in Whose Control is my life! O Salman! In that age, women shall be rulers and maidservants would become consultants and children would mount pulpits. Lying would be a way of life, Zakat would be considered a monetary loss, and misappropriation of public funds would be considered a type of profit. Men shall oppress their parents and be kind to their friends and a comet shall appear.”

Salman again asked, “O Allah’s Messenger would it indeed be in this waya” He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose control is my life! O Salman! At that time, the wife would be a partner in the trade of her husband and rain would not fall in its season. But it would fall in summer. The kind people would be very hot- tempered. The poor man shall be humiliated. At that time markets shall become proximate to each other. A time when one would say: I have not sold anything and another would say: I have made no profit. In such a way that everyone who hears this would understand that he is thankless to God.”

Salman asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would this indeed come to pass ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose control is my life! O Salman! At this time some groups would be dominating them. Such that even if they move their lips they shall be killed and if they don’t say anything their enemies would consider their property permissible for themselves. Till they would fill their pockets with public funds and misbehave with their ladies, spill their blood and their fill their hearts with fear, terror and awe. In those days you will not see the believers except in a condition of fear, terror and awe.”

Salman beseeched, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would such a time come for the believers ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! At this time, they would get some things from the east and some from west so that they may lead the Muslim community. In that period woe be to the helpless condition of my community by the mischiefs of the east and west. And woe be on the condition of the easterners and westerners from divine chastisement. Yes, neither would they be merciful on the young nor have any respect for elders and nor would they condone anyone who commits a mistake. Their news are all indecencies and improper. Their bodies are humans but their hearts like satans.”

Salman implored, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would such a day really come to pass ?”

The Messenger of Allah (a.s) replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! At that time males shall satisfy their lusts with males and females with females. And in the same way the father and people of family will be possessive of their own daughters and sons (that is they would want them for themselves). Men shall resemble women and women shall resemble men and women shall ride mounts. May curse of Allah be on them.”

Salman asked in surprise, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would this indeed happena”

The Messenger of Allah (a.s) replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! At that time mosques would be decorated with gold like churches and synagogues. Qurans would be taken as ornament and decoration and shops would be elevated and rows, elongated but they would be inimical to each other and everyone shall have their own justifications.”

Salman asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would this really happen ?”

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s) said, “Yes! By the God, in Whose hands is my life! At that time men and boys of the community would wear gold and silk and deal in leopard skins.”

Salman asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would this also happen ?”

The Prophet replied, “Yes! By the One in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! At that time usury would be widespread and a common activity and business transactions would comprise of backbiting and bribery. Religion shall be humiliated and the world shall be honored.”

Salman asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would this also come to pass ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the One in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! At that time divorces would increase and no penalty would be carried out although Almighty Allah would not be harmed by all this in any way.”

Salman asked, “Would this also happen ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose Hands is my life! O Salman! In that age singing girls would appear and the mischiefs of my community shall dominate.”

Salman asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Would such circumstances really appear ?”

The Prophet replied, “Yes! By the One in Whose hand is my life! O Salman! The affluent people of my community would go for Hajj for the sole purpose of recreation and the middle class would go for business and the poor for show off. In that time the community would learn Quran for (a purpose) other than Allah and recite it with musical instruments. A group of people will obtain knowledge of religious jurisprudence for other than Allah. In that time illegitimate children will increase, Quran will be recited in tune for entertainment.”

Salman requested, “O Messenger of Allah! Would such a day come to pass ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! It is the time when no type of sanctity and limits shall be observed and people would knowingly and willingly commit sins and evil people will dominate righteous souls. Lying would become open and flattery will become general, the poor shall openly display their poverty, some would pride upon others with regard to their clothes. Rain shall be unseasonal. People would consider chess, backgammon and music as favorite activities and in comparison to it they would consider Amr bil Maroof (Advising good) and Nahy Anil Munkar (Restraining from evil) as bad. So much so, that a faithful person shall be the most degraded and despised person of the community. The reciters (of Quran) will denounce the worshippers and the worshippers shall denounce the reciters. These are the people who are considered as filth in the kingdom of the heavens.”

Salman asked in astonishment, “O Messenger of Allah! Would such a day really come ?”

He replied, “Yes! By the God in Whose hands is my life! O Salman! In that time the ‘Ruwabyiza’ will speak.”

Salman asked, “O Messenger of Allah! My parents be sacrificed on you! What is ‘Ruwabyiza’ ?”

He replied, “A thing or a person’s speaking about the general matters that has never been spoken about. In that time people will not have a long life, suddenly the earth will call out and every person will think it is for him or her. After that the world would remain in that condition till Allah likes and after that it would be destroyed. The earth would spew out whatever it contains. The Prophet himself said: That is Gold and Silver. At that moment he pointed out to the pillars and said: Like this, but on that day neither gold nor silver be of any use. This is the meaning of the verse: Now indeed the tokens of it have come…”[9]

Second Tradition

Humran has related that Imam Sadiq (a.s) was speaking about the pomp and splendor of the tyrant rulers and the poverty and bad conditions of the Shias. He says, “I was in the presence of Abu Ja’far Mansur Dawaniqi while he was the ruler and he was riding his mount accompanied by numerous attendants. Some others were riding astride him. He asked me, ‘O Aba Abdillah! Indeed it is a fact that the Almighty Allah has given us kingdom and security and an honor, which He made easy for us. Be happy with it and do not say to the people you and your Ahle Bayt are more eligible than us for this rulership because if you utter such a thing it would be as if you have instigated yourself and the people against me.’”

He says, “I said, ‘Who has told you such a thing. Whoever has said it has lied.’” Mansur asked, “Can you swear that you have not said anything like it ?”

He says, “I replied, ‘People are magicians. They like to instigate you against me. It is upto you to keep your ears protected and do not accept all they say because our caution regarding you is more than your caution about us.’

At that time he said to me, ‘Do you remember that day when I asked you whether I would reach your thronea You said: Yes! A rule of long duration widespread and secure, which will not decline in your kingdom you will be given respite and comfort. And in your world would be increase and excess till the time that in the Holy month and the Holy city their hands shall be smeared in our blood.’”

The Imam says, “I understood that I remembered that incident. I said, ‘Yes! I hope Allah, the Mighty and the Sublime would keep you safe and I also on that day by those words did not mean you by that person. Rather it was a tradition I had quoted for you. Although it is possible that person who would smear his hands with our blood may be a person from your family.’

When I told him this he fell silent and did not say anything else. After we reached our destination one of our supporters came to me with some people and said to me, ‘May I be sacrificed on you! I saw you in the caravan of Abu Ja’far (Mansur). You were on an ass while he rode a horse. His head was bowed towards you and he was speaking to you. As if he wanted to control you. I said to myself: O flatterer! This is the proof of God on the creatures and is the real owner of this kingdom and grandeur. And he is the one whom all the rulers of the world should follow. And this other person is an oppressor, a tyrant and the slayer of the children of the prophets and a blood-shedder who spills innocent blood and whom Allah does not like. At that time he was riding a horse while you rode an ass. That thought worried me so much and I got such a doubt that I began to doubt about my life and my religion.’

Imam (a.s) said, “I told you that if you had seen the honor and the service of the angels who were moving ahead of me and behind me, Mansur’s kingdom would have become worthless in your view.”

When my follower heard this he said, “Now my heart is satiated.”

And then he asked, “For how long would these people remain in powera And in which time would Islam become safe from their mischief ?”

I replied to him, “But you don’t know that there is a limit to everything.”

He said, “Why not! (I know it)”

I said, “If you know when this would occur, before the blink of the eye. At that time your knowledge would be beneficial to you. Yes! You knew the position these people have near Allah at that time your hatred to them will increase. If you and all the people of the earth endeavor to make more severe the condition in which they are, you are not at all capable of it. Then Shaitan would not touch you that honor is for Allah, the Messenger and the believers but the hypocrites do not know.”

Do you not know that one who is in anticipation of our affair and are patient on difficulties they face, tomorrow he shall be in our army. Thus whenever you see that truth is extinct and inhabitants of the earth are destroyed and injustice and oppression have surrounded from all sides and Quran has become old-fashioned and those things become apparent in it that are not in it and you see Quran interpreted by selfish motives and see that religion is inverted like a bowl. (Another version says: Like water is inverted). And you see people of falsehood dominating over people of truth and see mischief becoming common but no one restraining it. Rather the mischief-makers shall be defended and you will see that transgression is openly committed. Men shall satisfy their lust with men and women shall satisfy theirs with women. You will see that the believer assumes silence as his advice will not be accepted. You will see the transgressor lying and also see that his lies are being accepted and no one is refuting and falsifying his words. You will see the young insulting the elders. You will see that dissociating with relatives has become common. You will see that when a person praises sin he would do it laughingly and one who says it will not be refuted. You will see boys will be given to those whom they give women. You will see women marrying women. You will see that praise and extolling would increase. You will see that people spending their wealth on the way of other that God and there would be none to restrain them and hold back their hands. You will see that when people see a believer making effort and searching, they would seek the refuge of Allah that they may not become like him. You will see a neighbor harassing other neighbor and no one would stop him. You will see that when a disbeliever sees the poor condition of the believer he would be elated by his own condition and when he sees corruption widespread on the earth he would be happy. And you will see that wine is openly imbibed and people who are gathered around tables do not care about Allah, the Mighty and the Sublime. You will see that enjoining good has become extinct. You will see that the transgressor is powerful and is being defended and praised in deeds disliked by Allah. You will see that those having the signs (Another version: Those having the relics) would also face humiliation. You will see that the path of good is closed and the path of mischief is open and full of people who walk upon it. You will see that the Holy Ka’ba is rendered empty and people shall be prevented from its visitation and encouraged to leave it. You will see each one advising others what he himself hasn’t done. You will see men dressing up for men and women shall dress up for women (and show off themselves as they are not). You will see men earning their living through service and women through their private parts.

You will see women arranging for themselves assemblies like men do. You will see descendants of Bani Abbas openly committing sodomy and women becoming men. That is why they dye and comb their hair like ladies make up their hair for their husbands. Men would spend their wealth for their private parts. Many people would fight for one man and each of them would try to put to shame the other.

You will see that one possessing wealth is more respected than a believer. Usury would be openly practiced and none shall be chastised about it. You will see a woman praised for her adulterous exploits. The wife would help and support her husband in committing sodomy with another man. You will see people helping their ladies in sensual deeds and they shall be considered the best family men.

You will see the believer always in sorrow, degradation and humiliation. You will see innovations and adultery common. You will see people competing with each other in testifying falsely. You will see that the prohibited has become permissible, the permissible has become prohibited. You will see people justifying their religion on the basis of their personal views and opinions and the Book of God and its commands are rendered useless.

You will see that no one is committing sins in the darkness of the night. Rather you will see them committing sins in broad daylight. You will see the believer, except by his heart, cannot refute the evils. You will see unprecedented wealth being squandered on activities hated by God. You will see wealthier people more deserving of leadership of the people. You will see relatives of prohibited degree satisfying each other and marrying each other. You will see people killed merely on allegations and doubts. You will see men dropping their shame in competing for the love of a boy. So much so, that they would sacrifice their life and wealth on this love.

You will see people denouncing men who go to women for satisfying their lusts. You will see people living off the adulterous earnings of their wives knowingly. You will see wives dominating and suppressing their husbands. They act contrary to their desires and spend money on it. You will see people hiring out their wife, daughter, and maid for sex and be satisfied to eat and drink things purchased by such money. And you will see that false oath is common, chess is played openly and wine is sold openly and no one is prohibiting it. And you will see Muslim women giving their kinswomen to disbelievers.

And you will see music and singing very open and common. Muslims would go beyond that and none shall refrain the other and none shall dare to prevent him. You will see respectable people humiliated by those whose power they dread. You will see that the closest people to their leaders shall be those who speak ill of us, Ahle Bayt and praise those leaders. You will see that people would find it very difficult to listen to Quranic recitation while on the other hand, it would be easy and acceptable for them to listen to impermissible sounds.

You will see people respecting a neighbor for fear of his sharp tongue. You will see the most truthful people lying. You will see that mischief is open and tale telling is common. You will see that rebellion and injustice has come out in open. You will see backbiting has become a sort of good and jovial manner and people would give glad-tidings to each other through it. You will see that the aspect of other than Allah would be found in Hajj and Jihad. You will see the ruler humiliating a believer because of a disbeliever. You will see destructions dominating their lives. You will see that human life would become a saleable commodity. You will see that bloodshed would become an easy and very common matter.

You will see that someone is standing up for leadership while his sole aim will be the world and he would introduce himself to be a harsh-tongued person so that none may dare to oppose him and through it he may have his purpose solved. You will see that carelessness is exercised with the Prayer. You will see that the rich has much wealth collected with him and since he has started hoarding it he has not paid Zakat on it. You will see that they would take out the corpse out of the grave, hurt it and sell off its shroud. You will see that there is too much of topsy-turvy. You will see that people are intoxicated in the morning and late afternoon without any care for anyone or anything. You will see them having sexual intercourse with animals. You will see animals fighting and killing each other.

You will see people going to places of worship and coming back in condition of having their garments looted. You will see that the hearts of the people have become hard and their eyes have no shame and the remembrance of Allah is hard on them and consumption of prohibited would become open and they would compete with each other in this. You will see that if a worshipper goes to the worship house he does so with the intention of showing off, that people may see him. If you see a jurisprudent is contemplating something other than religious aim it is that he intends to obtain material gains and worldly power. You will see that people are supporting only those who are powerful and those who are victorious without any thought of whether he had been on the right or wrong.

You will see that those who try to earn through lawful means are denounced and criticized and those who seek through unlawful means are respected and praised. You will see such activities in the two holy sanctuaries of Ka’ba and Medina, that the Almighty Allah does not like and none would be there to stop it. Rather there would be no obstacle between them and their ignorance. You will see that music is played openly in the two sanctuaries. You will see a person issuing good exhortation but someone would stand up and say that Allah does not want him to say these things; while he would be considered a well-wisher of this man. You will see people united in following the people of mischief. You will see that paths of good are deserted and no one walks upon them.

You will see that they shake up the dead body and no one would be disturbed by it. You will see that every year there is increase in innovations and mischief would increase. You will see that people and groups do not follow anyone except the rich. You will see that the needs of the needy are fulfilled laughingly and mockingly and their kindness shall be for ulterior motives. You will see that the heavenly signs shall become apparent but none would be afraid of them. You will see people clinging to each other like animals and none would consider it bad. Even if they consider it bad, they would not say anything against it due to the fear of the people. You will see people spending most of their wealth in ways other than Allah’s and they would be unwilling to spend even a little on the way of Allah. And you will see that hurting parents, being disowned by them or insulting the parents would be common. Parents would be considered the worst of the people in view of their children. So much so, children will be pleased when allegations are made against their parents. You will see women dominating rulership and they would be having power on everything that fulfills their sensual desires.

You will see children making allegations against their parents and criticizing them. They would be elated on hearing the news of their demise. You will see that the conditions reach to such a stage that if a day passes for a man without having committed any sin, short-selling, misappropriation, usurpation and wine-drinking he would think that a day of his life is wasted. You will see the ruler hoarding essential commodities and the property of the near kindered of the Prophet (a.s) being distributed unjustly. And he will spend it in gambling and drinking.

You will see him seeking cure through wine, and he would praise and recommend it for those who are sick. He would say: Such and such wine is beneficial for you. He would seek cure from alcohol. You will see people united in leaving off the enjoining of good and restraining from evil. You will see that the flag of hypocrites is flying high and the flag of people of truth missing. You will see callers to Prayer and worshippers calling Azan and performing prayers for money.

You will see the mosques full of people who do not fear God. They have gathered to backbite and consume the flesh of the people of truth. They shall discuss about wine-drinkers. You will see the prayer leader leading prayer in a state of intoxication. Such that he would not understand what he is reciting and none would denounce him. Rather if he is intoxicated, people would respect him due to fear and leave him alone. They would not pursue him; rather they would consider him worthy of being excused. You will see people who usurp the property of orphans praised. You will see judges issuing judgments against divine commands. You will see rulers, because of greed, seeking refuge of those who misappropriate.

You will see the guardians giving off the wealth to transgressors and sinners against Allah rather than pay the inheritance according to religious law. They would accept their bribes as fees. And they shall leave him free so that inheritors may do whatever they like. You will see people advising good from the pulpit but themselves not acting upon it. You will see that Prayer is not recited on time and preference will not be accorded for praying at the earliest hour. You will see charity (Sadaqah) and alms are being paid on the basis of recommendation. And in it there would be no intention of seeing Allah’s pleasure but it would be only because people are petitioning. You will see that people are free in satisfying carnal desires and they do not care what they eat and where they fulfill their lust. You will see that the world is moving towards the people.

You will see that the signs of religion have become outdated, antiquated and old. Then beware of such a day for the sake of Allah and beseech the Almighty for salvation. Know that in such days people shall be deep in divine chastisement. And if the Almighty Allah has given them respite it is because you must wait for the time Allah has appointed for a matter. You must try to be such that you are opposed to these types of people so that if chastisement descends upon them, you may soon reach the mercy of Allah. If their chastisement is delayed and they fall into it, you may be out of their midst; you must not be the one who has dared to disobey Allah. You should know that the Almighty Allah does not waste the rewards of the good doers. And the mercy of Allah is near to the righteous ones.”[10]

Here we conclude our discussion about traditions that speak about the signs of the Day of Judgment. These traditions clearly show that the moral and ethical level of the people shall be at the lowest and they shall be mired in the filths of ignorance. It is very likely that these would also be the signs of the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s).

[1] Iqdud Durar, Pg. 119; Al-Masabih
[2] Amali, Shaykh Tusi
[3] Iqdud Durar, Pg. 113
[4] Kanzul Ummal, Pg. 7/186
[5] Kanzul Ummal, 6/44
[6] Biharul Anwar, 13/174
[7] Qalaidud Durar, Pg. 133
[8] Al Fusulul Muhimma Ibne Sabbagh Maliki, Pg. 248
[9] Surah Muhammad 47:18, Tafsir Qummi
[10] Rauzatul Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg. 36-42

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